Gyeon Singeom

Gyeon Singeom (Korean견신검; Hanja甄神劍; ? – September 936,[1] r. 15 November 935 – 936[2]) was the second and final king of Hubaekje, one of the Later Three Kingdoms of Korea.[3] He came to the throne after conspiring with his two brothers, Yanggeom and Yonggeom, to overthrow their father Gyeon Hwon and kill the anointed heir, their younger half-brother Geumgang.[4][5]

Gyeon Singeom
견신검
Crown Prince Gyeonseong
(왕태자 견성, 王太子 甄成)
King of Later Baekje
Reign15 November 935 – 936
Coronation15 November 935
PredecessorGyeon Hwon
SuccessorDynasty abolished
(Taejo of Goryeo as the 1st King of Goryeo)
MonarchGyeon Hwon
Died936
Jeolla-do, Kingdom of Goryeo
Era name and dates
Jeonggae (정개, 正開): 900–936
HouseHouse of Gyeon (Hwanggan Gyeon clan)
FatherGyeon Hwon
MotherLady Sangwon
ReligionBuddhism
Gyeon Singeom
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationGyeon Singeom
McCune–ReischauerKyŏn Sin'gŏm

The brothers placed Gyeon Hwon in prison, but he was able to escape. Gyeon Hwon led the Goryeo army against them in 936 AD at present-day Seonsan in Gumi city, destroying Singeom's army.[6][7]

King Taejo of Goryeo deemed that the plot was the work of Singeom's brothers, and granted Singeom a noble title. Accounts vary as to whether Yanggeom and Yonggeom were sent into exile or slain.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ In Lunar calendar.
  2. ^ In Lunar calendar, he reigned on 17 October 935 – September 936.
  3. ^ Kang, Jae-eun. The Land of Scholars: Two Thousand Years of Korean Confucianism. Homa & Sekey. p. 72.
  4. ^ Iryon; Iryŏn (2006). Overlooked Historical Records of the Three Korean Kingdoms. Seoul, South Korea: Jimoondang. p. 145. ISBN 978-89-88095-94-2.
  5. ^ Hwang, Kyung Moon (2017) [2010]. A History of Korea. Palgrave Essential Histories (2nd ed.). London and New York: Macmillan International Higher Education. pp. 28–31. ISBN 978-1-137-57359-9.
  6. ^ Korea National University of Education (2008). Atlas of Korean History. Singapore: Stallion Press. pp. 67–68. ISBN 978-981-08-0785-6.
  7. ^ Kang, Chae-ŏn; Kang, Jae-eun (2006). The Land of Scholars: Two Thousand Years of Korean Confucianism. Translated by Lee, Suzanne. Paramus, NJ: Homa & Sekey Books. p. 72. ISBN 978-1-931907-37-8.
Gyeon Singeom
 Died: 936
Regnal titles
Preceded by
King of Hubaekje
935–936
Succeeded by
none