Grand Lodge of Tennessee

The Grand Lodge of Tennessee, officially the Grand Lodge of the Ancient and Honorable Fraternity of Free and Accepted Masons of the State of Tennessee, is the main governing body of Freemasonry within Tennessee. This Grand Lodge was established in Knoxville, Tennessee, on December 27, 1813, by nine Masonic lodges operating within the state.[1]:51 In 2017, the Grand Lodge of Tennessee had a reported membership of 34,858 Master Masons.[2]

Grand Lodge of Tennessee
Grand Lodge of Tennessee Logo.png
Motto
  • Cemented with Love
Formation1813
Location
Region
Tennessee
Grand Master
Robert Thomas Reed
Websitegrandlodge-tn.org

The Grand Lodge is headquartered in Nashville, Tennessee, in the Grand Lodge Building.

HistoryEdit

FormationEdit

Freemasonry in Tennessee began in 1789 when St. Tammany Lodge #1 was organized in Nashville under dispensation from the Grand Lodge of North Carolina.[1]:21–22 St. Tammany Lodge received its full charter from the Grand Lodge of North Carolina in January 1796, and later changed its name to Harmony Lodge #1 in November 1800.[1]:20 Harmony Lodge 1 was dissolved due to inactivity on December 9, 1808.[1]:24

As part of regularity, lodges must receive a dispensation from a duly-recognized Grand Lodge to begin work and then receive a charter from that Grand Lodge to be a fully established lodge. The original lodges in Tennessee were chartered by the Grand Lodge of North Carolina, which from 1803 to 1813 used the name "The Grand Lodge of North Carolina and Tennessee."[1]:41 The Grand Lodge of North Carolina established nine lodges in Tennessee before the Grand Lodge of Tennessee was formed.[1]:42

The second lodge was Tennessee Lodge #2 in Knoxville, Tennessee, which received its dispensation from the Grand Lodge of North Carolina on January 15, 1800, and its Charter on November 30, 1800, with John Sevier as its first Worshipful Master.[1]:30,42 Greeneville Lodge #3 in Greeneville, Tennessee, was granted dispensation on September 5, 1801, and chartered on December 11, 1801.[1]:31, 35 Newport Lodge #4 in Newport, Tennessee, was granted dispensation in 1805 and chartered on December 5, 1806.[1]:31, 25 Overton Lodge #5 in Rogersville, Tennessee, was granted dispensation in 1806 and Chartered on November 21, 1807.[1]:32, 35 Hiram Lodge #7 in Franklin, Tennessee, was granted dispensation in 1808 and Chartered on December 11, 1809.[1]:33 Cumberland Lodge #8 in Nashville, Tennessee, was granted dispensation on June 24, 1812, and was later chartered by the Grand Lodge of Tennessee on February 8, 1814.[1]:33 Western Star Lodge #9 in Port Royal, Tennessee, was granted dispensation on May 1, 1812, and chartered by the Grand Lodge of North Carolina on February 12, 1813.[1]:33

A convention was held in Knoxville with representatives from the lodges operating in Tennessee, and, on December 2, 1811, the convention adopted a resolution to form a Grand Lodge within Tennessee and petition the Grand Lodge of North Carolina and Tennessee to release its jurisdiction over the State of Tennessee.[1]:44 On December 5, 1812, the Grand Lodge of North Carolina and Tennessee adopted a resolution approving of the petition, and on September 30, 1813, the Grand Lodge of North Carolina and Tennessee released its jurisdiction over the Tennessee lodges so they may establish the Grand Lodge of Tennessee.[1]:49–50 A Grand Convention was held in Knoxville on December 27, 1813 to establish the Grand Lodge and elect the officers. Thomas Claiborne, an attorney and member of the Tennessee General Assembly from Davidson County, was unanimously elected Grand Master. He appointed George Wilson, an attorney and member of the General Assembly from Knox County, as Deputy Grand Master; John Hall as Grand Senior Warden; Abraham Shaifer as Grand Junior Warden; Thomas McCorry as Grand Treasurer; and Edward Scott as Grand Secretary.[1]:51

SchoolsEdit

 
The Masonic University in 1850 in Clarksville, Tennessee.

