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Greenwich (UK Parliament constituency)

Greenwich was a parliamentary constituency in south-east London, which returned Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the UK Parliament from 1832 to 1997 (by the first past the post system).

Greenwich
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
CountyGreater London
18321885
Number of membersTwo
Replaced byDeptford, Greenwich, Lewisham and Woolwich
Created fromKent
18851997
Number of membersOne
Replaced byGreenwich & Woolwich
Created fromGreenwich

Contents

HistoryEdit

From 1832 until 1885 it was a two-member constituency. Its area was cut and it was reduced to a seat under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 associated with the Reform Act 1884. For the 1997 general election, it was merged with part of the former Woolwich constituency to form the Greenwich and Woolwich seat.

 
Greenwich in the Metropolitan Board of Works area, 1885–1918
 
Greenwich in the County of London 1918–49
 
wards of Greenwich Metropolitan Borough in 1916
 
Greenwich in the County of London 1950–74

Its history is dominated by the area's strong maritime tradition. Its most prominent claim to fame was as the seat of William Ewart Gladstone between 1868 and 1880, and it also achieved prominence in the 1987 Greenwich by-election, when the SDP won a surprise victory.

BoundariesEdit

1885-1918: The parishes of Greenwich, St Nicholas, Deptford, Charlton, and Kidbrooke.

1918-1974: The Metropolitan Borough of Greenwich.

1974-1983: The London Borough of Greenwich wards of Blackheath, Charlton, Eastcombe, Hornfair, Kidbrooke, Marsh, Park, Trafalgar, Vanbrugh, and West.

1983-1997: The London Borough of Greenwich wards of Blackheath, Charlton, Ferrier, Hornfair, Kidbrooke, Rectory Field, St Alfege, Trafalgar, Vanbrugh, and West.

Between 1983 and 1997, the constituency formed the western part of the Royal Borough of Greenwich.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election resultsEdit

Elections in the 1840sEdit

1841 General Election: Greenwich[7][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig James Whitley Deans Dundas 1,747 37.9
Radical Edward George Barnard 1,592 34.5
Conservative George Cockburn[8] 1,274 27.6
Turnout 2,848 74.7
Registered electors 3,811
Majority 155 3.4 N/A
Whig gain from Conservative Swing
Majority 318 6.9
Radical hold Swing

Dundas was appointed a Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 13 July 1846: Greenwich[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig James Whitley Deans Dundas Unopposed
Whig hold
1847 General Election: Greenwich[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig James Whitley Deans Dundas 2,409 46.7 +8.8
Radical Edward George Barnard 1,511 29.3 −5.2
Radical David Salomons 1,236 24.0 N/A
Turnout 2,578 (est) 49.7 (est) −25.0
Registered electors 5,187
Majority 1,173 22.8 +19.4
Whig hold Swing +7.0
Radical hold Swing −7.0

Elections in the 1850sEdit

Barnard's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 28 June 1851: Greenwich[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Radical David Salomons 2,165 62.9 +38.9
Radical David Williams Wire[9][5] 1,278 37.1 N/A
Majority 887 25.8 N/A
Turnout 3,443 57.2 +7.5
Registered electors 6,022
Radical hold Swing N/A

Dundas resigned after being appointed Commander of the Mediterranean Fleet, causing a by-election.

By-election, 11 February 1852: Greenwich[7][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Houston Stewart 2,956 70.9 +24.2
Radical Montague Chambers 1,211 29.1 −24.2
Majority 1,745 41.9 +19.1
Turnout 4,167 66.1 +16.4
Registered electors 6,308
Whig hold Swing +24.2
1852 General Election: Greenwich[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Rolt 2,415 30.6 N/A
Radical Montague Chambers 2,360 29.9 +0.6
Whig Houston Stewart 2,026 25.6 −41.1
Radical David Salomons 1,102 13.9 −10.1
Turnout 5,159 (est) 81.8 (est) +32.1
Registered electors 6,308
Majority 55 0.7 N/A
Conservative gain from Whig Swing N/A
Majority 334 4.2 N/A
Radical hold Swing +10.6

