Grand empress dowager

Grand empress dowager (also grand dowager empress or grand empress mother) (Chinese and Japanese: ; pinyin: tàihuángtàihòu; rōmaji: taikōtaigō; Korean: (太皇太后); romaja: Tae Hwang Tae Hu; Vietnamese: Thái Hoàng thái hậu (太皇太后) was a title given to the grandmother,[1] or a woman from the same generation, of a Chinese, Japanese, Korean, or Vietnamese emperor in the Chinese cultural sphere.

Some grand empress dowagers held regency during the emperor's childhood. Some of the most prominent empress dowagers extended their regencies beyond the time when the emperor was old enough to govern alone. This was seen as a source of political turmoil, according to the traditional views of Chinese historians.

Chinese grand empress dowagersEdit

Han dynastyEdit

Cao WeiEdit

Jin dynasty (265–420)Edit

Liu Song dynastyEdit

Chen dynastyEdit

Northern Wei dynastyEdit

Northern Qi dynastyEdit

Northern Zhou dynastyEdit

Tang dynastyEdit

Song dynastyEdit

Liao dynastyEdit

Jin dynasty (1115–1234)Edit

  • Tangkuo, Grand Empress Dowager of Qingyuan Palace (1135–1136), during the reign of Emperor Xizong
  • Heshilie, Grand Empress Dowager of Mingde Palace (1135–1143), during the reign of Emperor Xizong

Yuan dynastyEdit

Ming dynastyEdit

Qing dynastyEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Twitchett, Denis C.; Mote, Frederick W. (1998-01-28). The Cambridge History of China: Volume 8, The Ming Dynasty. Cambridge University Press. p. 18. ISBN 9780521243339.