GreenPower Motor Company

GreenPower Motor Company Inc. is a Canadian electric bus manufacturer. The company fabricates multiple models of high-floor and low-floor vehicles, including transit buses, school buses, shuttles, and a double decker.

GreenPower Motor Company Inc.
TypePublic
IndustryTransportation
Founded2007 (2007)
HeadquartersVancouver, British Columbia,
Canada
Number of locations
Vancouver, Canada; Los Angeles, California; Porterville, California
Area served
North America
Key people
Brendan Riley (President)
Number of employees
20-29[1]
Websitegreenpowermotor.com

GreenPower employs a clean-sheet design to manufacture all-electric buses that are purpose-built to be battery-powered and zero-emission.

GreenPower is headquartered in Vancouver, British Columbia, with primary manufacturing and fleet operations in Porterville, California.[2]

HistoryEdit

As GreenPower Transit, the company advertised Eaton diesel hybrid bus rapid transit[3] and "clean diesel" transit buses,[4] which were designed in North America and manufactured in China.[5]

In 2014, GreenPower launched the EV350: a 40-foot, all-electric transit bus deploying electric drive and battery technologies with a lightweight chassis and low-floor body. GreenPower's buses are based on a flexible, clean-sheet design and utilize a custom battery management system (BMS) and a proprietary Flex Power system for the drive motors. The EV350 has a range of over 185 mi (298 km). The EV350 was designed by Xiamen Fengtai Bus & Coach International Co., Ltd.;[6] it was assembled by Fengtai and imported in July 2014 through the Port of Long Beach;[7] later, it was certified to comply with FMVSS in August 2014. The first prototype unit was subsequently used as a demonstration unit for transit agencies in the western United States and Canada.[7] Future EV350 orders would be fulfilled by Fengtai,[8] with assembly to be completed in the United States to comply with the Buy America policy for federally-subsidized transit buses.

GreenPower delivered North America's first purpose-built double decker, the EV550, to CVS Tours in Victoria, British Columbia, which began service in October 2016.[9] The EV550, which seats 100 passengers plus standees and has a range of over 300 miles (482 km), transports hundreds of cruise ship passengers a day.

The same year, the company finalized the acquisition of a 9.3-acre plot in Porterville, California, to build a 150,000-square-foot manufacturing facility. The facility was slated to begin operations in late 2017.

The company announced its suite of high-floor products in fall of 2016. Marketed under the name 'Synapse', the line includes a range of all-electric school and shuttle buses. In August 2017, the company announced commitments for 11 Synapse 72 school buses between six schools in the North Coast Unified Air Quality Management District (NCUAQMD) and the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD).[10]

In March 2017, the City of Porterville announced an order to purchase 10 GreenPower EV350s and relevant charging infrastructure for deployment on all nine of the Porterville Transit fixed routes. This deployment, scheduled to begin toward the end of the year, would completely electrify the city's fleet, making it the first all-electric municipality in North America.

GreenPower launched the EV Star as a minibus in 2018[11] and has subsequently developed several derivatives from the same chassis, including cargo van and cab/chassis vehicles. Later research indicates the EV Star is a rebadged Eurise, which has been produced by Chinese manufacturer Weichai Asiastar since 2015.[12][13]

Six electric Type D school buses were delivered to the Thermalito Union Elementary School District in late December 2021; according to a GreenPower statement, it was the company's largest delivery of school buses to date.[14]

VehiclesEdit

MinibusesEdit

The EV Star chassis is equipped with a Prestolite/TM4 traction motor with a rated output power of 70 / 150 kW (94 / 201 hp) (continuous/peak). The traction battery has a capacity of 118.2 kW-hr (576 V / 152 A-hr) and weighs 1,050 kg (2,310 lb).[15] The vehicle inlet has a CCS Combo 1 connector, capable of accepting Level II AC (SAE J1772) and Level III DC charging sources up to 50 kW (500 VDC).[15] Both the EV Star and EV Star Plus are 24.5 ft (7.5 m) long and share a wheelbase of 167 in (4,200 mm).[15]

EV StarAltoona tested (light-duty 5 year/150,000-mile) and Buy America Act Compliant scoring 92.2%,[16]: 5–6  which is the highest score of a medium- or heavy-duty vehicle.[17] The EV Star is accessible in customizable layouts such as a paratransit bus, executive shuttle, micro-transit, and vanpool service. The EV Star MIN-eBus is a zero-emissions, multi-utility vehicle.[18] All EV Star variants have a battery capacity of 118 kWh and are capable of a range of up to 150 mi (240 km) in a single charge, with a design life expectancy to 10 years.[19] The vehicle also has the capability to be charged wirelessly with a Momentum Dynamics charging system and can also be made fully autonomous with the Perrone Robotics AV System.

EV Star Plus – The EV Star Plus uses the same chassis as the EV Star, but carries a wider cutaway-style body to accommodate a larger seating capacity of up to 24 passengers, and the option for handicap doors is available. It has a body width of 95 in (2,400 mm) and height of 122 in (3,100 mm).[15] It has a payload capacity of 5,000 pounds.[15]

EV Star CarGo – The multi-purpose zero-emission cargo van is GreenPower's medium-duty electric vehicle. The CarGo van has one standard seat but additional seating is available.

EV Star CarGo Plus – The EV Star CarGo Plus offers two seats with the optional lift gate of 1,600 pounds.