During the mid-1800s, local lodges established or sponsored several schools and colleges. These included the Masonic Female Institute in Hartsville, the Masonic Male College in Gallatin, the Clifton Masonic Academy in Clifton, the Petersburg Masonic Academy in Petersburg, the Macon Masonic Male College in Macon, the Sale Creek Male and Female Institute in Sale Creek, the Hiwassee Masonic Institute in Charleston, the Masonic College in Dayton, and the Masonic & Odd Fellows College in Nolensville.[1]:113

The Grand Lodge of Tennessee established the Masonic University in Clarksville, Tennessee, for the education of the children and orphans of indigent Masons.[1]:87 The Masonic University began operation 1849 as the "Masonic College" with an enrollment of 105 students.[1]:88 In 1850, the Grand Lodge completed the main building for the school.[1]:88 This building became known as Castle Building because of its distinctive architecture, and it stood until its collapse in 1946.[3] In 1855, the Masonic University was purchased by the Presbyterian Church and renamed Stewart College in honor of the college's president.[4][5] Stewart College was later renamed "Southwestern Presbyterian College" in 1875, and renamed "Southwestern" when the school moved to Memphis, Tennessee, in 1925.[5] It was later renamed Rhodes College in 1984.[5] The original campus of the Masonic University is now the site of Austin Peay State University.[3]

Grand MastersEdit

The following have served as Grand Master:[1]:App. B

 
Thomas Claiborne, a lawyer politician in Nashville, was elected the first Grand Master at the formation of the Grand Lodge of Tennessee.
 
Archibald Yell served as Grand Master in 1831. He later served as the second Governor of the State of Arkansas from 1840-1844.
 
Andrew Jackson, 7th President of the United States (1829-1837), served two terms as Grand Master in 1822 and 1823.
 
