Open main menu

Goychay District

  (Redirected from Goychay Rayon)

Goychay (Azerbaijani: Göyçay) is a region of Azerbaijan located in the central part of the country.[3] The region is famous for its pomegranate growing industry, and for its pomegranate festival.

Göyçay
Map of Azerbaijan showing Goychay region
Map of Azerbaijan showing Goychay region
CountryAzerbaijan
CapitalGoychay
Area
 • Total736 km2 (284 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total111,400
Postal code
2300
Telephone code(+994) 20[2]
Websitewww.goychay.az

GeographyEdit

Goychay region is located in Shirvan valley, at the footsteps of Greater Caucasus mountain range. It stretches for about 25 km from north to south and 40 km from east to west, making up 726 km2 in total. The capital of the district Goychay lies on the 216th km of Baku-Qazakh Highway and 18 km away from Ujar railway station. It borders Ismayilli region on the northeast, Kürdəmir on the southeast, Ujar on the south and Agdash on the west. Geographically, the region is divided into mountainous terrain and lowlands. Bozdag Qaramaryam mountain range makes up the mountainous part. The distance between Goychay region and capital Baku is 226 km. The region consists of a city and 55 villages. The biggest populated settlements include Bığır, Ləkçılpaq, Çaxırlı and İncə villages.[1][4]

Goychay and Yukhari Shirvan rivers pass through the region which contributes to raw materials used for products used for construction. Goychay is rich with river rocks and soft sand, and the clay deposits found in the vicinity of Qarabaqqal village are used for brick production.[1]

ClimateEdit

The geographical location of the region has been affected the climate of Goychay district as its territory is located in the semi-desert and the mountainous areas. Due to above geographical conditions, the climate of region has its own attributes. In the territory of the district the dominant climate is the mild hot semi-arid and dry subtropical climate. This climate type is characterized by its mild and moisture winter and dry and warm summer. In the Goychay region, the climate can be classified in 2 categories; the first includes the territories located in the south part of Goychay, and the second is the climate of the villages located at the foot of the Greater Caucasus. Because of moderate and humid air conditions in north foothills (mountainous part) as well as in the eastern warmer part, the region has huge potential for agriculture. The rest of the region is cold in the winter and hot in the summer which requires the usage of irrigation.[5]

HydrographyEdit

The existing river network in the Goychay region flows from the Greater Caucasus to the Kur-Araz lowland. The inland waters of the district are included in the hydrologic basin of Shirvan region. The rivers are fed by snow, rain and ground water. The main river in the district is Goychay River that belongs to basin the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus Mountains, as well as the Kur. It is considered as transit river in Shirvan plain. The total length of Goychay river is 115 km and the catchment area is 1770 km2. The average water flow rate in the river is 12.5 m / sec, the maximum speed is 70m / s. Goychay river is fed by 12% of snow, 28% rainfall and 60% underground waters. Average annual water consumption of the river is 12kub m / sec, of which 30-35% is in spring, 20-25% in summer, 18-22% in fall, and 15-17% occurs in winter. Nohurqıslaq water reservoir built in the Gabala district supplies water to the river in summer when there is a decrease in its flow. The second long river in the area of district is the Arvan River. The Arvan river flows from Arvan Mountain which is located 12 km away from the city. It often caused floods in spring in the past. In order to prevent this, the dam was built between 1972 and 1980 and the direction of its water changed to the Goychay River. The Arvan River dries up during the hot months of the year. Shilian River is another river in the region which is a branch of the Goychay River.[6]

HistoryEdit

The name of the region was taken from Goychay River which means "Blue River" (Göy çay) in Azerbaijani language due to very clean nature and transparency of the river and light blue color of the water. Due to a 1859 earthquake in Shamakhi, many of its residents moved to west establishing a village of Goychay. Because of demographic growth, the Russian Imperial government created Goychay Uyezd within Baku Governorate during its administrative reforms in December 1867. The region was established as an administrative unit of Azerbaijan SSR on 8 August 1930.[7]