Rolt resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 9 February 1857: Greenwich[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig William Codrington 2,975 65.8 +30.2
Radical Arthur B. Sleigh[11] 1,543 34.2 −9.6
Majority 1,432 31.7 N/A
Turnout 4,518 57.3 −24.5
Registered electors 7,888
Whig gain from Conservative Swing +19.9
1857 General Election: Greenwich[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig William Codrington 2,985 38.1 +12.5
Radical John Townsend 2,784 35.5 +21.6
Radical Montague Chambers 2,065 26.4 −3.5
Majority 719 9.2 N/A
Turnout 3,917 (est) 49.7 (est) −32.1
Registered electors 7,888
Whig gain from Conservative Swing +1.8
Radical hold Swing +4.6

Townsend resigned after becoming a bankrupt, also leading to his suspension from the House of Commons.

By-election, 16 February 1859: Greenwich[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Radical David Salomons 3,444 57.7 −4.2
Whig William Angerstein[5] 2,523 42.3 +4.2
Majority 921 15.4 N/A
Turnout 5,967 75.1 +25.4
Registered electors 7,942
Radical hold Swing −4.2
1859 General Election: Greenwich[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Salomons 3,873 38.2 N/A
Liberal William Angerstein 3,520 34.7 N/A
Liberal Montague Chambers 1,718 16.9 −9.5
Conservative John Heron-Maxwell 1,031 10.2 N/A
Majority 1,802 17.8 +8.6
Turnout 5,587 (est) 70.3 (est) +20.6
Registered electors 7,942
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1860sEdit

1865 General Election: Greenwich[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Salomons 4,499 41.6 +3.4
Liberal Charles Tilston Bright 3,691 34.1 N/A
Conservative John Heron-Maxwell 2,328 21.5 +16.4
Radical Liberal Baxter Langley 190 1.8 N/A
Conservative Douglas Harris[12] 116 1.1 −4.0
Majority 1,363 12.6 −5.2
Turnout 6,518 (est) 66.5 (est) −3.8
Registered electors 9,805
Liberal hold Swing −1.4
Liberal hold Swing N/A
1868 General Election: Greenwich[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Salomons 6,684 30.2 −11.4
Liberal William Ewart Gladstone 6,386 28.8 −5.3
Conservative Henry Parker[13] 4,704 21.2 −0.3
Conservative Arthur Stanhope 4,372 19.7 +18.6
Majority 1,682 7.6 −5.0
Turnout 11,073 (est) 71.0 (est) +4.5
Registered electors 15,588
Liberal hold Swing −15.0
Liberal hold Swing −2.5

Gladstone's appointment as Prime Minister and First Lord of the Treasury caused a by-election.

By-election, 21 December 1868: Greenwich[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Ewart Gladstone Unopposed
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1870sEdit

Salomons' death caused a by-election.

By-election, 4 Aug 1873: Greenwich[7][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Thomas Boord 4,525 54.2 +13.3
Radical Liberal Baxter Langley[15] 2,379 28.5 N/A
Liberal William Angerstein 1,064 12.7 −46.3
Radical Liberal John Bennett[16][17] 324 3.9 N/A
Liberal-Conservative Robert Coningsby[18] 27 0.3 N/A
Ind. Conservative Henry Pook[19] 27 0.3 N/A
Majority 2,146 25.7 N/A
Turnout 8,346 52.2 −18.8
Registered electors 15,990
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +29.8
1874 General Election: Greenwich[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Thomas Boord 6,193 27.0 +5.8
Liberal William Ewart Gladstone 5,968 26.0 −2.8
Conservative John Evelyn Liardet[20] 5,561 24.2 +4.5
Liberal Baxter Langley 5,255 22.9 −7.3
Turnout 11,489 (est) 65.3 (est) −5.7
Registered electors 17,599
Majority 225 1.0 N/A
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +6.6
Majority 407 1.8 −5.8
Liberal hold Swing −3.7

