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The Guba-Khachmaz economic region is situated in the north-east of Azerbaijan, to the north of the Absheron Peninsula, between the shores of the Caspian Sea and the Greater Caucasus mountains.[1][2][3]

Guba-Khachmaz economic region

Quba-Xaçmaz iqtisadi rayonu
Guba-Khachmaz economic region is located in the north-east of Azerbaijan.
Guba-Khachmaz economic region is located in the north-east of Azerbaijan.
Area
 • Total6,96,000 km2 (269,000 sq mi)
Population
 • Total544,100

Contents

DivisionsEdit

Administrative districts of the economic region include Shabran, Khachmaz, Guba, Gusar, and Siyazan.[4]

GeographyEdit

The territory of the region is 696,000 square kilometres (269,000 sq mi),[4] 8.8% of the country.[2] It is divided into four zones: plains, foothills, middle and high mountains.[5]

ClimateEdit

The climate of the region has special topographic characteristic with four different zones. Clime types are divided into hot in the plain zones, cold-humid and cold in the mountain zones.[2] [5]

PopulationEdit

The total populations of Guba–Khachmaz economic region at the beginning of 2018 was 544,100 people.[6]

Population distribution (in thousands)
Towns and regions Total including: Urban places including: Rural places including:
men women men women men women
Total 544.1 274.2 269.9 180.5 89.9 90.6 363.6 184.3 179.3
Gusar region 97.2 48.6 48.6 20.6 10.1 10.5 76.6 38.5 38.1
  Gusar town 18.3 9.0 9.3 18.3 9.0 9.3 - - -
  Samur settlement 2.3 1.1 1.2 2.3 1.1 1.2 - - -
Khachmaz region 176.3 88.4 87.9 67.6 33.3 34.3 108.7 55.1 53.6
  Khachmaz town 41.9 20.6 21.3 41.9 20.6 21.3 - - -
  Khudat town 16.7 8.3 8.4 16.7 8.3 8.4 - - -
  Shollar settlement 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 - - -
  Mukhdadir settlement 2.2 1.0 1.2 2.2 1.0 1.2 - - -
  Ashaghi Lagar settlement 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 - - -
  Shimal settlement 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 - - -
  Dalgali settlement 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 - - -
  Mesheli settlement 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 - - -
  Samurchay settlement 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 - - -
  Sahiller settlement 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 - - -
  Guneshli settlement 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 - - -
  Turist settlement 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 - - -
  Arzu settlement 1.4 0.7 0.7 1.4 0.7 0.7 - - -
  Yeni Hayat settlement 3.9 1.9 2.0 3.9 1.9 2.0 - - -
Guba region 170.0 86.4 83.6 40.4 20.3 20.1 129.6 66.1 63.5
  Guba town 24.8 12.3 12.5 24.8 12.3 12.5 - - -
  Qonaqkand settlement 1.8 0.9 0.9 1.8 0.9 0.9 - - -
  Qirmizi Qasaba settlement 3.2 1.7 1.5 3.2 1.7 1.5 - - -
  Ganjlar settlement 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.3 - - -
  Zardabi settlement 4.5 2.3 2.2 4.5 2.3 2.2 - - -
  Baghbanly settlement 1.9 1.0 0.9 1.9 1.0 0.9 - - -
  Barly settlement 2.0 1.0 1.0 2.0 1.0 1.0 - - -
  Garachay settlement 1.7 0.9 0.8 1.7 0.9 0.8 - - -
Shabran region 58.7 29.9 28.8 25.1 12.9 12.2 33.6 17.0 16.6
  Shabran town 25.1 12.9 12.2 25.1 12.9 12.2 - - -
Siyazan region 41.9 20.9 21.0 26.8 13.3 13.5 15.1 7.6 7.5
  Siyazan town 25.7 12.7 13.0 25.7 12.7 13.0 - - -
  Gil-Gil chay settlement 1.1 0.6 0.5 1.1 0.6 0.5 - - -

Natural resourcesEdit

Natural resources of the economic region include oil, natural gas, gravel, sand, flammable shale, clay, and water resources.[5][4]

Forests cover 10–11% of the region.[2]

EconomyEdit

Agriculture, industry, tourism, and folk art are the main areas of economy in region.[4]

