Glenmore Forest Park
Glenmore Forest Park is a remnant of the Caledonian Forest near Aviemore in the Badenoch and Strathspey district of Highland, Scotland. It lies within the Cairngorms National Park, and is one of six forest parks in the country. The forest park, which was established in 1948, covers 35.7 km2, of which 21.1 km2 is designated as a national nature reserve (NNR). Glenmore surrounds Loch Morlich, and is below the rise of the Cairngorms to the south; to the north the park extends to the summit of Meall a' Bhuachaille. The forest forms part of an expanse of Caledonian Forest that stretches from Glen Feshie to Abernethy, and which as a whole forms the largest single area of this habitat remaining in Scotland. The forest is home to much wildlife including Scottish crossbills, crested tits, capercaillie, narrow-headed ants, red squirrels and red deer.
|Glenmore National Nature Reserve|
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
|Area||21.1 km2 (8.1 sq mi)|
|Designation||Scottish Natural Heritage|
|Owner||Forestry and Land Scotland|
The Sportscotland National Centre Glenmore Lodge is situated about 1.5 km east of Loch Morlich, and is surrounded by the park. During the Second World War the area was a training base for Norwegian resistance fighters, who are commemorated by a memorial located near to the visitor centre.
Flora and faunaEdit
As a Caledonian Forest, the predominant tree species at Glenmore is Scots pine. Around half of the pines originate as a result of natural processes, whilst the remainder have been planted using seeds of local origin. Broadleaved species such as birch, willow and rowan are also present, and there are areas of juniper scrub and alder. Trees are expanding on to areas of open heath, and a natural tree line is developing at the upper edge of the forest. The forest floor is home to many species associated with native pinewoods including one-flowered wintergreen, twinflower, small cranberry and intermediate wintergreen.
Glenmore Forest is important for many bird species, especially Scottish crossbill and capercaillie. In 2006 Glenmore was identified as having the highest productivity of capercaillie for any monitored site in Scotland. Golden eagles can be seen over parts of the forest, and ospreys regularly hunt over Loch Morlich. Peregrine falcons and merlins also hunt in the area, and occasionally breed at Glenmore. Dotterel can occasionally be found on the higher parts of the area, above the tree line, although they normally prefer the open habitats of the mountain plateau. The rivers and lochs of the forest provide a home for otters, and are an important spawning area for Atlantic salmon.
Extraction of timber from Glenmore dates back to at least the 17th century, with large scale extraction beginning in 1783. Felling continued into the 20th century, and the area was also used to graze sheep, and as a deer forest. During this period little tree regeneration occurred. The Forestry Commission acquired Glenmore in 1923, and began to restock the wood, using Scots pines and non-native species such as Norway spruce and Sitka spruce. The area was declared a forest park 1948, and became a national nature reserve in 2007. Forestry and Land Scotland now plan to remove all non-native tree species, and replant areas with Scots pine of local provenance and other native trees.
In addition to its status as a national nature reserve and a forest park Glenmore is also designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI), and forms part of the Cairngorms Special Protection Area (SPA). There are also two Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) that overlap with the NNR: the Cairngorms SAC and the River Spey SAC. The NNR is classified as a Category IV protected area by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.
- "Site Details for Glenmore NNR". Scottish Natural Heritage. 2018-05-02. Retrieved 2018-05-23.
- Glenmore Forest SSSI Site Management Statement. p. 6.
- "Forest Parks", Forestry Commission Scotland, retrieved 3 May 2018
- Glenmore Forest SSSI Site Management Statement. p. 5.
- "National Forest Estate Forest Parks GB". Scottish Government Spatial Data Infrastructure. 2017-09-21. Retrieved 2018-05-14.
- "Site Details for Glenmore National Nature Reserve". Scottish Natural Heritage. Retrieved 2018-05-23.
- Glenmore Forest SSSI Site Management Statement. p. 1.
- "Wildlife in Glenmore Forest Park". Forestry Commission Scotland. Retrieved 2018-05-23.
- "Site Details for Glenmore SSSI". Scottish Natural Heritage. Retrieved 2018-05-23.
- "Around us". Glenmore Lodge. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
- "Glenmore Visitor Centre". Forestry Commission Scotland. Retrieved 2018-05-23.
- Bane (2013), p. 252
- Glenmore Forest SSSI Site Management Statement. p. 2.
- "Glenmore in United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland". Protected Planet. 2018-05-02. Retrieved 2018-05-23.