Elections in the 1880sEdit

1880 General Election: Greenwich[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Thomas Boord 9,243 26.6 −0.4
Conservative Henry de Worms 9,240 26.6 +2.4
Liberal James Ebenezer Saunders[21] 8,152 23.4 −2.6
Liberal William Henry Stone[22] 8,141 23.4 +0.5
Majority 1,088 3.1 +2.1
Turnout 17,388 (est) 78.5 (est) +13.2
Registered electors 22,161
Conservative hold Swing −0.5
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +2.5
1885 General Election: Greenwich[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Thomas Boord 3,317 52.8 −0.4
Liberal Herbert Watney 2,961 47.2 +0.4
Majority 356 5.6 +2.5
Turnout 6,278 72.7 −5.8 (est)
Registered electors 8,632
Conservative hold Swing −0.4
1886 General Election: Greenwich[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Thomas Boord 3,240 55.9 +3.1
Liberal George Crispe Whiteley 2,551 44.1 -3.1
Majority 689 11.8 +6.2
Turnout 5,791 67.1 -5.6
Registered electors 8,632
Conservative hold Swing +3.1

Elections in the 1890sEdit

1892 General Election: Greenwich[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Thomas Boord 4,200 52.0 -3.9
Liberal George Crispe Whiteley 3,877 48.0 +3.9
Majority 323 4.0 -7.8
Turnout 8,077 78.8 +11.7
Registered electors 10,256
Conservative hold Swing -3.9
1895 General Election: Greenwich[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hugh Cecil 4,802 57.4 +5.4
Liberal George Crispe Whiteley 3,564 42.6 -5.4
Majority 1,238 14.8 +10.8
Turnout 8,366 76.8 -2.0
Registered electors 10,899
Conservative hold Swing +5.4

Elections in the 1900sEdit

 
Jackson
1900 General Election: Greenwich[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hugh Cecil 5,454 61.0 +3.6
Liberal Richard Jackson 3,484 39.0 −3.6
Majority 1,970 22.0 +7.2
Turnout 8,938 73.0 −3.8
Registered electors 12,247
Conservative hold Swing +3.6
1906 General Election: Greenwich[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Richard Jackson 4,906 45.3 +6.3
Ind. Conservative Ion Hamilton Benn 3,565 32.9 N/A
Conservative Hugh Cecil 2,356 21.8 −39.2
Majority 1,341 12.4 N/A
Turnout 10,827 83.0 +10.0
Registered electors 13,049
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +22.8
  • Cecil was a free-trader and Benn was a supporter of tariff reform

Elections in the 1910sEdit

January 1910 General Election: Greenwich[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ion Hamilton Benn 6,284 55.3 +33.5
Liberal Richard Jackson 5,083 44.7 -0.6
Majority 1,201 10.6 -1.8
Turnout 13,153 86.4 +3.4
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +17.0
December 1910 General Election: Greenwich[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ion Hamilton Benn 5697 57.9 +2.6
Liberal John William Harris 4146 42.1 -2.6
Majority 1,551 15.8 +5.2
Turnout 13,153 74.8 -11.6
Conservative hold Swing +2.6
General Election 1918: Greenwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Ion Hamilton Benn 14,576 69.3 +11.4
Labour James Bermingham 6,471 30.7 N/A
Majority 8,105 38.6 +22.8
Turnout 21,047 48.1 −26.7
Registered electors 43,756
Unionist hold Swing N/A
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920sEdit

 
Hopwood Hume
General Election 1922: Greenwich [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist George Hume 16,934 60.9 −8.4
Labour Edward Timothy Palmer 10,860 39.1 +8.4
Majority 6,074 21.8 −16.8
Turnout 27,794 60.4 +12.3
Registered electors 46,005
Unionist hold Swing −8.4
General Election 1923: Greenwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Edward Timothy Palmer 12,314 42.7 +3.6
Unionist George Hume 10,746 37.2 −23.7
Liberal Charles Garfield Lott Du Cann 5,806 20.1 N/A
Majority 1,568 5.5 N/A
Turnout 28,866 61.8 +1.4
Registered electors 46,741
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +13.7
General Election 29 October 1924: Greenwich [25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist George Hume 18,473 51.5 +14.3
Labour Edward Timothy Palmer 17,409 48.5 +5.8
Majority 1,064 3.0 N/A
Turnout 35,882 75.2 +13.4
Registered electors 47,716
Unionist gain from Labour Swing +4.3
General Election 30 May 1929: Greenwich [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Edward Timothy Palmer 20,328 46.3 −2.2
Unionist George Hume 16,710 38.1 −13.4
Liberal W P Campbell 6,870 15.6 N/A
Majority 3,618 8.2 N/A
Turnout 43,908 70.4 −4.8
Registered electors 62,342
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +5.6