James D. Richardson, Grand Master in 1873 (pictured with his insignia as Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite's Supreme Council), was the U.S. House of Representative's Minority Leader from 1899 to 1903.
  • 1813: Thomas Claiborne
  • 1814: Thomas Claiborne
  • 1815: Robert Searcy
  • 1816: Robert Searcy
  • 1817: Wilkins F. Tannehill
  • 1818: Wilkins F. Tannehill
  • 1819: Oliver Bliss Hayes
  • 1820: Wilkins F. Tannehill
  • 1821: Wilkins F. Tannehill
  • 1822: Andrew Jackson
  • 1823: Andrew Jackson
  • 1824: Wilkins F. Tannehill
  • 1825: Matthew Delamare Cooper
  • 1826: Matthew Delamare Cooper
  • 1827: William Edwin Kennedy
  • 1828: William Edwin Kennedy
  • 1829: Hugh White Dunlap
  • 1830: Hugh White Dunlap
  • 1831: Archibald Yell
  • 1832: Dudley Smith Jennings
  • 1833: Harry Lightfoot Douglass
  • 1834: Benjamin S. Tappan
  • 1835: Benjamin S. Tappan
  • 1836: Julius Caesar Nichols Robertson
  • 1837: Philander McB. Priestly
  • 1838: Samuel McManus
  • 1839: Samuel McManus
  • 1840: George Alexander Wilson
  • 1841: Wilkins F. Tannehill
  • 1842: Wilkins F. Tannehill
  • 1843: Joseph Norbell
  • 1844: Edmund Dillahunty
  • 1845: Edmund Dillahunty
  • 1846: William Lucas Martin
  • 1847: William Lucas Martin
  • 1848: Hardy Murfree Burton
  • 1849: Robert Looney Caruthers
  • 1850: Charles Arnold Fuller
  • 1851: Charles Arnold Fuller
  • 1852: Archelaus Madison Hughes
  • 1853: Archelaus Madison Hughes
  • 1854: John Snyder Dashiell
  • 1855: John Snyder Dashiell
  • 1856: Thomas McCulloch
  • 1857: Thomas McCulloch
  • 1858: John Frizzell
  • 1859: John Frizzell
  • 1860: James McCallum
  • 1861: James McCallum
  • 1862: James McCallum
  • 1863: Archelaus Madison Hughes
  • 1864: Thomas Aaron Hamilton
  • 1865: Thomas Aaron Hamilton
  • 1866: Joseph Motley Anderson
  • 1867: Joseph Motley Anderson
  • 1868: Jonathan Smith Dawson
  • 1869: John Walker Paxton
  • 1870: John Calvin Brown
  • 1871: William Munroe Dunaway
  • 1872: Donifas Russel Grafton
  • 1873: James Daniel Richardson
  • 1874: Andrew Jackson Wheeler
  • 1875: Jefferson Campbell Cawood
  • 1876: Elihu Edmondson
  • 1877: Americus Vespucius Warr
  • 1878: George Cooper Connor
  • 1879: Wilbur Fisk Foster
  • 1880: John Thomas Iron
  • 1881: No Annual Communication held
  • 1882: Nathan Sullins Woodward
  • 1883: Newton Whitfield McConnell
  • 1884: Benjamin Rufus Harris
  • 1885: Henry Martyn Aiken
  • 1886: Thomas Owen Morris
  • 1887: Caswell Anderson Goodloe
  • 1888: Henry Hulburt Ingersoll
  • 1889: John Thomas Williamson
  • 1890: Benjamin Franklin Haller
  • 1891: William Swan Smith
  • 1892: Montreville Dillon SMallman
  • 1893: Bernard Francis Price
  • 1894: Henry Alexander Chambers
  • 1895: George Hampton Morgan
  • 1896: Phillip Neely Matlock
  • 1897: Archibald Nevils Sloan
  • 1898: William Hill Bumpus
  • 1899: Joseph Holmes Bullock
  • 1900: James Henry McClister
  • 1901: Isaac Jones Thurman
  • 1902: John Robert Smith
  • 1903: Edmond Preston McQueen
  • 1904: James Loyd Sloan
  • 1905: James William Irwin
  • 1906: Robert Burrow
  • 1907: George Edward Seay
  • 1908: Milton Humphries Price
  • 1909: Edward Kelsey Bachman
  • 1910: Charles Hall Byrn
  • 1911: John Rush Rison
  • 1912: John Lynn Bachman
  • 1913: Charles Comstock
  • 1914: Thomas Jefferson Bonner
  • 1915: Teda Ashabel Hisey
  • 1916: Charles Barham
  • 1917: John Thomas Peeler
  • 1918: Samuel Chase Brown
  • 1919: Thomas Jefferson Brandon; Thomas Steele, Jr.
  • 1920: Taylor Williams Peace
  • 1921: Rodney Blake
  • 1922: Walker Mooring Taylor
