Gobustan is an administrative district, or rayon, of Azerbaijan. Area 1,369.4 km²; population 37,137; population density 27 persons/km². Its administrative centre, Qobustan (not to be confused with Qobustan, Baku) was known as Maraza until 2009, and is located about 80 km (50 mi) west of Baku. From 1930 until 1943 and again from 1960 until 1990 the territory belonged to Shamakhi administrative district.
Map of Azerbaijan showing Gobustan Rayon
|• Total||1,369.4 km2 (528.7 sq mi)|
|• Total||46.1 thousand|
|Time zone||UTC+4 (AZT)|
|Telephone code||(+994) 20|
The first name of Gobustan was Duvanni, which was a part of Hajigabul district in 1945-1994. Duvanni district was established in 1950-1954 and included Alat, Atbulag, Cheyildagh, and Sangachal settlements. In 1956, Duvanni was given to the administration of Garadagh (then Molotov) district. The name of Duvanni was changed to Gobustan in 1972.
The name of Gobustan was originated from the word “Gobu”, which means “beam” in Azerbaijani.
There are 34 villages and 1 settlement – Settlement Maraza. Number of infant schools is 6 and general education schools is 30 in Gobustan district. There are 23 cultural centers, 3 hospitals and medical enterprises, and 6 big and middle enterprises as well.
Statistics for the beginning of 2018 show that the number of population in Gobustan district is 46.1 thousand people, of which 9.4 thousand live in urban areas, while 36.7 thousand people live in rural areas.
The territory of Gobustan ranges from the shores of the Caspian Sea to Mount Gijaki, the highest point in eastern part the Greater Caucasus. Peculiarities of Gobustan landscape are the rocks of lime and sandstone in the middle territory of the district, and mud volcanoes, which are located in the east part of Gobustan.
Semi-arid climate is specific to Gobustan. Winters are mild, and summers are hot in there. Rain periods are early spring and late autumn. The annual precipitation is 250 mm. The western part of Gobustan is more precipitated in autumn and spring than eastern part of Gobustan since Kura lowlands covers the western part. The highest mean temperature is observed in July (32 C) and the lowest mean temperature occurs in January (-1.6 C).
Flora of Gobustan is rich with 470 species of plants out of 4000 species in Azerbaijan. The vegetation of Gobustan has dessert and semi-dessert characteristics. Wild rose, Hibernian honeysuckle, wild pear, wild pomegranate, wild fig, and juniper can be found in Gobustan.
There are approximately 110 wild bird species in Gobustan region. 53 of them are included in special European conversation concern, 9 of them are included in the Azerbaijan Red Data Book, and 9 of them are listed by the International Union for Conversation of Nature (IUNC).
Number of mammal species in Gobustan reaches to 28. Two of them are included in the Azerbaijan Red Book and one species is listed in the IUCN. There are 2 species of amphibians and 20 species of reptiles in Gobustan. Testudo greaca is included in the Red Book Data of Azerbaijan and IUCN.
Agriculture is the core of the Gobustan economy. The most important agricultural product in the region is grain. Approximately, the annual production of grain is 1 ton per person. Other major agricultural products are potato, cabbage, tomato, grape, pea, sunflower, and melon.
Gobustan District CourtEdit
- "Şəhərlərarası telefon kodları". Aztelekom MMC. Aztelekom İB. Retrieved 19 August 2015. (in Azerbaijani)
- Gobustan District Court
- "Ganja Regional Culture and Tourism Department". regex.mctgov.az. Retrieved 2018-09-06.
- "Information on the administrative-territorial units". azerbaijan.az. Retrieved 2018-09-06.
- Samadov, Anar. "Population | The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2018-09-06.
- Schmidt, Sebastian (2009). Potential Analysis for Further Nature Conservation in Azerbaijan: A Spatial and Political Investment Strategy. Greifswald: Geozon Science Media. ISBN 3941971018.
- Permanent Delegation of the Republic of Azerbaijan to UNESCO. "Gobustan". unesco.mfa.gov.az. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
- "Rayon haqqında - QOBUSTAN RAYON Icra Hakimiyyəti". qobustan-ih.gov.az (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 2018-09-07.