Grgar (pronounced [ˈɡəɾɡaɾ]; Italian: Gargaro) is a village in western Slovenia in the Municipality of Nova Gorica. It is located under Holy Mount (Slovene: Sveta gora), above the Soča Valley and below the Banjšice Plateau.
|Traditional region||Slovenian Littoral|
|• Total||16.87 km2 (6.51 sq mi)|
|Elevation||297.4 m (975.7 ft)|
Grgar was mentioned in written sources c. 1370 as Gaergaer and in 1389 as Grêgôr. For phonological and morphological reasons, the latter transcription appears to be a hypercorrection and not connected with Saint Gregory or the name Gregor 'Gregory'. Instead, the name may be derived from another Romance base, perhaps *gregārius 'shepherd'.
Grgar is the site of two known mass graves associated with the Second World War. The Podgomila Shaft Mass Grave (Slovene: Grobišče Brezno Podgomila), also known as the Miljavec Shaft Mass Grave (Grobišče Miljavčev brezen), is located on the left side of the road to Grgarske Ravne, about 1 kilometer (0.62 mi) north of Grgar. It contains the remains of Home Guard and Italian prisoners of war, and Slovene and Italian civilians murdered in May 1945. The Jošč Shaft Mass Grave (Grobišče Joščevo brezno) is located on the left side of the road to Grgarske Ravne, about 1 kilometer (0.62 mi) north of Grgar. It contains the remains of unknown victims.
Notable people that were born or lived in Grgar include:
- Matej Bor, pen name of Vladimir Pavšič (1913–1993), poet
- Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
- Nova Gorica municipal site
- Snoj, Marko (2009). Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan. p. 153.
- Ferenc, Mitja (December 2009). "Grobišče Brezno Podgomila". Geopedia (in Slovenian). Ljubljana: Služba za vojna grobišča, Ministrstvo za delo, družino in socialne zadeve. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
- Ferenc, Mitja (December 2009). "Grobišče Joščevo brezno". Geopedia (in Slovenian). Ljubljana: Služba za vojna grobišča, Ministrstvo za delo, družino in socialne zadeve. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
- Marušič, Lanko. "Jamski objekti v Grgarju." (in Slovene)
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Koper List of Churches May 2008 Archived 2009-03-06 at the Wayback Machine
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