Shabran District

Shabran District (Azerbaijani: Şabran rayonu) is one of the 66 districts of Azerbaijan. It is located in the north-east of the country and belongs to the Quba-Khachmaz Economic Region. The district borders the districts of Khachmaz, Quba, Khizi and Siyazan. Its capital and largest city is Shabran. As of 2020, the district had a population of 59,900.[2]

Shabran District
Map of Azerbaijan showing Shabran District
Map of Azerbaijan showing Shabran District
Country Azerbaijan
RegionQuba-Khachmaz
Established8 August 1930
CapitalShabran
Settlements[1]69
Area
 • Total1,090 km2 (420 sq mi)
Population
 • Total59,900
 • Density55/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+4 (AZT)
Postal code
1700
Websitewww.shabran-ih.gov.az
Orchards north of Gəndov

HistoryEdit

The district was formed as Davachi District on August 8, 1930. It was abolished and included into Absheron District in 1963, however, two years later, the district was re-established. In 1992, the new Siazan District was formed south of modern Shabran District by the order of the National Assembly of Azerbaijan, which included part of Davachi District's territory. In 2010, the district was renamed Shabran District.[3]

GeographyEdit

The greater part of the district is mountainous. The Caspian Sea is located 12 km from Shabran city. The district borders upon Quba, Khachmaz, Shamakhi and Siazan Districts. Forests occupy 27000 ha in mountainous territories and plains near the Caspian Sea and they are of great importance with their climatic and natural resources for the district. The Shabran and Davachi Rivers flow through the district's territory, and the Valvalachay and Gilgilchay Rivers flow in northern and southern borders directly to the Caspian Sea. Samur-Davachi lowland has an altitude of −28 m below the world ocean level.[4]

Shabran District is located in the north-eastern part of the Greater Caucasus. There are also mud volcanoes in the area. Breeds of the Cretaceous, Paleogene and Neogene periods spread in mountainous parts, but breeds of Anthropogenic period spread in low-lying parts. The territory is rich of oil, gas, gravel, sand, clay and other natural resources. Medicinal mineral waters, “Galaalty” sanatorium, high-temperature Khaltan springs are broadly used by the population.

The climate in low-lands and low-mountainous parts is warm and subtropical, but in mountainous is mild cold. Summer of the district is dry and the amount of annual precipitation is not more than 300–600 mm. Brown mountainous-forest, mountainous-chestnut, light-chestnut soils spread in mountainous, but alkaline, grey, brown and other soils spread in low-lying parts. There are sandstones on the seashore. Vegetation cover consists of bush tangles, rare forest meadows, semi-deserts covered with glades or semi-deserts covered both with glades and saline. The district is rich for its fauna and birds of various species.[5]

PopulationEdit

According to the annual report of the State Statistical Committee, every year the total number of population is increasing. In comparison to 2010, the statistic indicator for the population raised by 6,500 thousand and reached 58,700 people in 2018.[6] There is an increase of approximately 12.5 percent.[6] 29,900 of the population is men and 28,800 percent is women.[7] At the beginning of 2018, the number of young people in age 14–29 in the region is 15,100 people. Among these, 7.8 are men and 7.3 are women.[8]

The population of Shabran (at the beginning of the year, thousand persons) [6]
Region 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Shabran region 46,4 46,8 47,3 47,8 48,2 48,7 49,3 49,9 50,5 51,3 52,2 53,0 53,9 54,7 55,5 56,3 57,2 58,0 58,7
urban population 20,4 20,5 20,7 20,9 21,1 21,3 21,5 21,7 21,9 22,2 22,6 23,0 23,3 23,6 24,0 24,2 24,5 24,8 25,1
rural population 26,0 26,3 26,6 26,9 27,1 27,4 27,8 28,2 28,6 29,1 29,6 30,0 30,6 31,1 31,5 32,1 32,7 33,2 33,6

The majority of the population in the district are Azerbaijanis (54,942), the second biggest ethnic group are Tats. According to the 2009 census, the ethnic distribution is as below:[9]

Ethnic group Quantity(according to 2009 census)
Azerbaijani 54 942
Tat ethnic group 1 967
Turkish 1 376
Lezgi 70
Russians 32
tatar 8
Ukrainian 2
Other 17
total 58.300

Economy of districtEdit

According to 2014 data Overall production reaches 165902.4 thousand manats. The main sectors of this district are building (42107.9 manats) and agriculture (83113.8 manats). The overall income of the district is 4561.3 thousand manats and spending equals 11825.6 thousand manats according to the 2014 statistic.[10]

Historical monumentsEdit

One of the oldest monument is Chirag Gala in the Charmin Village.  It's located on a 1,232 metres (4,042 ft) slope and was built in the fifth-sixth centuries.[11]

The Silk Road passed through the territory of the modern district, including its capital Shabran. It was one of the locations for caravans of camels to stay and rest.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "İnzibati-ərazi vahidləri" (PDF). preslib.az. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Population of Azerbaijan". stat.gov.az. State Statistics Committee. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  3. ^ "Azerbaijani region to be renamed". news.az. Archived from the original on 2010-04-04.
  4. ^ "Shabran". discoverazerbaijan.az.
  5. ^ a b "Девечинский район". azerbaijan.az.
  6. ^ a b c Samadov (www.anarsamadov.net), Anar. "Population". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  7. ^ "Political division, population size and structure: Population by sex, towns and regions, urban settlements of the Republic of Azerbaijan at the beginning of the 2018". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  8. ^ "Political division, population size and structure: Population at age 14-29 by towns and regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan at the beginning of the 2018". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ [2]
  11. ^ Quliyev, Nurbala. Bura Gülüstani-İrəm torpağıdır.

Coordinates: 41°12′N 49°00′E / 41.200°N 49.000°E / 41.200; 49.000