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Gotemba (御殿場市, Gotenba-shi, sometimes Gotenba) is a city on the southeastern flank of Mount Fuji in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 30 June 2019, the city had an estimated population of 88,370 in 36,096 households [1], and a population density of 450 persons per km². The total area of the city is 194.90 square kilometres (75.25 sq mi).

Gotemba

御殿場市
Mount Fuji as seen from the Gotemba Premium Outlets on the outskirts of the city
Mount Fuji as seen from the Gotemba Premium Outlets on the outskirts of the city
Flag of Gotemba
Flag
Official logo of Gotemba
Emblem
Location of Gotemba in Shizuoka Prefecture
Location of Gotemba in Shizuoka Prefecture
Gotemba is located in Japan
Gotemba
Gotemba
 
Coordinates: 35°18′31.3″N 138°56′4.6″E / 35.308694°N 138.934611°E / 35.308694; 138.934611Coordinates: 35°18′31.3″N 138°56′4.6″E / 35.308694°N 138.934611°E / 35.308694; 138.934611
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Tōkai)
PrefectureShizuoka
Government
 • MayorYōhei Wakabayashi
Area
 • Total194.90 km2 (75.25 sq mi)
Population
 (June 30, 2019)
 • Total88,370
 • Density450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• TreeJapanese zelkova
• FlowerSakura
• BirdJapanese thrush
Phone number0550-83-1212
Address483 Hagiwara, Gotemba-shi, Shizuoka-ken 412-8601
WebsiteOfficial website

GeographyEdit

Gotemba is located in far eastern Shizuoka Prefecture at an altitude of 250–600 metres (820–1,970 ft). Mount Fuji is located to the west, and Mount Hakone to the east, with the Tanzawa Mountains to the north and Mount Ashitaka to the south. The area is noted for its numerous golf courses, with the Mitsui Sumitomo Visa Taiheiyo Masters taking place annually.

Surrounding municipalitiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[2] the population of Gotemba has grown over the past 50 years.

YearPop.±%
1960 45,709—    
1970 55,997+22.5%
1980 69,261+23.7%
1990 79,557+14.9%
2000 82,533+3.7%
2010 89,028+7.9%

ClimateEdit

The city has a climate characterized by characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Gotemba is 12.3 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1940 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 23.8 °C, and lowest in January, at around 1.4 °C.[3]

Climate data for Gotemba, Shizuoka (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.3
(59.5)
20.3
(68.5)
22.2
(72.0)
25.5
(77.9)
28.2
(82.8)
32.7
(90.9)
33.7
(92.7)
34.7
(94.5)
33.0
(91.4)
28.4
(83.1)
22.7
(72.9)
20.2
(68.4)
34.7
(94.5)
Average high °C (°F) 7.7
(45.9)
8.1
(46.6)
11.2
(52.2)
16.5
(61.7)
20.4
(68.7)
23.1
(73.6)
26.6
(79.9)
28.4
(83.1)
25.1
(77.2)
20.0
(68.0)
15.1
(59.2)
10.4
(50.7)
17.7
(63.9)
Average low °C (°F) −2.1
(28.2)
−1.6
(29.1)
1.6
(34.9)
6.6
(43.9)
11.4
(52.5)
15.6
(60.1)
19.6
(67.3)
20.5
(68.9)
17.1
(62.8)
10.9
(51.6)
5.2
(41.4)
0.2
(32.4)
8.8
(47.8)
Record low °C (°F) −8.8
(16.2)
−12.2
(10.0)
−8.8
(16.2)
−4.8
(23.4)
2.4
(36.3)
8.0
(46.4)
11.3
(52.3)
13.5
(56.3)
7.0
(44.6)
0.9
(33.6)
−4.8
(23.4)
−7.7
(18.1)
−12.2
(10.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 102.7
(4.04)
127.9
(5.04)
257.7
(10.15)
242.6
(9.55)
260.5
(10.26)
321.7
(12.67)
302.3
(11.90)
304.3
(11.98)
368.2
(14.50)
266.5
(10.49)
180.5
(7.11)
84.4
(3.32)
2,819.1
(110.99)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 165.3 149.4 144.5 161.6 143.0 103.5 116.4 154.2 117.5 130.2 146.8 166.5 1,700.7
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency[4]
Source #2: Japan Meteorological Agency[4]

HistoryEdit

 
Gotemba in the early 1940s
 
A street in Gotemba
 
Gotemba City Hall
 
Mt. Fuji and city of Gotemba

Gotemba was the site of a shōen belonging to Ise Shrine in the Heian period. During the Edo period the area was part of Odawara Domain. After the start of the Meiji period, it became part of Shizuoka Domain until the abolition of the han system in 1871 and the establishment of Shizuoka Prefecture. The opening of Gotemba Station on what was then the Tōkaidō Main Line on February 1, 1889, spurred development of the area. With the establishment of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889, Gotemba Town was created within Suntō District, along with Fujioka Village, Harasato Village, Ino Village, Tamaho Village, and Takane Village.[5]

However, the opening of the Tanna Tunnel on December 1, 1934, resulted in the route of Tōkaidō Main Line shifting south to Atami, leaving Gotemba on the spur Gotemba Line, which resulted in temporary depopulation. During the pre-war era, Gotemba was a major base area for the Imperial Japanese Army, and still houses military facilities and a large training area (the East Fuji Maneuver Area) for the modern Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force and the United States Marine Corps.[citation needed]

Gotemba was elevated to city status on February 11, 1955, through the merger of Gotemba Town with neighboring Fujioka Village, Harasato Village, Ino Village, and Tamaho Village. The city expanded through annexation of Takane Village on January 1, 1956 and the Furusawa District of Oyama Town on September 1, 1957. The Gotemba Interchange on the Tōmei Expressway was completed on May 25, 1969.[citation needed]

GovernmentEdit

Gotemba has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 21 members.

EconomyEdit

Gotemba has a mixed economy. Agriculture has traditionally been dominated by rice, irrigated by water from Mount Fuji, and has been supplemented by the growing of various green vegetables and the raising of pigs. Development of light industries, especially in food processing and electronics has profited through Gotemba's location on the Tōmei Expressway, and Gotemba is noted for a number of golf courses and a spacious outlet shopping center.

Retailing company Chelsea Japan rented former Gotemba Family Land Amusement Park, and officially opened in July 2000 as Gotemba Premium Outlets.[6]

EducationEdit

Gotemba has ten public elementary schools and six public junior high schools operated by the city government, and two public high schools operated by the Shizuoka Prefectural Board of Education. The city also have one private high school, and the prefectural also operates one special education school for the disabled.

TransportationEdit

Sister citiesEdit

Military installationsEdit

Local attractionsEdit

The Peace Pagoda built in 1964 by Nipponzan-Myōhōji-Daisanga is a noted symbol of the city.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gotemba City official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. ^ Gotemba population statistics
  3. ^ Gotemba climate data
  4. ^ a b "平年値(年・月ごとの値)". JMA. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
  5. ^ Gotemba city official home page(in Japanese)
  6. ^ "Chelsea Japan Expands Gotemba Premium Outlets; Center Is Japan's Largest Outlet Shopping Destination". www.businesswire.com. July 8, 2003. Retrieved 2017-07-02.
  7. ^ a b "US-Japan Sister Cities by State". Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center. Retrieved 20 November 2015.

External linksEdit