Gulf of Alexandretta
The gulf is named for the nearby Turkish city of İskenderun, the classical Alexandretta. It was also formerly known as the Sea or Gulf of Issus (Latin: Mare Issicum or Issicus Sinus). Herodotus also records it as the Marandynian Bay, after the nearby town of Myriandrus.
The Gulf of Alexandretta forms the easternmost bay or inlet of the Mediterranean Sea. It lies beside the southern coast of Turkey near its border with Syria. In antiquity, the adjacent Nur Mountains were usually thought to separate the regions of Cilicia and Syria, although Herodotus at one point places the division further south at Ras al-Bassit (the classical Posidium).
- Rennell, James (1830), The Geographical System of Herodotus Examined and Explained..., Vol. I (2nd ed.), London: C.J.G. & F. Rivington.
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