Grandstand (TV programme)
The programme's original opening titles
|Created by||Paul Fox|
|Presented by||Peter Dimmock|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. of episodes||3500 (estimated)|
BBC2 (Sunday Grandstand)
|Original release||11 October 1958 –|
28 January 2007
|Followed by||Saturday Sportsday (2013–)|
Its first presenter was Peter Dimmock. There were only five main presenters of the programme during its long history: David Coleman (who took over from Dimmock after just three programmes), Frank Bough, Des Lynam and Steve Rider. Changes in the structure of the programme during its last few years, however, meant it did not have a regular main presenter during this time.
Among the more occasional hosts were Alan Weeks, David Icke, Clare Balding, Hazel Irvine, Bob Wilson, David Vine, Barry Davies, Dougie Donnelly, Harry Carpenter, Harry Gration, John Inverdale, Tony Gubba, Helen Rollason, Ray Stubbs and Sue Barker.
The last editions of Grandstand were broadcast over the weekend of 27–28 January 2007.
During the 1950s sports coverage on television in the United Kingdom gradually expanded. The BBC regularly broadcast sports programmes with an outside studio team, occasionally from two or three separate locations. Production assistant Bryan Cowgill put forward a proposal for a programme lasting three hours; one hour dedicated to major events and two hours showing minor events. Outside Broadcast members held a meeting in April 1958 and Cowgill further detailed his plans taking timing and newer technical facilities into consideration. During the development of the programme, problems arose over the proposed schedule which would result in the programme ending at 4:45pm to allow the recreational programme Children's Hour to broadcast. Paul Fox insisted that the service was broadcast until 5:00pm to ensure a proper results service.
Three weeks before the debut of the programme, sports broadcaster Peter Dimmock favoured naming the show Out and About! with Fox persuading Dimmock to agree on a new name Grandstand. Grandstand launched on 11 October 1958 from Lime Grove Studios with Dimmock as the presenter. Dimmock presented the first two editions and three weeks later, he was replaced by sports commentator David Coleman. In the autumn of 1959, Grandstand was extended by an extra 15 minutes and would finish at 5:00pm every Saturday.
The show was one of the most recognisable on British television, dominating Saturday afternoons on the BBC's main channel and covering nearly every major sporting event in Britain such as the FA Cup Final, Wimbledon, the Grand National and the University Boat Race, as well as major international events like the Olympic Games, the Paralympic Games, the Commonwealth Games and the FIFA World Cup. A Sunday edition, simply named Sunday Grandstand, launched in 1981 and ran on BBC Two. Until 1997, the Sunday edition was only broadcast during the summer months but from February 1998 Sunday Grandstand aired all year round, incorporating the Ski Sunday and Rugby Special programmes. Grandstand was not shown on 20 May 2000 as no major sporting events broadcast by the BBC were taking place. Also Grandstand did not broadcast when a major national event took place or if Christmas or New Year's Day fell on a Saturday.
From the programme's launch until the lifting of restrictions on broadcasting hours by the Postmaster General in 1972, sports coverage was one of the few programming areas which was exempt from the broadcasting hours restrictions. Originally sporting coverage and outside broadcasts were provided with a separate quota of broadcasting hours per year by the Postmaster General. By the mid 1960s this amounted to 350 hours per year. This meant Grandstand was a key part of the BBC's Saturday afternoon schedules, as the five or so hours the programme was on the air did not count to the overall 50 hour a week restriction on normal broadcasting hours.
In October 2001, the head of BBC Sports and Programming Pat Younge announced plans to revamp Grandstand by placing emphasis on showing one particular sport rather than switching back to another every few minutes.
In the late afternoon, with many Football League and Scottish Football League matches approaching full-time, the programme would draw to a close with Final Score. This covered not only the results from all the matches, but also gave the results of the football pools. Perhaps the segment's most famous feature is the vidiprinter, a digital device which printed out the results as they came through, with the characters in each result appearing one by one. Remarkably, only two people regularly read out the classified results on Final Score when it was part of Grandstand: the Australian Len Martin (from the first programme until his death in 1995) and Tim Gudgin (from 1995 until Final Score was separated from Grandstand in 2001 – he continued to read the classified results until 2011).
Competition from ITVEdit
Football Focus and Final Score part companyEdit
In August 2001 the Football Focus section, having been the first feature on Grandstand since 1974, separated to become a programme in its own right. This meant that Grandstand's start time was now 13:00 rather than 12:15.
At the same time, Final Score was also separated from Grandstand, also becoming a programme in its own right, running from 16:30 meaning that Grandstand only broadcast between 13:00 and 16:30 rather than 12:15 to 17:15. "Around the Grounds" and the half time sequence did remain within the Grandstand programme. In 2004, following the success of Sky Sports' Soccer Saturday programme featuring reports from the afternoon's football matches, the BBC introduced its own football scores programme called Score. It ran for the full duration of the afternoon's football matches, beginning at 14:30, and was available as an add-on service on the Red Button until 16:30 when BBC One joined the programme and at that point Score would become Final Score.
