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Gunugus or Gunugu (Punic: 𐤂𐤍𐤂𐤍‬‬, gngn)[1] was a Berber and Carthaginian town in northwest Africa in antiquity. It passed into Roman control during the Punic Wars and was the site of a colony of veteran soldiers. It survived the Vandals and Byzantines but was destroyed during the Muslim invasion of the area.

Gunugus
Gunugu
Gunugus is located in Algeria
Gunugus
Shown within Algeria
LocationAlgeria
RegionAlgiers Province
Coordinates36°34′16″N 1°54′11″E / 36.570982°N 1.90305°E / 36.570982; 1.90305Coordinates: 36°34′16″N 1°54′11″E / 36.570982°N 1.90305°E / 36.570982; 1.90305

LocationEdit

Gunugus has been tentatively—but not certainly—identified with the ruins at Sidi Brahim de Gouraya on the Mediterranean coast near Gouraya, Algeria.[2][3]

HistoryEdit

Gunugus was a Berber and Carthaginian town from around 550 BC.[4][5] It may have also been the site of a Greek colony at some point[6]

After the Punic Wars, Gunugus was the site of a Roman colony established by Augustus.

It was administered as part of the province of Caesarian Mauretania. The local Berbers made up a large part of the settlement as well.

Gunugus existed through the Vandal Kingdom and the Byzantine reconquest of Africa.[7][8] It was destroyed around AD 640.[4][5]

BishopricEdit

The town was also the seat of an ancient Roman Catholic bishopric.[9][10] The only known bishop of this diocese is Ausilio, who took part in the synod assembled in Carthage in 484 by the Vandal King Huneric, after which Ausilio was exiled. Today Gunugo Diocese survives as a titular bishopric[11] of the Roman Catholic Church and the current bishop is Sylvester David, of Cape Town.[12]

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Ghaki (2015), p. 67.
  2. ^ "Gunugu: a Pleiades place resource". Pleiades: a gazetteer of past places. Retrieved 2018-02-01.
  3. ^ Titular Episcopal See of Gunugus, at GCatholic.org.
  4. ^ a b "Trismegistos". www.trismegistos.org. Retrieved 2018-02-01.
  5. ^ a b Barrington Atlas, 2000, pl. 30 C3.
  6. ^ "Gunugu: a Pleiades name resource". Pleiades: a gazetteer of past places. Retrieved 2018-02-01.
  7. ^ "Gunugu: a Pleiades place resource". Pleiades: a gazetteer of past places. Retrieved 2018-02-01.
  8. ^ "Gunugu, Sidi-Brahim – Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire". imperium.ahlfeldt.se. Retrieved 2018-02-01.
  9. ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, (Leipzig, 1931), p.466.
  10. ^ Stefano Antonio Morcelli, Africa christiana, Volume I, (Brescia, 1816), p.177.
  11. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013, ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), "Sedi titolari", pp. 819-1013
  12. ^ Cheney, David M. "Gunugus (Titular See) [Catholic-Hierarchy]". www.catholic-hierarchy.org. Retrieved 2019-08-18.

BibliographyEdit