Hải Dương (About this soundlisten) is a city in Vietnam. It is the capital of Hải Dương, a highly industrialized province in the Hanoi Capital Region and the Red River Delta in Northern Vietnam. Its name is Sino-Vietnamese for "ocean sun" (). The city is at the midpoint between the capital Hanoi and major port Haiphong, and is part of the Northern Key Economic Zone. In 2019, Hai Duong city had a population of 507,469.[1]

Hải Dương

Thành phố Hải Dương
Hải Dương City
Nickname(s): 
Thành Đông (Eastern Citadel)
Hải Dương is located in Vietnam
Hải Dương
Hải Dương
Location in Vietnam
Coordinates: 20°56′23″N 106°19′50″E / 20.93972°N 106.33056°E / 20.93972; 106.33056
Country Vietnam
CityThành phố Hải Dương
Area
 • Total71.38 km2 (27.56 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total507,469[1]
 • Density4,563/km2 (11,820/sq mi)
ClimateCwa

NameEdit

The name first appeared officially in 1498.[2] In feudal times, Hải Dương indicated a vast area from east of Hanoi to the sea. This area corresponds to all of modern Hải Dương, Haiphong, most of Hưng Yên and the southwestern corner of Quảng Ninh. Hai Duong is homecity of Phuc Tran.

Hải Dương city is in the middle of this historical area and was the location of a citadel defending the capital. Because of this historical location, Thành Đông (eastern citadel) is a common nickname of Hải Dương.

GeographyEdit

Hai Duong city is bordered to the north-east by the Nam Sách District and Thanh Hà District. A branch of the Cái River (literally, "mother river" in Vietnamese) divides the city into two parts, on one side the urban area, on the other side lie rural and industrial outskirts. It is bordered to the west by the Cẩm Giàng District, and to the south by the Gia Lộc and Tứ Kỳ districts, and also a branch of the Sat River. The city is located in the centre of both the Northern Economic Area and of the Hanoi–Hai Phong–Quang Ninh development region as well. Hải Dương is located 58 kilometres (36 mi) from Hanoi, 45 kilometres (28 mi) from Hai Phong, and 80 kilometres (50 mi) from Halong Bay. A railway, National Highway No.5 (Hanoi - Hải Dương - Hai Phong) and National Highway No.18 (Bắc Ninh - Hải Dương - Quảng Ninh) all pass through the province.

Hải Dương Province is also located within the Red River Delta of northern Vietnam. It is bordered by Hai Phong, Quảng Ninh Province in the east, Hưng Yên in the west, Bắc Ninh and Bắc Giang in the north, and Thái Bình in the south. With a total area of 1,648 square kilometres (636 sq mi), Hải Dương Province has one major city (Hải Dương) and eleven districts (Bình Giang, Cẩm Giàng, Chí Linh, Gia Lộc, Kim Thành, Thanh Hà, Thanh Miện, Nam Sách, Kinh Môn, Ninh Giang, Tứ Kỳ).

Nowadays, highway makes it easier to commute among Hai phong, Hai Duong and Hanoi, approximately from Hai Duong to Hanoi, it takes around 45 minutes to 1 hour since Oct 2017.

Administrative divisionsEdit

Hải Dương city was built in 1804, and was first called "Thành Đông" (Sino-Vietnamese for eastern citadel), referring to the citadel east of Vietnam's capital, Hanoi. During the French colonial period, Hải Dương was a town. Before 1968, Hải Dương was a town in the Hải Dương Province. Between 1968 and 1996 it was the capital town of Hải Hưng Province, after the provinces of Hải Dương and Hưng Yên merged to form Hải Hưng. On November 6, 1996, following the separation of Hải Dương and Hưng Yên provinces, Hải Dương became the capital town of the Hải Dương province as it had been before. On August 6, 1997, Hải Dương was established as a city.

