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Georgi (Grisha) Stanchev Filipov (Bulgarian: Георги (Гриша) Станчев Филипов) (July 13, 1919 in Kadievka, Ukraine – November 2, 1994 in Sofia, Bulgaria) was a leading member of the Bulgarian Communist Party.
|38th Prime Minister of Bulgaria|
16 June 1981 – 21 March 1986
|Preceded by||Stanko Todorov|
|Succeeded by||Georgi Atanasov|
|Born||13 July 1919|
Kadievka, Present-day Ukraine
|Died||2 November 1994 (aged 75)|
|Political party||Bulgarian Communist Party|
He was born in the small town of Kadievka, Ukraine, to a family of Bulgarian immigrants. In 1936, he and his family returned to Bulgaria, where Filipov studied at Lovech High School. Although he spoke the Bulgarian language fluently he did so with a heavy Russian accent, a fact that would make him somewhat unpopular amongst the wider Bulgarian population in later years. From 1938 to 1940 he was a student at Sofia University. He became a member of the Bulgarian Communist Party in 1940 and took an active part in the anti-fascist struggle of the Bulgarian students, for which he was arrested in 1942 and sentenced first to 12 and then to 15 years in prison. After the fall of fascism in 1944 he held politically sensitive posts and graduated in industrial economy and trade in Moscow (1951). He became a member of the Central Committee of the BCP in 1966, and in 1974, a member of the Politburo. From 1971 to 1981 and from 1986 to 1989 he was a member of the State Council of Bulgaria. Filipov became recognised as a leading economic expert in the Bulgarian government and became associated with the tendency that was sympathetic towards economic liberalisation.
Filipov was very close to Todor Zhivkov and was regularly touted as a potential successor. A leading member of the Politburo, he formed the 77th Bulgarian government on 16 June 1981 following elections to the National Assembly. He held the post until 21 March 1986 when Zhivkov replaced him with Georgi Atanasov. The move, which took place against the backdrop of reforms being brought in by Mikhail Gorbachev, was characterised as a cosmetic gesture aimed to create the illusion of change rather than a Bulgarian version of glasnost and perestroika.
After the fall of the socialist system in 1989 he was removed from all political posts and on 24 April 1990 he was expelled from the BCP.
- Teresa Rakowska-Harmstone, Communism in Eastern Europe, Indiana University Press, 1984, p. 202
- Martin McCauley, Stephen Carter, Leadership and Succession in the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, and China, M.E. Sharpe, 1986, p. 153
- Rakowska-Harmstone, Communism in Eastern Europe, pp. 201-202
- Europa Publications Limited, Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, Routledge, 1998, p. 239
- Bernd Jürgen Fischer, Balkan Strongmen: Dictators and Authoritarian Rulers of South Eastern Europe, Purdue University Press, 2007, p. 383
- Ian Jeffries, A Guide to the Economies in Transition, Routledge, 1996, p. 390
- A Bulgarian prime minister vanishes on Vitosha, 24 Chasa, 10.07.2009, accessed on 11.08.2013 (in Bulgarian)
- Tashev, T. Министрите на България 1879 - 1999 (Ministers in Bulgaria 1879 - 1999). Marin Drinov Academic Publishing House, 1999.
- Tsurakov, A. Енциклопедия Правителствата на България 1879 - 2005 (Encyclopedia of Bulgarian Ministers, 1879 - 2005). Petr Beron, 2005.
| Prime Minister of Bulgaria
16 June 1981 - 21 March 1986