Elections in the 1930sEdit

General Election 1931: Greenwich [27][28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Hume 29,278 65.03 +26.9
Labour Edward Timothy Palmer 13,722 30.48 -15.8
Communist Kath Duncan 2,024 4.50 N/A
Majority 15,556 34.6 N/A
Turnout 45,024 71.03 +0.6
Registered electors 63,385
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +21.35
General Election 1935: Greenwich[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Hume 22,526 52.43 -12.60
Labour Co-op Joseph Reeves 20,436 47.57 +17.09
Majority 2,090 3.51 -31.04
Turnout 49,213 67.79 -3.24
Registered electors 72,599
Conservative hold Swing -14.85

Elections in the 1940sEdit

General Election 1945: Greenwich[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Joseph Reeves 22,078 65.60 +18.03
Conservative Augustus Agar 11,580 34.40 -18.03
Majority 10,498 31.19 N/A
Turnout 33,658 70.08 +2.20
Registered electors 48,025
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +18.03

Elections in the 1950sEdit

General Election 1950: Greenwich[31][32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Joseph Reeves 29,379 57.85 -7.75
Conservative Ronald Gilbey 18,255 35.95 +1.55
Liberal Leslie Maurice Dale 3,148 6.20 N/A
Majority 11,124 21.91 -9.28
Turnout 50,782 82.73 +12.65
Registered electors 62,132
Labour hold Swing -4.65
General Election 1951: Greenwich[33][34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Joseph Reeves 30,326 60.38 +2.53
Conservative William H Bishop 19,898 39.62 +3.67
Majority 10,428 20.76 -1.15
Turnout 50,224 80.95 -2.03
Registered electors 62,042
Labour hold Swing -0.57
General Election 1955: Greenwich[35][36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Joseph Reeves 26,423 58.84 -1.54
Conservative William F Rhodes 18,484 41.16 +1.54
Majority 7,939 17.68 -3.08
Turnout 44,907 73.24 -7.71
Registered electors 61,314
Labour hold Swing -1.54
General Election 1959: Greenwich[37][38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Richard Marsh 25,204 56.15 -2.69
Conservative J Rodney Holmes 19,679 43.85 +2.69
Majority 5,525 12.31 -5.37
Turnout 44,883 74.11 +0.87
Registered electors 60,561
Labour hold Swing -2.69

Elections in the 1960sEdit

General Election 1964: Greenwich [39][40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Richard Marsh 22,814 56.18 +0.03
Conservative John Gummer 12,592 31.01 -12.84
Liberal Michael PD Ellman 5,205 12.82 N/A
Majority 10,222 25.17 +13.14
Turnout 40,611 71.57 -2.54
Registered electors 56,742
Labour hold Swing +6.44
General Election 1966: Greenwich [41][42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Richard Marsh 24,359 64.86 +8.68
Conservative John Gummer 13,200 35.14 +4.13
Majority 11,159 29.71 +4.54
Turnout 37,559 67.70 -3.87
Registered electors 55,477
Labour hold Swing +6.41

