A green home is a type of house designed to be environmentally sustainable. Green homes focus on the efficient use of "energy, water, and building materials".[1] A green home may use sustainably sourced, environmentally friendly, and/or recycled building materials. This includes materials like reclaimed wood, recycled metal, and low VOC (volatile organic compound) paints. Additionally, green homes often prioritize energy efficiency by incorporating features, such as high-performance insulation, energy efficient appliances, and smart home technologies that monitor and optimize energy usage. Water conservation is another important aspect, with green homes often featuring water-saving fixtures, rainwater harvesting systems, and grey water recycling systems to reduce water waste. It may include sustainable energy sources such as solar or geothermal, and be sited to take maximum advantage of natural features such as sunlight and tree cover to improve energy efficiency.

An example of a green home design that is energy-efficient and has a sloped roof to divert rainwater for collection
Green housing infrastructure located in Warsaw, Poland

Elements edit

No government standards define what constitutes a green remodel, beyond non-profit certification. In general, a green home is a house that is built or remodeled in order to conserve "energy or water; improve indoor air quality; use sustainable, recycled or used materials; and produce less waste in the process." This may include buying more energy-efficient appliances or employing building materials that are more efficient in managing temperature.[2]

History edit

United States edit

In the United States, the green building movement began in the 1970s, after the price of oil began to increase sharply. In response, researchers began to look into more energy efficient systems. Nevertheless, individuals required persistence to navigate the bewildering array of incomplete and imperfect information that was the wilderness frontier of what is now known as green building. In 1999, Richard and Katherine Homan began building Dallas, Texas' first comprehensive green home. [3] It took until 2012 for the city to issue a proclamation for having the city’s first comprehensive green home.

Many organizations were founded in the 1990s to promote green buildings. Some organizations worked to improve consumer knowledge so that they could have more green homes. The International Code Council and the National Association of Home Builders began working in 2006 to create a "voluntary green home building standard".[4]

The Energy Policy Act was enacted in 2005, which allowed tax reductions for homeowners who could show the use of energy efficient changes to their homes, such as solar panels and other solar-powered devices.[5]

Certifications edit

Various types of certifications certify a home as a green home. The U.S. Green Building Council is an example of an organization that gives out green home certifications.[6] Its certification is titled as Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design. The factors that it considers include "the site location, use of energy and water, incorporation of healthier building and insulation materials, recycling, use of renewable energy, and protection of natural resources".[7]

The US National Association of Home Builders independently created its Model Green Home Building Guidelines as a type of certification, along with programs for utilities.[8][9]

The Indian Green Building Council (IGBC), part of the Confederation of Indian Industry was formed in the year 2001. The council offers a wide array of services that include developing new green building rating programmes, certification services and green building training programmes.

References edit

  1. ^ Roberts, Jennifer (2003). Good green homes. Gibbs Smith. ISBN 9781423612056. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  2. ^ Jennifer Alsever (June 5, 2007). "Green home remodeling still a gray area". NBC News. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  3. ^ East Kessler neighbor honored for ‘first comprehensive green home’ in Dallas Accessed Jun 28, 2022
  4. ^ Queen, Bill; Lori Hall Steele; John Barrows; Lisa Iannucci (2009). The Complete Idiot's Guide to Green Building and Remodeling. Penguin. ISBN 9781440658518. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  5. ^ Matt Woolsey (March 7, 2007). "Groundbreaking Green Home Tax Breaks". Forbes. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  6. ^ Janet Frankston (April 10, 2004). "Some buyers will pay more for 'green' home". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  7. ^ Streep, Meryl (2008). Green guide: the complete reference for consuming wisely. National Geographic Books. p. 290. ISBN 9781426202766. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  8. ^ Yudelson, Jerry; S. Richard Fedrizzi (2008). The green building revolution. Island Press. p. 60. ISBN 9781597267632. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  9. ^ Dennis, Lori (2010). Green Interior Design. Random House, Inc. ISBN 9781581157741. Retrieved November 27, 2010.