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HD 181068 is a star system in the constellation of Lyra. With an apparent magnitude of 7.09,[2] the system is not visible to the naked eye but may be viewed with a pair of binoculars. Based on parallax measurements made by the Hipparcos spacecraft, the system is some 810 light years (250 parsecs) away from Earth.[1]

HD 181068
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Lyra
Right ascension  19h 17m 08.97863s[1]
Declination +41° 15′ 53.3103″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 7.09[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type G8III / G8V / K1V[3]
Variable type Eclipsing binary
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv)5.83 km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: 0.60[1] mas/yr
Dec.: -8.07[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)4.02 ± 0.40[1] mas
Distance810 ± 80 ly
(250 ± 20 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)–0.3 / 5.6 / 6.1[3]
Orbit[4]
PrimaryHD 181068 A
CompanionHD 181068 B
Period (P)45.4711 ± 0.0002 d
Semi-major axis (a)90.31 ± 0.72 R
Eccentricity (e)0
Inclination (i)87.5 ± 2°
Periastron epoch (T)Tmin = 2455499.9962
Orbit[4]
PrimaryHD 181068 Ba
CompanionHD 181068 Bb
Period (P)0.9056768 ± 0.0000002 d
Semi-major axis (a)4.777 ± 0.039 R
Eccentricity (e)0
Inclination (i)87.6 ± 1.4°
Periastron epoch (T)Tmin = 2455051.23623
Details[5]
HD 181068 A
Mass3 ± 0.1 M
Radius12.46 ± 0.15 R
Luminosity (bolometric)92.8 ± 7.6 L
Surface gravity (log g)2.73 cgs
Temperature5100 ± 100 K
HD 181068 Ba
Mass0.915 ± 0.034 M
Radius0.865 ± 0.01 R
Luminosity (bolometric)0.447 ± 0.037 L
Surface gravity (log g)4.53 cgs
Temperature5100 ± 100 K
HD 181068 Bb
Mass0.870 ± 0.043 M
Radius0.8 ± 0.02 R
Luminosity (bolometric)0.27 ± 0.027 L
Surface gravity (log g)4.58 cgs
Temperature4675 ± 100 K
Other designations
HD 181068, BD+41° 3292, HIP 94780, SAO 48282, KIC 5952403[6]
Database references
SIMBADdata
KICdata

HD 181068 is in the Kepler spacecraft's field of view, and its unique properties were first observed by the satellite's photometer. It consists of a red giant, designated HD 181068 A, along with two main-sequence stars, designated HD 181068 Ba and HD 181068 Bb, respectively. Normal eclipsing binaries have two components that pass in front of each other while eclipsing. However, all three components of HD 181068 orbit each other in such a way that they eclipse each other, forming a rare triply eclipsing system.[7]

The primary, HD 181068 A, has a spectral type of G8III,[3] meaning it is a red giant that has used up its core hydrogen and has expanded to a radius of 12.46 R.[5] The primary star is also unusual in that it does not exhibit internal seismic oscillations as have been detected in other red giants, although tidal forces from the closer pair may possibly be causing other variability in the light curve of the system.[7]

HD 181068 Ba and Bb have spectral types of G8V and K1V respectively, indicating their location on the main sequence, slightly later than the Sun. They are in a close orbit and complete an orbit once every 0.906 days (about 21.7 hours), while they orbit HD 181068 A every 45.5 days.[4] All three stars have similar surface brightnesses and colors, so when the two companions eclipse the red giant, the change in brightness is very slight and hard to detect.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F.; et al. (2007). "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 474 (2): 653–664. arXiv:0708.1752. Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357.
  2. ^ a b Høg, E.; et al. (2000). "The Tycho-2 catalogue of the 2.5 million brightest stars". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 355: L27–L30. Bibcode:2000A&A...355L..27H.
  3. ^ a b c Derekas, A.; et al. (2011). "HD 181068: A Red Giant in a Triply Eclipsing Compact Hierarchical Triple System". Science. 332 (6026). arXiv:1202.2196. Bibcode:2011Sci...332..216D. doi:10.1126/science.1201762.
  4. ^ a b c Borkovits, T.; Derekas, A.; Kiss, L. L.; Forgács-Dajka, E.; Bíró, I. B.; Bedding, T. R.; Bryson, S. T.; Huber, D.; Szabó, R. (2013). "Dynamical masses, absolute radii and 3D orbits of the triply eclipsing star HD 181068 from Kepler photometry". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 428 (2): 1656–1672. arXiv:1210.1061. Bibcode:2013MNRAS.428.1656B. doi:10.1093/mnras/sts146.
  5. ^ a b Czesla, S.; Huber, K. F.; Schneider, P. C.; Schmitt, J. H. M. M. (2014). "A multiwavelength study of the hierarchical triple HD 181068. A test bed for studying star-planet interaction?". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 570. arXiv:1408.2988. Bibcode:2014A&A...570A.115C. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201423879.
  6. ^ "HD 181068". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  7. ^ a b c "Kepler discovery of a unique triply eclipsing triple star". NASA Kepler News. April 7, 2011.