GlobaLeaks is an open-source, free software intended to enable secure and anonymous whistleblowing initiatives.

Stable release
4.15.3[1] / 22 April 2024; 26 days ago (22 April 2024)
Written inPython, JavaScript
Operating systemLinux
LicenseAffero General Public License

History edit

The project started on 15 December 2010[2] and the first software prototype was announced on 6 September 2011.[3]

Relevant figures in the first development are Arturo Filastò, Claudio Agosti, Fabio Pietrosanti, Giovanni Pellerano, and Michele Orrù.[4]

Operation edit

GlobaLeaks utilizes Tor Onion Services to guarantee the anonymity of the source.[5]

Once the submission is performed the data is encrypted and made available only to configured recipients.[6] The platform does not store anything permanently and the submitted information and files are deleted as soon as possible with a strict data retention policy.[7][8]

The process is generally improved by suggesting sources and recipients to use Qubes OS or Tails operating systems while connecting to the platform.

Implementations edit

By 2023, GlobaLeaks has been internationalized in 90+ languages and implemented by several thousands projects and initiatives all over the world. The vast range of adopters include independent media, activists, media agencies, corporations, and more.

In 2013, Free Press Unlimited (FPU),[9] an in The Netherlands based non-profit organization, created Publeaks NL[10][11] a foundation that counts around 20 of the country's biggest media organizations among its members that uses the platform to perform investigative journalism under a same umbrella project.

FPU has replicated this successful model in other countries creating MéxicoLeaks,[12] IndonesiaLeaks,[13][14] and Kenekanko[15] in Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria and Mali respectively. MexicoLeaks aimed at revealing information for the public interest in Mexico was awarded in 2016 the FRIDA award.[16] Another project, Africaleaks, was discontinued.[17]

AWP, a Belgium-based organization, created Ljost (Iceland), Filtrala (Spain), EcuadorTransparente (Ecuador)[18][19] and PeruLeaks (Peru).[20]

One of the most successful GlobaLeaks projects is WildLeaks, the world's first whistleblower initiative dedicated to Wildlife and Forest Crime funded and managed by the Elephant Action League (EAL) which reported and investigated various crimes. One of the investigations was highlighted in the award-winning Netflix documentary The Ivory Game.[21][22][23]

GlobaLeaks also partnered with major anticorruption and human rights NGOs like Transparency International (Allerta Anticorruzione),[24] OCCRP (OCCRPLeaks) and Amnesty International (Amlea).[25]

In 2017, Xnet, an activist project which has been working on and for networked democracy and digital rights since 2008, launched in the Barcelona City Hall the first public Anti-Corruption Complaint Box using anonymity protection technology like Tor and GlobaLeaks ("Bústia Ètica" in Catalan). With this pioneering project, the Barcelona City Hall is the first municipal government to invite citizens to use tools which enable them to send information in a way that is secure, that guarantees privacy and gives citizens the option to be totally anonymous.[26]

In 2018 the Italian Anti-Corruption Authority (ANAC), an administrative watchdog, launched their national online whistleblowing platform using GlobaLeaks and onion services, giving whistleblowers who come forward a secure way to report illegal activity while protecting their identities.[27]

Since 2020 the software is now recommended by Transparency International among the available secure, ethical and free solutions that could be used to implement whistleblowing systems for anticorruption purposes.[28]

Funding edit

The GlobaLeaks project maintains public and transparent documentation of the funds and partners that have supported its research and development.[29]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Release 4.15.3". 22 April 2024. Retrieved 23 April 2024.
  2. ^ Pietrosanti, Fabio (15 December 2010). "An idea of leaking alternative to wikileaks". Full Disclosure.
  3. ^ Filastò, Arturo (6 September 2011). "GlobaLeaks demo of the Prototype online!". Full Disclosure (Mailing list). Retrieved 21 January 2012.
  4. ^ "AUTHORS". GitHub. Retrieved 2 February 2021.
  5. ^ Steele, Shari. "Tor at the Heart: GlobaLeaks". Tor Blog. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  6. ^ "GlobaLeaks Encryption Protocol". Retrieved 20 June 2021.
  7. ^ "GlobaLeaks Threat Model". Retrieved 20 June 2021.
  8. ^ "GlobaLeaks Application Security". Retrieved 20 June 2021.
  9. ^ "Publeaks connects whistleblowers with the media". Retrieved 17 March 2021.
  10. ^ "Vanaf vandaag: anoniem lekken naar media via doorgeefluik Publeaks". Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  11. ^ "Handling ethical problems in counterterrorism An inventory of methods to support ethical decisionmaking" (PDF). RAND Corporation. Retrieved 24 February 2014.
  12. ^ "Mexicoleaks". Retrieved 17 March 2021.
  13. ^ "IndonesiaLeaks". Retrieved 17 March 2021.
  14. ^ "". Retrieved 17 March 2021.
  15. ^ "Kenekanko".
  16. ^ "Frida Award by MexicoLeaks". Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  17. ^ Cummings, Basia (13 January 2015). "Wikileaks for Africa? Introducing Afrileaks". The Guardian.
  18. ^ Rodriguez, Katitza (24 April 2016). "Leaked Documents Confirm Ecuador's Internet Censorship Machine". Electronic Frontier Foundation. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  19. ^ Franceschi Biccherai, Lorenzo (14 April 2016). "Ecuador Briefly Censored Google and YouTube, Leaked Document Shows". Vice. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  20. ^ "La República se suma a 'Perúleaks'". La República. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  21. ^ Neme, Lauren. "New WildLeaks Website Invites Whistle-Blowers on Wildlife Crime". National Geographic. Archived from the original on 2 March 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  22. ^ Drake, Nadia. "A New Website That Lets Tipsters Report Wildlife Crimes". Wired. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  23. ^ Carrington, Damian (12 June 2014). "WildLeaks attracts major wildlife crime leads in first three months". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
  24. ^ "Allerta Anticorruzione project by Transparency International". Archived from the original on 19 March 2016. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  25. ^ "Amlea project by Amnesy International". Archived from the original on 23 February 2019. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  26. ^ "Xnet installs a Whistleblowing Platform against corruption for the City Hall of Barcelona – powered by GlobaLeaks and Tor friendly".   Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported license.
  27. ^ "Italian Anti-Corruption Authority (ANAC) Adopts Onion Services".
  28. ^ Jenkins, Matthew. "Overview of Whistleblowing Software". [Transparency International]. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  29. ^ "Funding". Retrieved 2 February 2021.

External links edit