From 2013, Hải Dương city includes 17 wards (urban areas) and 4 communes (rural areas).[3]

PrecinctsEdit

CommunesEdit

  • An Châu
  • Nam Đồng
  • Tân Hưng
  • Thượng Đạt

CommunesEdit

Area and populationEdit

HAI DUONG
Location
Head office of Committee No 2 - Dong-xuan str., Tran Phu ward, Haiduong city
Size 17 wards, 4 communes
Location Center of Hải Dương province
Inhabitant
Population 187 405 people
Rural %
Urban %
Area
Area 71.39 square kilometres (27.56 sq mi)
Density 3 815.7
Authorities(2007)
President of Committee Mr Nguyễn Đức Thăm
President of commune Mr Phạm Công Định
Native Mainly Vietnamese
Supplement Information
phone
Fax
Web Hải Dương
Web Hải Dương
Web Hải Dương
Web Hải Dương

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Hải Dương
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.6
(85.3)
31.6
(88.9)
33.2
(91.8)
36.5
(97.7)
38.6
(101.5)
38.2
(100.8)
38.2
(100.8)
36.5
(97.7)
36.1
(97.0)
33.8
(92.8)
33.1
(91.6)
30.0
(86.0)
38.6
(101.5)
Average high °C (°F) 19.5
(67.1)
19.7
(67.5)
22.2
(72.0)
26.3
(79.3)
30.6
(87.1)
32.3
(90.1)
32.4
(90.3)
31.6
(88.9)
30.6
(87.1)
28.4
(83.1)
25.3
(77.5)
21.9
(71.4)
26.7
(80.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 16.3
(61.3)
17.1
(62.8)
19.8
(67.6)
23.5
(74.3)
27.0
(80.6)
28.7
(83.7)
29.2
(84.6)
28.4
(83.1)
27.2
(81.0)
24.6
(76.3)
21.1
(70.0)
17.8
(64.0)
23.4
(74.1)
Average low °C (°F) 14.0
(57.2)
15.3
(59.5)
18.1
(64.6)
21.5
(70.7)
24.5
(76.1)
26.1
(79.0)
26.6
(79.9)
26.0
(78.8)
24.8
(76.6)
21.9
(71.4)
18.2
(64.8)
14.8
(58.6)
21.0
(69.8)
Record low °C (°F) 4.1
(39.4)
5.0
(41.0)
6.5
(43.7)
11.9
(53.4)
16.6
(61.9)
18.9
(66.0)
21.5
(70.7)
21.8
(71.2)
16.5
(61.7)
13.0
(55.4)
8.1
(46.6)
3.2
(37.8)
3.2
(37.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 24
(0.9)
24
(0.9)
44
(1.7)
92
(3.6)
167
(6.6)
237
(9.3)
232
(9.1)
274
(10.8)
211
(8.3)
143
(5.6)
47
(1.9)
21
(0.8)
1,516
(59.7)
Average precipitation days 7.9 11.7 15.6 13.1 12.8 14.5 13.4 16.1 13.3 10.3 6.4 4.8 140.0
Average relative humidity (%) 82.7 85.7 88.9 89.6 86.3 83.9 83.6 86.9 85.9 83.1 80.1 79.7 84.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 78 46 42 85 193 176 202 181 190 182 152 132 1,659
Source: Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Thành phố Hải Dương đạt tiêu chí đô thị loại I" (in Vietnamese). 2019-10-10. Retrieved 2019-10-17.
  2. ^ "Đại Việt Sử ký Toàn thư: Bản kỷ thực lục. Quyển XII. Kỷ Nhà Lê: Thánh Tông Thuần Hoàng Đế" (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2019-10-17.
  3. ^ "Thành phố Hải Dương". Retrieved 2019-10-17.
  4. ^ "Vietnam Building Code Natural Physical & Climatic Data for Construction" (PDF). Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology. Retrieved 2019-10-17.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 20°56′23″N 106°19′50″E / 20.93972°N 106.33056°E / 20.93972; 106.33056