EV Star CC – The EV Star CC is Green Power's cab and chassis with dual tires and contains a dry weight of 7,000 pounds, about half that of many competitors. It has a max seating capacity of up to 3 people and is designed and built to exceed a design life of up to 10 years.

School busEdit

B.E.A.S.T. – The B.E.A.S.T., also known as the Battery Electric Automotive School Transportation, is the purpose-built vehicle for the school bus market. It utilizes a truss chassis monocoque design for better safety and weight distribution. It offers a clean sheet design, full air-ride suspension, air-disk brakes, and pass-through storage. The B.E.A.S.T. comes with a battery size of 194 kW with a drive range of up to 150 miles (280 km).

Synapse – available in four distinct models with up to 36, 72, 80, or 90 seats; equipped with a Siemens traction motor and an 80, 100, or 200 kW-hr storage battery for a range of up to 140 mi (230 km).[20][21]

Transit and coach busesEdit

The transit buses feature Siemens ELFA traction motors.[6]

EV250 – 30' battery-electric transit bus, 120 kW (160 hp) (160 kW (210 hp) peak) traction motor with battery capacity of up to 260 kW-hr,[22] claimed range >175 mi (282 km)[23] Low-floor body.[24]

EV300 – 35' battery-electric transit bus, 260 kW-hr battery capacity and claimed range of greater than 175 mi (282 km).[20]

EV350 – 40' battery-electric transit bus, 195 kW (261 hp) (350 kW (470 hp) peak) traction motor with battery capacity of up to 400 kW-hr,[25] claimed range >185 mi (298 km) with 320 kW-hr battery.[23] 10 delivered to Porterville Transit.[15]

EV400 – 45' battery-electric transit bus, 320 kW-hr battery and claimed range >185 mi (298 km).[23]

EV550 – 45' battery-electric double-decker bus, battery capacity of up to 600 kW-hr,[26] claimed range >240 mi (390 km) with 478 kW-hr battery.[23] Low-floor body.[27]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "GreenPower Motor Company Inc". LinkedIn. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  2. ^ "About | GreenPower Motor Company Inc. | Electric Bus Manuafacturer". GreenPower Motor Company Inc. Retrieved 2020-08-24.
  3. ^ "The Future of ECO-Friendly Urban Transit: Hybrid BRT". GreenPower Transit. Archived from the original on June 20, 2011.
  4. ^ "The Future of ECO-Friendly Urban Transit: Transit Bus". GreenPower Transit. Archived from the original on June 20, 2011.
  5. ^ "Home Page". GP GreenPower Industries Inc. Archived from the original on June 18, 2011.
  6. ^ a b "Electric Bus GPEV". Xiamen Fengtai Bus & Coach International. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  7. ^ a b GreenPower Motor Company Inc. (formerly Oakmont Minerals Corp.): Management's Discussion and Analysis for the year ended March 31, 2015 (Report). Securities and Exchange Commission. July 27, 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  8. ^ "Oakmont Greenpower" (Press release). GreenPower Motor Company. October 27, 2014. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  9. ^ Duffy, Andrew (September 16, 2016). "Harbour authority aims to trim emissions with double-decker electric bus". Times Colonist. Retrieved August 24, 2017.
  10. ^ "GreenPower Motor secures commitments for 11 electric school buses in California; ARB approval for $95K HVIP incentive". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 2020-11-27.
  11. ^ Carpenter, Susan (October 2, 2018). "EV Star Van's Styling Disguises its Green Performance". Trucks.com. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  12. ^ "GreenPower Slide Presentation" (PDF). White Diamond Research. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  13. ^ "Weichai Asiastar Pure Electric Vehicle Debuted at Jiangsu Postal System Work Conference of 2015" (Press release). Weichai Group. June 3, 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  14. ^ Ludman, Rebekah (January 8, 2022). "Thermalito school district receives 6 electric buses". Chico Enterprise Record. Retrieved 27 January 2022.
  15. ^ a b c d e f "About the GreenPower's EV Star and EV Star Plus" (PDF). GreenPower Motor Company. 2019. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  16. ^ Federal Transit Bus Test: GreenPower Motor Company Model EV Star | Report LTI-BT-R1913 (Report). Bus Research and Testing Center, Pennsylvania Transportation Institute. April 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  17. ^ "Management's Discussion and Analysis". Securities and Exchange Commission. August 30, 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2022.
  18. ^ "EV Star multi-purpose zero emission MINe-BUS" (PDF). GreenPower Bus. 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  19. ^ "Synapse Zero Emissions School Bus" (PDF). GreenPower Bus. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  20. ^ a b GreenPower Bus (Spring 2017). "CalAct Presentation [.pptx file]". CalAct. Retrieved 27 January 2022.
  21. ^ "Synapse Zero Emissions School Bus" (PDF). GreenPower Bus. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  22. ^ "EV250". GreenPower Motor Company. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  23. ^ a b c d "GreenPower EV400 – 45'" (PDF). PG&E. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  24. ^ "EV250 all-electric 30' transit bus" (PDF). GreenPower Bus. 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  25. ^ "EV350". GreenPower Motor Company. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  26. ^ "EV550". GreenPower Motor Company. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  27. ^ "EV550 all-electric double-decker bus" (PDF). GreenPower Bus. 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2022.

External linksEdit