Later years and demiseEdit
In its final few years, the show was rarely presented from a studio and as such there was no longer a main presenter. The show tended to be broadcast from wherever the main event of the day was taking place. The host would be associated with that feature; for example, Hazel Irvine would host snooker, Sue Barker for tennis, Clare Balding for racing or rugby league, and John Inverdale for rugby union.
On 24 April 2006, the BBC announced that Grandstand would be gradually phased out after nearly half a century, due to the increasing use of interactive services and the need to meet the challenges of the digital, on-demand world. This had been hinted by the dropping of the "Grandstand" title from the BBC's coverage of the major international sporting events, like the World Cup as well as that year's Winter Olympics and Commonwealth Games.
After Grandstand endedEdit
The final Saturday edition of Grandstand was broadcast on 27 January 2007, and the last edition of all after 48 years was broadcast the following day, 28 January 2007, a short tribute to the history of the show forming its final feature. Sport still features prominently on the BBC's programme schedules on Saturday afternoon as well as on BBC Red Button, the interactive service available on digital television; Final Score is still shown at the end of the Premier League football games played on Saturday afternoon.
|Presenters of Grandstand, 1958–2007|
The original theme was "News Scoop" by Len Stevens, which was used until 6 November 1971. From 13 November 1971 to 11 October 1975, another tune, composed by Barry Stoller who also composed the Match of the Day theme, was used. The programme's longest running and best known theme, composed for the programme by Keith Mansfield, was first heard at the end of the 11 October 1975 edition (the 1000th edition of Grandstand) and remained until the end of the programme's existence.
Notable live eventsEdit
- Foinavon winning the 1967 Grand National at odds of 100/1 following a 23rd fence pile up in which every other horse fell or was remounted – the fence was subsequently named in Foinavon's honour.
- Golfer Tony Jacklin hitting the first live televised hole in one in Britain during the Dunlop Masters on 16 September 1967.
- Gareth Edwards scoring one of the most memorable tries in history, in the Barbarians v All Blacks Rugby Union match at Cardiff Arms Park on 27 January 1973.
- The first known streaker at a major sporting event during an England v France Rugby Union match at Twickenham on 20 April 1974.
- Cambridge sinking in the 1978 University Boat Race and again in 1984, after colliding with a stationary barge.
- A fight breaking out on air between staff in the newsroom behind presenter Des Lynam on 1 April 1989. This was later revealed to be an April Fool's Day joke.
- The Hillsborough football ground disaster on 15 April 1989.
- The Grand National on 3 April 1993 being declared void after two false starts – 30 horses ran the race when their jockeys mistakenly assumed the course officials waving red flags were protesters.
- Roland Ratzenberger & Ayrton Senna's fatal accidents during the San Marino Grand Prix on 30 April & 1 May 1994 (Sunday Grandstand).
- Jockey Frankie Dettori winning all seven races at Ascot on 28 September 1996.
- The evacuation of Aintree Racecourse on 5 April 1997 due to an IRA bomb threat that caused the cancellation of the Grand National (the race took place two days later).
- In the 1970s, Grandstand was famously preceded by the children's programme Multi-Coloured Swap Shop, meaning that only two programmes were regularly scheduled between the hours of 0930 and 1715 every Saturday on BBC1. One edition in the late 1970s saw the first few minutes of a Frank Bough-presented edition coming from the Swap Shop studio. This was because Bough was a guest on Swap Shop that morning and did not have time to get to the Grandstand studio. Similarly, the last programme of the first series of Swap Shop in 1977 included inserts in Grandstand throughout the afternoon.
- Whannel, Garry (2013). Fields in Vision: Television Sport and Cultural Transformation. Routledge. ISBN 9781134938605.
- Deans, Jason (15 August 2002). "Grandstand: a history". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
- Mcleod, Maurice (17 May 2000). "Sport-free BBC shelves Grandstand on Cup final day". The Independent. London. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
- Deans, Jason (30 October 2001). "BBC to overhaul Grandstand". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- Plunkett, John; Gibson, Owen (25 April 2006). "Final whistle for BBC's Grandstand". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
- "BBC is to scrap show Grandstand". BBC News. 24 April 2006. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
- Davies, Hugh (25 April 2006). "Grandstand finish as BBC blows the whistle". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
- "The last stand for a grand old institution". The Scotsman. 28 January 2007. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
- Roger Mosey (26 January 2007). "Roger Mosey on plans after Grandstand". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- "Jacklin's play reaches full maturity" by Peter Ryde, The Times page 13, 18 September 1967
- Bathurst, Mark (28 March 2008). "1978 Boat Race: The day my heart sank". Telegraph. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- "BBC ON THIS DAY - 1984: Boat race halted before starting". BBC News. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- "April Fools: Grandstand's prank from the archives". BBC Sport. 1 April 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2013.
- "Racing: The day Dettori's Magnificent Seven left the bookies in tears". The Independent. 23 September 2006. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- Radio Times listing for 25 February 1977, BBC Genome