Guandu River (Rio de Janeiro)

The Guandu River is a river of Rio de Janeiro state in southeastern Brazil. This river together with the Paraíba do Sul River are the most important in the Rio de Janeiro state.[2]

Guandu River
Rio Guandu.jpg
Location
CountryBrazil
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationRio de Janeiro state
MouthAtlantic Ocean
 ⁃ coordinates
22°57′S 43°45′W / 22.950°S 43.750°W / -22.950; -43.750Coordinates: 22°57′S 43°45′W / 22.950°S 43.750°W / -22.950; -43.750
Length108.5 km (67.4 mi)[1]

The river supplies water to 9 million people in Greater Rio de Janeiro.[3] Many tributaries of the river rise in the 4,398 hectares (10,870 acres) Mendanha State Park, created in 2013.[4] An aqueduct carries the water across the Pedra Branca State Park to Rio's south zone.[5]

PollutionEdit

Guandu river is heavily polluted since it receives everything from raw sewage to industrial waste throughout its course.[6]

The pollution problem is so serious that it threatens the water supply of the Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area. CEDAE, the water and sewer company of the state, recognizes that the problem is very serious. CEDAE also admits that because of the high levels of pollution, purification of Guandu's waters is a challenge.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.ufrrj.br/laboratorio/parasitologia/arquivos/publicacao/6_LIVRO.pdf
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-09-30. Retrieved 2009-08-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ http://rjtv.globo.com/Jornalismo/RJTV/0,,MUL122002-9098,00-O+GIGANTE+GUANDU.html
  4. ^ Parque Estadual do Mendanha (in Portuguese), INEA, retrieved 2017-01-15
  5. ^ "Programão do RJTV tem visita ao Parque da Pedra Branca", G1 Globo (in Portuguese), 20 February 2016, retrieved 2017-01-12
  6. ^ http://rjtv.globo.com/Jornalismo/RJTV/0,,MUL122002-9098,00-O+GIGANTE+GUANDU.html
  7. ^ http://www.radiobras.gov.br/materia.phtml?materia=67495&editoria=NA[permanent dead link]