  • 1923: George Lee Hardwick
  • 1924: Howell Edmonds Jackson
  • 1925: Charles Wesson Polk
  • 1926: Andrew Edward McCulloch
  • 1927: Henry Lee Fox
  • 1928: Stanley Wilton McDowell
  • 1929: Quincy Adams Tipton
  • 1930: Edward Ross Burr
  • 1931: Robert Virgil Hope
  • 1932: William Porter Chandler
  • 1933: Jesse Baldwin Templeton
  • 1934: Alfred Wells Lassiter
  • 1935: Martin Smith Roberts
  • 1936: William Roy Holland
  • 1937: Neale Mulligan Rutland
  • 1938: Charles H. McKinney
  • 1939: Lindsay Brassfield Phillips
  • 1940: Paul Fisher Lanius
  • 1941: Samuel Howard Cooper
  • 1942: William Wade Herron
  • 1943: Arch Erwin McClanahan
  • 1944: Burton Freeman Whitaker
  • 1945: Benjamin Tate Dawkins
  • 1946: Addison Brown McClure
  • 1947: John Calvin Crawford
  • 1948: Anderson Lacy Price
  • 1949: Lucien Campbell Connell
  • 1950: Elbert Carlton Coleman
  • 1951: Wallace Phelan Douglas
  • 1952: Amzie Hall Kirkpatrick
  • 1953: Clyde Hubert Wilson
  • 1954: Raymond Lee Allen
  • 1955: Hardin Henry Conn
  • 1956: Nathan Linville Roberts
  • 1957: James Walker Jerr
  • 1958: William Josiah Sanders, Jr.
  • 1959: Euel Guy Frizzell
  • 1960: Wiley Odell May
  • 1961: Lewis Aubrey Hagan
  • 1962: Samuel Edward Stephenson, Sr.
  • 1963: John Elvis Malone
  • 1964: Ralph Francis Worthy
  • 1965: Francis Carter Yearwood
  • 1966: James Edgar McFadin
  • 1967: Daniel Porter Henegar
  • 1968: James Philip Quisenberry
  • 1969: John Riley
  • 1970: Coy Henderson Duke
  • 1971: Charles Burton Jones, Jr.
  • 1972: Joseph Clinton Mobley
  • 1973: Daniel Shirley Johnson
  • 1974: James Castro Smith
  • 1975: George Robert Baddour
  • 1976: James Peek Buck
  • 1977: Gus J. Vlasis
  • 1978: George Edward Rothrock
  • 1979: Leslie Leon Farmer
  • 1980: Ray Wayland Pearson
  • 1981: Danny Wayne Seaton
  • 1982: John Taylor Pigg
  • 1983: John Burton Arp, Jr.
  • 1984: James Emmit McDaniel
  • 1985: Samuel David Chandler
  • 1986: Gus J. Vlasis
  • 1987: Walter Douglas Ric
  • 1988: Billie Reginald Brown
  • 1989: Lilburn Bruce Austin
  • 1990: Jethro Davidson Tisdale
  • 1991: John David Templeton
  • 1992: William Benjamin Anderson
  • 1993: Robert F. Henderson, Sr.
  • 1994: Thomas Earl Hager
  • 1995: Charles J. Eads, Jr.
  • 1996: Alton E. Tollison
  • 1997: John Lawrence Palmer
  • 1998: Walter E. Wininger
  • 1999: John Vincent
  • 2000: Kenneth Irwin Wright
  • 2001: Esco Owens
  • 2002: Joe C. Harrison
  • 2003: Ronald Jasper Coates
  • 2004: Richard E. Durham, Sr.
  • 2005: Paul L. Phillips
  • 2006: Sid C. Dorris III
  • 2007: Orville R. Armstrong
  • 2008: Jerry Lynn Hanson
  • 2009: Dickie Wayland Johnson
  • 2010: Thomas Boduch
  • 2011: Mack Evans Johnson
  • 2012: Laddie Lann Wilson
  • 2013: Roy Clinton Etherton
  • 2014: Delbert R. Musick
  • 2015: Phillip Dwight Hastings
  • 2016: Billy Ray Cutlip
  • 2017: Casey Lee Hood
  • 2018: Dickie McKinney
  • 2019: Robert Thomas Reed

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Snodgrass, Charles A.; Demott, Bobby J. (1994). The History of Freemasonry in Tennessee. Knoxville, TN: Tennessee Valley Publishing. ISBN 1882194128. OCLC 32626841.
  2. ^ "Masonic Membership Statistics 2016-2017". Masonic Service Association of North America. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  3. ^ a b "The History of Austin Peay". Austin Peay University. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  4. ^ "1806-1924: Before the Move to Memphis". Rhodes College. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  5. ^ a b c "Rhodes College History". College History. Retrieved 22 July 2019.