HMS Chatham was a 50-gun fourth rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built at Portsmouth Dockyard to the draught specified by the 1745 Establishment as amended in 1752, and launched on 25 April 1758.
His Majesty's Ship Chatham of 50 guns in the 1770s. Commanded by Vice Admiral William Perry. Captain James Worth, a watercolour by Robert Raymond, her Warrant Officer.
|Ordered||8 November 1752|
|Launched||25 April 1758|
|Fate||Broken up, 1814|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type||1752 amendments 50-gun fourth rate ship of the line|
|Tons burthen||1052 (bm)|
|Length||147 ft (44.8 m) (gundeck)|
|Beam||40 ft 3 in (12.3 m)|
|Depth of hold||17 ft 8 in (5.4 m)|
|Sail plan||Full-rigged ship|
On 2 September 1781 Chatham captured the French frigate Magicienne off Cape Ann after a sanguinary engagement. Magicienne was serving in Orvilliers' fleet under Captain Janvre de la Bouchetière In the action the French lost 60 men killed and 40 wounded; the British lost one man killed and one man wounded. Magicienne was described as being of 800 tons, 36 guns and 280 men. She was subsequently taken to Halifax and recommissioned in the Royal Navy as HMS Magicienne.
Chatham was placed on harbour service in 1793, and continued in this role until 1814, when the decision was taken to have her broken up.
- Lavery, Ships of the Line, vol.1, p. 174.
- Raymond, Robert. "Maritime Journal of Robert Raymond 1767-1783". Christies.com. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
- Contenson (1934), p. 195.
- Kérallain (1928), p. 31.
- "No. 12239". The London Gazette. 3 November 1781. p. 4.
- "No. 12279". The London Gazette. 16 March 1782. p. 1.
- Contenson, Ludovic (1934). La Société des Cincinnati de France et la guerre d'Amérique (1778–1783). Paris: éditions Auguste Picard. OCLC 7842336.
- Kérallain, R. (1928). "Bougainville à l'armée du Cte de Grasse". Journal de la société des américanistes (20). Retrieved 29 April 2020.
- Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line – Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650–1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.