|Release date||April 1982|
|Operating system||CCOS (Compass Computer Operating System), optionally MS-DOS 2|
|Memory||340 KB magnetic bubble|
|Display||320 × 240|
|Connectivity||19-pin "serial", Telephone line+Audio 1,200 bit/s modem, GPIB|
|Successor||Grid GridCase 3|
The design used a clamshell case (where the screen folds flat to the rest of the computer when closed), which was made from a magnesium alloy. The computer featured an Intel 8086 processor, a 320 × 240-pixel electroluminescent display, 340-kilobyte magnetic bubble memory, and a 1,200 bit/s modem. Devices such as hard drives and floppy drives could be connected via the IEEE-488 I/O (also known as the GPIB or General Purpose Instrumentation Bus). This port made it possible to connect multiple devices to the addressable device bus. It weighed 5 kg (11 lb). The power input is ~110/220 V AC, 47–66 Hz, 75 W.
The Compass ran its own operating system, GRiD-OS. Its specialized software and high price (US$8,000–$10,000) meant that it was limited to specialized applications. The main buyer was the U.S. government. NASA used it on the Space Shuttle during the early 1980s, as it was powerful, lightweight, and compact. The military Special Forces also purchased the machine, as it could be used by paratroopers in combat.
Along with the Gavilan SC and Sharp PC-5000 released the following year, the GRiD Compass established much of the basic design of subsequent laptop computers, although the laptop concept itself owed much to the Dynabook project developed at Xerox PARC from the late 1960s. The Compass company subsequently earned significant returns on its patent rights as its innovations became commonplace.
Development began in 1979 and the initial model, the 1101, was introduced in April 1982; the model 1100 did not exist, except in marketing materials. The computer was designed by British industrial designer Bill Moggridge.
The portable Osborne 1 computer sold at around the same time as the GRiD, was more affordable and more popular, and ran the popular CP/M operating system. But, unlike the Compass, the Osborne was not a laptop and lacked the Compass's refinement and small size.
- "World's first laptop. Osborne 1 GRiD Compass 1101". The Longest list of the longest stuff at the longest domain name at long last. Retrieved 2009-05-19.
- Dave. "Old computers". Retrieved 2009-05-19.
- "GRiD Compass 1101". oldcomputers.net.
- "Pioneering the Laptop – The GRiD Compass", YouTube, Google.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to GRiD Systems Corporation.|
- Clare, GRiDs in Space, Net magic, archived from the original on 2008-06-25
- GRiD Compass, old-computers.com
- Hrothgar, "GRiD Compass", Cool Old Junk, Total
- InfoWorld Aug 2, 1982
- InfoWorld Nov 8, 1982
- Smithsonian Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum. "GRiD Compass". Smithsonian Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- GRiD Compass 1100, 360 degree model, Russian Vintage Laptop Museum
- Video about GRiD Compass