EconomyEdit

The economy Goychay district is based on industry agriculture, consumer market, transportation, and communication. The total value of goods produced by various enterprises, organizations, and individuals operating in the region was approximately 248,331.0 thousand AZN according to the statistics of 2016. The share of industry in economy was 32077,6 thousand AZN or 12,9% of the total output, 88641,4 thousand AZN or 35,7% in agriculture, 27019,9 thousand AZN or 10,9% in construction, 4719,9 thousand AZN or 1,9 percent in transportation, 805.2 thousand AZN or 0.3 percent in communication, 95067.0 thousand AZN or 38.3 percent in trade and services.[8][9][10] Goychay is also famous for its wine-making industry which started rapidly growing in the 1970s. In the 1970s and 1980s, pomegranate refining factory, cotton factory, milk production plant, bread making plant, grape products refinery plants were built.[7][11] Economic sector of the region is agriculture. This sector is based upon grain-growing, cattle-breeding, silkworm-breeding, grape and fruit growing.[12]

IndustryEdit

The region's industry was mainly represented by food, non-metallic mineral products, electricity, and distribution gas and water. The region has great potential for the production of vine and cognac due to development on productivity of viticulture.  In 2016, the total production by industrial enterprises of the region as well local private firms was worth around 32077.6 thousand AZN at actual prices and the volume of industrial production increased by 26.9% compared to 2015. The share of total industrial output was 17% in the state sector and 83.0% in non-state sector, respectively.[8][9][10][13]

2010 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Number of operating enterprises total, unit 28 24 23 23 28 29
Industrial product (actual price of the relevant year), thousand AZN 15844 17816 25720 31966 21026 34321
Industrial product, relative to previous year, in percent (at comparable prices) 91,5 83,3 178,5 140,0 53,1 222,8
Share of private sector in industrial product, in percent 72,9 71,1 81,6 85,4 78,5 84,1
Price of finished goods remaining in inventory at the end of the period, thousand AZN 3594 2798 5273 9351 4776 4770
Average number of employees - total 892 1077 1199 1177 888 1004
Average monthly salary of employees, AZN 262,9 321,0 362,4 364,5 357,7 354,8
Availability of the main industrial and production assets (at the end of the year, at balance sheet), thousand AZN 45229 40016 46831 49304 50353 51620
Production of basic types of products in natural expression:
Alcohol, thousand dekaliter 130,4 - 100,0 254,8 59,1 509,5
Milk with a fat content of 1-3%, ton 492 506 445,4 454,6 270,1 295,7
Bread, ton 433,6 899,4 889,1 1024 977,2 278,8
Asphalt, ton 41262 26378 69615 104331 44701 18991
Building brick, thousand cubic meters 25,3 11,7 14,1 17,9 20,3 12,1
Gravel, crushed stone, small river stone, thousand ton 16,5 5,6 7,4 8,1 9,6 5,0
Juices, thousand dekaliter 224,8 107,7 256,4 122,7 115,9 192,7

AgricultureEdit

The major agricultural outputs of region are grain, fruits, vegetables, and dairy products related to livestock. Potatoes, melons, and grapes are also cultivated in the local farms.  The actual cost of gross output of agriculture in 2016 amounted to 88641.4 thousand AZN, of which 43553.2 thousand AZN fell to share of cattle-breeding and 45088.2 AZN thousand to fruit and vegetable products. During the first half of 2016, 37067 tons of grain, 548 tons of corn, 1871 tons of potatoes, 19018 tons of vegetables, 619 tons of melons, 61779 tons of fruits and berries and 502 tons of grapes were produced in the local farms of the region. Moreover, 42.34 hectares of new orchards were built in order to obtain growth in the share of agriculture in the region. In 2016, 151 tons of cotton was supplied in the region. The statistics of January 1, 2017, indicated that the number of livestock in the region was like following:  cattle (38047), including 19566 cows and camels, 57019 sheep and goats. 51.4 percent of total livestock of the district consisted of cows and buffalos. In 2017, 7543 hectares of wheat and 7074 hectares are barley are sown in Goychay district (total 14617 hectares).[10][14][15]

