Grip Stave Church

Grip Stave Church (Norwegian: Grip stavkyrkje) is a historic parish church of the Church of Norway in Kristiansund Municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It is located in the now-abandoned fishing village of Grip on the small island of Grip about 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) northwest of the town of Kristiansund. It is an annex church for the Kristiansund parish which is part of the Ytre Nordmøre prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Møre. The white, wooden church was built in a rectangular stave church style in 1470 by an unknown architect.[1][2][3]

Grip Stave Church
Grip stavkyrkje
Grip stavkirke.jpg
View of the church
63°13′11″N 7°35′38″E / 63.219730922°N 7.5939071775°E / 63.219730922; 7.5939071775Coordinates: 63°13′11″N 7°35′38″E / 63.219730922°N 7.5939071775°E / 63.219730922; 7.5939071775
LocationKristiansund,
Møre og Romsdal
CountryNorway
DenominationChurch of Norway
Previous denominationCatholic Church
ChurchmanshipEvangelical Lutheran
History
StatusParish church
Foundedc. 1470
Consecratedc. 1470
Architecture
Functional statusPreserved
(Used in summer)
Architectural typeMøre type stave church
Completedc. 1470
(552 years ago)
 (1470)
Specifications
MaterialsWood
Administration
DioceseMøre bispedømme
DeaneryYtre Nordmøre prosti
ParishKristiansund
TypeChurch
StatusAutomatically protected
ID84428

With only one nave that is 12 metres (39 ft) long, 6.5 metres (21 ft) wide, and 6 metres (20 ft) high, it is one of Norway's smallest churches. The priest no longer lived in the parish after the year 1635, but regularly visited the island. Grip has been an annex to the Kristiansund church parish since 1967. The church is also one of the most remote of the existing stave churches in Norway since it sits on a small island about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) off the mainland coast.[4]

Located in a now-abandoned fishing village, the church is only used in the summer season, when both summer residents and tourists attend worship services every third Sunday, led by a priest from Kristiansund.

HistoryEdit

The church was built in around the year 1470 at the island's highest point, about 8 metres (26 ft) above sea level. The church is a Møre type stave church, being structurally similar to the larger Kvernes and Rødven stave churches. Because of the barren nature of the island, there is no cemetery on the church grounds, and bodies had to be buried elsewhere, such as in the cemetery of Bremsnes Church, over 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) away over open sea. In 1621, the church underwent major modifications when portions of the walls were rebuilt and a flèche was added.[5][6]

In 1814, this church served as an election church (Norwegian: valgkirke).[7][8] Together with more than 300 other parish churches across Norway, it was a polling station for elections to the 1814 Norwegian Constituent Assembly which wrote the Constitution of Norway. This was Norway's first national elections. Each church parish was a constituency that elected people called "electors" who later met together in each county to elect the representatives for the assembly that was to meet in Eidsvoll later that year.[7][9]

New windows were installed in the 1870s, and at the same time both a weaponhouse and a sacristy were added. During restoration work in 1933 led by John Tverdahl, a new foundation was added and the exterior walls were panelled. Today, most of the walls and roof are still original to the stave church. A 1972 proposal to relocate the church did not materialize. In 2007, the roof and spire were restored and some of the paneling was replaced.[5][6][10]

InteriorEdit

AltarEdit

The altar is a triptych from Utrecht in the Netherlands, dated to about 1520, with a central sculpture of the Blessed Virgin Mary, flanked by sculptures of Saint Olaf of Norway and Saint Margaret the Virgin, locally known as St. Maret.[6]

According to legend, the triptych is one of five altars donated to Norwegian churches by princess Isabella of Austria after being escorted by Erik Valkendorf, Archbishop of Norway, in terrible weather en route to her wedding in Copenhagen with the Danish king Christian II in 1515. Other altars were donated to the churches of Kinn, Leka, Hadsel and Røst. The five altars are referred to by art historians as the Leka group. Four of the altars have survived intact to this day, but Grip has the only complete altar in the original church.[6]

Despite having sculptures of three saints, the altar survived the protestant reformation of Norway in 1537. The altar was restored in 2002.[10]

OrganEdit

A new pipe organ from the Netherlands with 270 wooden pipes was donated in 2006, which due to humid weather conditions will only be installed in the church during the summer season. The rest of the year, the organ is in use in Kirkelandet Church.[6]

ArtEdit

The church also has a small altar cup from 1320, a 16th-century double-sided painting on canvas, murals from the 1621 modifications, and two votive ships.[6]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Grip stavkirke". Kirkesøk: Kirkebyggdatabasen. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Oversikt over Nåværende Kirker" (in Norwegian). KirkeKonsulenten.no. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  3. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Grip Stavkirke" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 22 November 2010.
  4. ^ "Grip" (in Norwegian). Stavkirke.info. Retrieved 22 November 2010.
  5. ^ a b "Grip kirkested – Grip stavkirke" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Directorate for Cultural Heritage. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Grip stavkirke". Norges-Kirker.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 14 July 2021.
  7. ^ a b "Valgkirkene". LokalHistorieWiki.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 14 July 2021.
  8. ^ "Valgkartet". Valgene i 1814 (in Norwegian). Arkivverket. Archived from the original on 24 June 2021. Retrieved 14 July 2021.
  9. ^ "Om valgene". Valgene i 1814 (in Norwegian). Arkivverket. Archived from the original on 24 June 2021. Retrieved 14 July 2021.
  10. ^ a b Church of Norway. "Grip kirke" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 22 November 2010.

Further readingEdit

  • Anker, Leif (2005). The Norwegian Stave Churches. Oslo: Arfo Forlag. ISBN 9788291399294.
  • Hauglid, Roar (1970). Norwegian Stave Churches. Oslo: Dreyers Forlag. ISBN 9788209106020.

External linksEdit