Gradec (pronounced [ˈɡɾaːdəts]; German: Grazdorf) is a former settlement in the Municipality of Litija in central Slovenia. It is now part of the town of Litija. The area is part of the traditional region of Upper Carniola and is now included with the rest of the municipality in the Central Sava Statistical Region.
|Traditional region||Upper Carniola|
|Statistical region||Central Sava|
|Elevation||250 m (820 ft)|
The name Gradec means 'little castle'. It was named after Ribče Castle (German: Fischern), which was a fishing station owned by the Auersperg family. Gradec is a relatively common settlement name (or part of such a name) in Slovenia (e.g., Gradec, Slovenj Gradec, Polhov Gradec) and beyond—for example, Gradec in Croatia and Graz (Slovene: Gradec) in Austria.
Gradec started developing as a settlement after 1849, when the railroad was built. In 1885 a cotton mill with 3,250 spools was established by Julius Schwarz and Eugen Zublin. After this, other workshops were built, and during the interwar period large residential units were built, creating the neighborhood known as Na stavbah (literally, 'by the buildings'). Gradec was annexed by Litija in 1955, ending its existence as a separate settlement.
Ribče Castle (German: Fischern) stood above the railway station in the settlement. The castle was built at the end of the 16th century. Its many owners included Johann Balthasar von Burgstall from Krupa, and members of the Wutalitsch, von Scharffeneck, Graffenweger, von Coppini, Moshacher, Ursini-Blagay, von Wolkensberg, and Auersperg families.
Notable people that were born or lived in Gradec include:
- Krajevni leksikon Dravske Banovine. 1937. Ljubljana: Zveza za tujski promet za Slovenijo, p. 313.
- Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
- Leksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 6: Kranjsko. 1906. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna, pp. 92–93.
- Litija municipal site
- Savnik, Roman, ed. 1971. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 2. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije, pp. 270–272.
- Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, p. 149.
- Spremembe naselij 1948–95. 1996. Database. Ljubljana: Geografski inštitut ZRC SAZU, DZS.
- Gradovi v Sloveniji: Ribče (in Slovene)
- "Vrančič Janko". Slovenski biografski leksikon. (in Slovene)