2010 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total area of sown agricultural crops (ha)                   
Cereals and cereal legumes 13810 14460 15209 15486 13870 14012
including wheat 7454 8108 8404 8467 6503 6872
Cotton 63 40 16 - - 200
Potato 135 146 149 151 155 157
Vegetables 1119 1132 1139 1149 1158 1071
Kaleyard plants 83 65 67 69 70 37
Fruit and berry 4828 5205 5364 5699 6020 5766
Grape 44 44 44 24 24 24
Production of main agricultural products (in all categories of farms), tons
Cereals and cereal legumes 30110 35928 34752 28257 36865 37616
including wheat 15462 20599 19501 15971 17557 18709
Cotton 114 65 4 - - 153
Potato 1435 1596 1648 1690 1808 1871
Vegetables 26919 27733 27935 28464 19842 19018
Kaleyard plants 1572 1355 1405 1467 1137 619
Fruit and berry 56883 65598 68853 72887 75513 61779
Grape 600 741 800 764 801 502
Productivity (in all categories of farming), centner / ha
Grain 21,8 24,8 22,8 18,2 26,6 26,8
including wheat 20,7 25,4 23,2 18,9 27,0 27,2
Cotton 18,2 16,3 2,5 - - 7,6
Potato 106 109 111 112 117 119
Vegetables 235 240 242 243 168 168
Kaleyard plants 189 209 210 213 162 167
Fruit and berry 161,9 166,1 162,5 157,9 161,4 125,7
Grape 94,4 106,4 111,4 182,1 189,8 116,2
Number of Livestock (in total)
Cattle 46813 47438 47881 48102 48442 38047
including cows and buffaloes 23525 24129 24372 24419 24436 19566
Sheeps and goats 64198 65550 66520 67165 67804 57019
Birds 451979 486326 426845 441070 521466 451106
Bee families 752 776 868 903 973 1236
Production of cattle product, ton
Meat 4174 5405 5441 5457 5488 5495
Milk 23550 24240 24510 24850 24935 25030
Eggs 10900 11500 11800 12000 12200 12500
Wool (in physical weight) 81 85 87 88 89 90

TourismEdit

2010 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Number of hotel and hotel type facilities, unit 1 3 3 3 3 3
Number of rooms, unit 12 68 68 68 59 59
Total capacity 27 209 209 209 138 138
Number of persons stayed 765 2028 2022 1453 1705 1558
Number of accommodations, individual-night 850 6410 4625 2993 4015 3400

TransportationEdit

In 2016, 893 thousand tons of cargo and 13697 thousand passengers were transported. Compared to 2015, 25 thousand tons or 2.9 percent of cargo and 514 thousand people or 3.9 percent more passengers were transported.  Transportation routes connecting Baku with the city center.[10][16][17]

2010 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Cargo transportation, thousand tons 635 742 789 816 868 893
Freight turnover, million tons 100,2 122,9 132,5 137,2 146,1 150,2
Passenger transportation, thousand people 9310 11011 11925 12437 13183 13697
Passenger turnover, million Passenger km 46,4 53,1 56,9 59,5 63,0 65,4
Total number of cars, unit 7296 7511 8273 9394 10361 11090
including:
Trucks 1190 1132 1212 1295 1294 1371
Buses 133 102 105 119 119 130
Number of vehicles for public transportation 5800 6217 6888 7899 8850 9481
Personal cars 5692 6147 6819 7826 8776 9404
Vehicles for special purposes 103 49 54 51 32 74
Other vehicles 70 11 14 30 66 34

