Grote of Jacobijnerkerk
|Grote of Jacobijnerkerk|
Grote of Jacobijnerkerk
|Sect||Protestant Church in the Netherlands|
|Location||Jacobijnerkerkhof 95, Leeuwarden, Netherlands|
The church was built in the 13th century. The building was originally part of the Dominican (Jacobin) monastery founded in 1245. It is Leeuwarden's oldest building. In 1256 the famous theologian Albertus Magnus visited the monastery and preached in the church. In 1392 the building was damaged by a fire. It was restored in 1394. An aisle was added in 1504. The church was extended to the west with a bay that was completed in 1521. There was a major restoration in the years 1971-1976. In 1972 remnants of murals appeared. These murals were completed in 1575 and over-painted in 1578 during the Reformation. The Diet in the church on 17 April 1581 was requested by William the Silent. A memorial was unveiled by Arno Brok on 17 April 2018. It is a bronze relief by sculptor Eric Claus.
The main organ (three manuals, 37 stops) of the Grote Kerk is one of the most beautiful sounding baroque organs of the Netherlands. It was built by the Amsterdam organ builder Christian Müller in 1727. The choir organ was built in 1977 by Vermeulen and a third organ was built by Metzler Orgelbau.
People buried in the royal cryptEdit
- Countess Anna of Nassau (1588)
- William Louis, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg (1620)
- Ernest Casimir I, Count of Nassau-Dietz (1632)
- Henry Casimir I of Nassau-Dietz (1640)
- Sophia Hedwig of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1642)
- William Frederick, Prince of Nassau-Dietz (1664)
- Countess Albertine Agnes of Nassau (1696)
- Henry Casimir II, Prince of Nassau-Dietz (1696)
- Landgravine Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel (1765)
Stained glass windowsEdit
A number of stained glass windows were installed in the choir. Three of them refer to the period of the Frisian Nassaus and were made by Cor Reisma in 1957. The rightmost window was designed by artist Dick Osinga and made by Willem Bogtman in 1963. This is the "Wilhelmina window" and represents the resurrection of the Dutch people from World War II and the reconstruction. Under this window a plaque was placed in 2005 in memory of Queen Juliana. During the restoration in the period 1972-1978 two more windows were added. These were made by Jos de Ridder. The window on the left is the "William Louis window". The "Marie Louise window" is placed on the right.
- Haersma Buma, pp. 8-10.
- History grotekerkleeuwarden.nl Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- Haersma Buma, pp. 22-23.
- Relief William the Silent Leeuwarder Courant. 17 April 2018. Retrieved on 25 April 2018.
- Haersma Buma, p. 22.
- Crypt grotekerkleeuwarden.nl Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- Windows grotekerkleeuwarden.nl Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- (in Dutch) Grote Kerk Leeuwarden, official website
|Dutch Rijksmonument 24225|
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