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General Election 1970: Greenwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Richard Marsh 20,804 55.75
Conservative J Stuart Thom 13,195 35.36
Liberal Pamela Wylan 3,319 8.89
Majority 7,609 20.39
Turnout 37,318 65.66
Labour hold Swing
Greenwich by-election, 1971
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Guy Barnett 14,671 66.73 +10.98
Conservative J Stuart Thom 6,150 27.97 -7.39
Fellowship Ronald Stephen Mallone 792 3.60 n/a
Ind. Conservative Reginald Simmerson 285 1.30 n/a
Independent David Davies 89 0.40 n/a
Turnout 21,987
Majority 8,521 38.76 +18.37
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Greenwich[43][44]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Guy Barnett 20.164 51.29
Conservative Suzette Mary Tremlett Harold 11,294 28.73
Liberal Alastair James Drysdale Wilson 7,855 19.98
Majority 8,870 22.56
Turnout 39,313 75.01
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: : Greenwich[43][45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Guy Barnett 19,155 55.53 +4.24
Conservative Suzette Mary Tremlett Harold 9,249 26.81 -1.92
Liberal Alastair James Drysdale Wilson 5,838 16.92 -3.06
Independent David Green 254 0.74
Majority 9,906 28.72
Turnout 34,496 65.29
Labour hold Swing +3.08
General Election 1979: Greenwich[43][46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Guy Barnett 18,975 52.14 -3.38
Conservative Narindar Singh Saroop 12,133 33.34 +6.53
Liberal Graham Howard Knight 3,870 10.64 -6.29
National Front Helena Mary Steven 951 2.61
Fellowship Ronald Stephen Mallone 460 1.26
Majority 6,842 18.80
Turnout 36,389 70.63
Labour hold Swing -4.96

Elections in the 1980sEdit

General Election 1983: Greenwich[47]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Guy Barnett 13,361 38.2 −13.9
Conservative Arthur Rolfe 12,150 34.8 +1.5
Social Democratic T. Ford 8,783 25.1 N/A
BNP Ian Dell 259 0.7 N/A
Fellowship Ronald Mallone 242 0.7 −0.6
Communist F. Hooks 149 0.4 N/A
Majority 1,211 3.5 −15.3
Turnout 67.7 −2.9
Labour hold Swing
By-election 1987: Greenwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Social Democratic Rosie Barnes 18,287 53.0 +27.9
Labour Deirdre Wood 11,676 33.8 −4.4
Conservative John Antcliffe 3,852 11.2 −23.6
Green Graham Bell 264 0.8 n/a
Rainbow Dream Ticket Malcolm Hardee 124 0.3 n/a
BNP Ian Dell 116 0.3 −0.4
National Front Joe Pearce 103 0.3 N/A
Revolutionary Communist Kate Marshall 91 0.3 n/a
Majority 6,611 19.2 +15.7
Turnout 34,513 68.2
Social Democratic gain from Labour Swing +16.2
General Election 1987: Greenwich[48]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Social Democratic Rosie Barnes 15,149 40.6 +15.5
Labour Deirdre Wood 13,008 34.9 −3.3
Conservative John Antcliffe 8,695 23.3 −11.5
Green Jacqueline Thomas 346 0.9 +0.9
Fellowship Ronald Mallone 59 0.2 −0.5
Communist Patricia Clinton 58 0.2 −0.2
Majority 2,141 5.7 +2.3
Turnout 37,315 73.4 +5.7
Social Democratic gain from Labour Swing +9.4
  • swings relative to 1983 election, not 1987 by-election

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General Election 1992: Greenwich[49][50]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Nick Raynsford 14,630 41.0 +6.2
Independent Social Democrat Rosie Barnes 13,273 37.2 −3.4
Conservative Alison McNair 6,960 19.5 −3.8
Green Robert H.J. McCracken 483 1.4 +0.4
Fellowship Ronald Mallone 147 0.4 +0.3
Independent Malcolm Hardee 103 0.3 N/A
Natural Law John D. Small 70 0.2 N/A
Majority 1,357 3.8 −1.9
Turnout 35,666 74.6 +1.2
Labour gain from Social Democratic Swing +4.8
  • The swing for Rosie Barnes is relative to her performance in 1987.

ReferencesEdit

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  32. ^ http://tools.assembla.com/svn/grodt/uk/thc/files/marked_up/1950_marked_up.txt
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  36. ^ http://tools.assembla.com/svn/grodt/uk/thc/files/marked_up/1955_marked_up.txt
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BibliographyEdit