Economy of Guba-Khachmaz[7]
2013 2014 2015
Number of enterprises Output, 1000 manats Number of enterprises Output, 1000 manats Number of enterprises Output, 1000 manats
Total economy 13,306 117,834.7 9,107 126,770.8 9,496 138,086.0
 of which natural persons – entrepreneurs 12,950 81,171.8 8,738 100,715.0 9,024 124,788.0
of which:
agriculture, forestry and fishing 194 6,175.7 181 8,757.3 204 4,080.1
  natural persons 108 1,035.0 83 1,004.0 83 1,061.0
industry 274 9,250.9 318 4,943.0 221 3,360.6
  natural persons 230 2,078.7 272 2,421.4 169 2,894.5
construction 80 15,700.9 90 5,969.1 82 1,051.8
  natural persons 63 429.0 71 394.8 62 323.7
trade; repair of transport means 10,204 44,970.6 5,165 50,745.0 5,495 80,055.1
  natural persons 10,053 37,572.2 5,027 43,226.4 5,373 73,970.7
transportation and storage 1,137 14,635.2 1,150 25,995.0 1,168 16,555.8
  natural persons 1,128 14,538.2 1,139 25,646.0 1,146 15,683.9
accommodation and food service 372 22,755.2 853 25,393.7 878 27,656.6
  natural persons   361 21,709.4 837 24,185.4 857 26,984.3
information and communication 5 65.0 4 59.9 10 126.3
  natural persons - - - - - -
real estate activities 11 29.3 28 169.4 28 196.5
  natural persons 7 - 24 4.4 23 7.7
education 6 65.2 8 97.5 13 143.5
  natural persons - - - - - -
human health and social work 1 6.4 2 18.5 8 343.2
  natural persons - - - - - -
other fields 1,022 4,180.3 1,308 4,622.4 1,389 4,516.5
  natural persons 1,000 3,809.3 1,285 3,832.6 1,311 3,862.2

AgricultureEdit

In the coastal lowlands, grain and vegetable production is common, while the mountainous towns are have orchards.[1] Grape, potato and wheat are also main agricultural products. For milk and meat products, animals are raised in lowland areas. In Siyazan and Shabran districts, poultry is common.[2]

IndustryEdit

Manufacturing industries heavily rely on oil and natural gas from Siyazan administrative district.[2]

TourismEdit

Main touristic centers in the region are Yalama-Xudat sea shore, Qalaalti treatment center for kidney diseases, Guba, Gusar, and Khachmaz and Shabran for their hunting and fishing opportunities.[2]

Tourism in Guba-Khachmaz[8]
2010 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Number of hotels 102 100 101 103 110 97
Total accommodation rooms 2,921 2,990 3,254 3,544 3,794 3,846
Instant attitude, place[clarification needed] 7,905 8,119 8,703 9,127 9,691 9,572
Total accommodations persons 66,064 42,262 32,914 42,060 58,610 82,998
Total person-nights accommodations 310,094 279,439 194,871 227,364 195,719 219,552

Transportation and infrastructureEdit

The region is serviced by railways and highways, oil, gas and water pipelines. The communication lines that connect Russia and Azerbaijan pass through this area. 7.4% of all railways of the republic pass through the territory of the district. The total length of roads in the economic region is 1,883 kilometres (1,170 mi), which is 7.9% of the total length of roads throughout the country.[9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Lerman, Zvi; Sedik, David (2010). Rural Transitions in Azerbaijan. United States of America: Lexington Books. ISBN 978-0-7391-4318-6.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Aras, Osman; Suleyman, Elcin (2010). Azərbaycan İqtisadiyyati
  3. ^ "Azerbaijan | History, People, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2018-10-13.
  4. ^ a b c d Economy, The Republic of Azerbaijan Ministry of (2014-12-03). "Quba-Xaçmaz iqtisadi rayonu 2017 - The Republic of Azerbaijan Ministry of Economy". www.economy.gov.az. Retrieved 2018-10-13.
  5. ^ a b c "Guba-Khachmaz Economic Region". International Geographer. 2012-12-05. Retrieved 2018-10-13.
  6. ^ "Population | The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2018-10-13.
  7. ^ "The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2018-10-15.
  8. ^ "Tourism | The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  9. ^ "Губа-Хачмазский экономический район — Azərbaycan Regional İnkişaf Mərkəzi". azregionaldevelopment.az (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-10-18.

External linksEdit