CommunicationEdit

In 2016, the total cost of various communication services was worth 805.2 thousand AZN provided by enterprises located within the district or Azerbaijan. It was 33.9 thousand AZN or 4.4% more than in 2015.[18][19]

Demographic informationEdit

The population of Goychay region is 111,400 (2011 census).[1] The average population density in the city equals to 145 persons per square km. Approximately 32.89% of the population lives in Goychay city, 67.11% live in the villages. Goychay is home to many nationalities. Ethnic composition is as follows:

  • Azeris - 99,086
  • Russians - 189
  • Lezgis - 1,054
  • Ukrainians - 58
  • Turks - 36
  • Jews - 22
  • Tatars - 28
  • Avars - 2
  • Georgians - 2
  • Kurds - 6
  • Armenians - 3
  • Other nationalities - 25[7]


Prominent people from GoychayEdit

Ramil Huseynov

FestivalsEdit

Goychay Pomegranate Festival is considered the major event takes place annually in the city of Goychay in Azerbaijan starting on 3 November 2006 by Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Executive Authority of the Goychay Region. The event embraces a fair and an exhibition of Azerbaijani fruit-cuisine that presents different varieties of pomegranates as well as many kinds of pomegranate products produced in local enterprises. Within the framework of this event, holding a parade has become an integral part of the festival which includes traditional Azerbaijani dances and Azerbaijani music. The competitions such as the biggest pomegranate or pomegranate eating competition are minor events held to make the festival more attractive for the visitors. Festival usually takes place in autumn (mainly in October).[22][23]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Regionların inkişafı və Dövlət Proqramları Şöbəsi: Göyçay rayonu". Regional Development and State Programmes Department. Archived from the original on 23 February 2011. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  2. ^ "Şəhərlərarası telefon kodları". Aztelekom MMC. Aztelekom İB. Retrieved 19 August 2015. (in Azerbaijani)
  3. ^ "GeoNames. Göyçay Rayonu". GeoNames. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  4. ^ "Goychay Library System". Archived from the original on 24 March 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  5. ^ "Coğrafi mövqeyi. İqlimi".
  6. ^ "Coğrafi mövqeyi. Hidroqrafiya( Daxili sular)".
  7. ^ a b c "Administrative units. Göyçay rayonu" (PDF). Retrieved 27 May 2011.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ a b "İqtisadiyyat. 2016-cı ildə Göyçay rayonunun iqtisadi və sosial inkişafının makroiqtisadi göstəriciləri".
  9. ^ a b "Göyçay rayonu. Sənaye".
  10. ^ a b c d "INTERNATIONAL GEOGRAPHER. Kur-Araz natural-economic zones. Aran (Kur-Araz) economic region".
  11. ^ "Statistics Committee on Goychay region". Archived from the original on 28 June 2011. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  12. ^ Goychay region[permanent dead link]
  13. ^ "Wine making in Azerbaijan" (PDF).
  14. ^ "İqtisadiyyat. Kənd təsərrüfatı. 2016-cı ildə Göyçay rayonunun iqtisadi və sosial inkişafının makroiqtisadi göstəriciləri".
  15. ^ "Göyçay rayonu. Kənd təsərrifatı".
  16. ^ "Göyçay rayonu. Nəqliyyat".
  17. ^ "İqtisadiyyat. Nəqliyyat. 2016-cı ildə Göyçay rayonunun iqtisadi və sosial inkişafının makroiqtisadi göstəriciləri".
  18. ^ "Göyçay rayonu. Rabitə".
  19. ^ "İqtisadiyyat. Rabitə. 2016-cı ildə Göyçay rayonunun iqtisadi və sosial inkişafının makroiqtisadi göstəriciləri".
  20. ^ "Görkəmli şəxsiyyətlər". Archived from the original on 24 March 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  21. ^ az:Emin Mahmudov (yazıçı)
  22. ^ "The Pomegranate Festival in Goychay (2016)".
  23. ^ "Göyçayda nar bayramı keçirilib".

External linksEdit