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Grand empress dowager (also grand dowager empress or grand empress mother) (Chinese and Japanese: ; pinyin: tàihuángtàihòu; rōmaji: taikōtaigō; Korean: ; romaja: Tae Hwang Tae Hu; Vietnamese: Thái Hoàng thái hậu) was a title given to the grandmother,[1] or a woman from the same generation, of the Chinese, Japanese, Korean and Vietnamese emperors. Some grand empress dowagers held regency during the emperor's childhood. Some of the most prominent empress dowagers extended their regencies beyond the time when the emperor was old enough to govern alone. This was seen as a source of political turmoil, according to the traditional views of Chinese historians.

Contents

Chinese grand empress dowagersEdit

Han dynastyEdit

Cao WeiEdit

Jin dynasty (265–420)Edit

Liu Song dynastyEdit

Chen dynastyEdit

Northern Wei dynastyEdit

Northern Qi dynastyEdit

Northern Zhou dynastyEdit

Tang dynastyEdit

Song dynastyEdit

  • Grand Empress Dowager Cao (1067–1085), during the reign of Emperor Shenzong
  • Grand Empress Dowager Gao Taotao (1085–1093), during the reign of Emperor Zhezong
  • Grand Empress Dowager Wu (1189–1197), during the reign of Emperor Guangzong
  • Grand Empress Dowager Xie (1194–1203), during the reign of Emperor Ningzong
  • Grand Empress Dowager Xie Daoqing (1274–1276), during the reign of Emperor Gong; the proceeding two emperors were her grandsons but they were fleeing from the Mongols

Liao dynastyEdit

Jin dynasty (1115–1234)Edit

  • Tangkuo, Grand Empress Dowager of Qingyuan Palace (1135–1136), during the reign of Emperor Xizong
  • Heshilie, Grand Empress Dowager of Mingde Palace (1135–1143), during the reign of Emperor Xizong

Yuan dynastyEdit

Ming dynastyEdit

Qing dynastyEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Twitchett, Denis C.; Mote, Frederick W. (1998-01-28). The Cambridge History of China: Volume 8, The Ming Dynasty. Cambridge University Press. p. 18. ISBN 9780521243339.