Guzmania lingulata

Guzmania lingulata, the droophead tufted airplant or scarlet star, is a species of flowering plant in the family Bromeliaceae, subfamily Tillandsioideae. This evergreen epiphytic perennial[2] is native to rainforest habitats in Central America, northern and central South America and southern Mexico.[1] The Latin word lingulata means "tongue-shaped".[3] The foliage grows in a star-shaped basal rosette culminating in an orange and red bracted inflorescence. It is among the most commonly cultivated bromeliad types, with cultivars producing flowers in shades of maroon, red, orange, yellow or pink.

Guzmania lingulata
Bromeliaceae03.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Bromeliaceae
Genus: Guzmania
Species:
G. lingulata
Binomial name
Guzmania lingulata
(L.) Mez
Synonyms[1]
  • Tillandsia lingulata L.
  • Caraguata lingulata (L.) Lindl.
  • Tillandsia clavata D.Dietr.
  • Guzmania cardinalis (André) Mez
  • Caraguata cardinalis André
  • Tillandsia sordida Salisb.
  • Caraguata latifolia Beer
  • Guzmania minor Mez
  • Caraguata splendens Planch.
  • Caraguata peacockii E.Morren
  • Guzmania peacockii (E.Morren) Mez


VarietiesEdit

Four varieties are recognized:[1]

  • Guzmania lingulata var. cardinalis (André) Mez - Colombia, Ecuador
  • Guzmania lingulata var. concolor Proctor & Cedeño-Mald. - Central America, West Indies, northern and central South America (Guianas and Colombia south to Bolivia), southern Mexico
  • Guzmania lingulata var. flammea (L.B.Sm.) L.B.Sm. - Colombia, Ecuador
  • Guzmania lingulata var. lingulata - Guyana, Suriname, Jamaica, Venezuelan Antilles; naturalized in Bermuda

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
  3. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Guzmania lingulata at Wikimedia Commons