|15th Prime Minister of Italy|
24 June 1900 – 15 February 1901
|Monarch||Umberto I |
Victor Emmanuel III
|Preceded by||Luigi Pelloux|
|Succeeded by||Giuseppe Zanardelli|
|Born||6 October 1821|
Bistagno, Kingdom of Sardinia
|Died||9 January 1907 (aged 85)|
Bistagno, Kingdom of Italy
|Political party||Historical Left|
After qualifying as an advocate, he entered the Piedmontese parliament in 1849. He was a supporter of Cavour. After Cavour died in 1861, Saracco joined the party of Rattazzi and became under-secretary of state for public works in the Rattazzi cabinet of 1862. In 1864 Sella appointed Saracco as secretary-general of finance, and after being created senator in 1865, he acquired considerable fame as a financial authority.
In 1879 he succeeded in postponing the total abolition of the grist tax, and was throughout a fierce opponent of Magliani's loose financial administration. Selected as minister of public works by Depretis in 1887, and by Crispi in 1893, he worked to mitigate the worst consequences of Depretis's corruptly extravagant policy, and introduced a sounder system of government participation in public works.
In November 1898 he was elected president of the senate, and in June 1900 he succeeded in forming a Cabinet of pacification after the Obstructionist crisis which had caused the downfall of General Pelloux. His term of office was clouded by the assassination of King Umberto (29 July 1900), and his administration was brought to an end in February 1901 by a vote of the chamber condemning his weak attitude towards a general dock strike at Genoa.
After February 1901 Saracco resumed his functions as president of the senate, but on the advent of the third Giolitti cabinet, he was not reappointed to that position.
Saracco received the supreme honour of the knighthood of the Annunziata from King Umberto in 1898.
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- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Saracco, Giuseppe". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
| President of the Italian Senate
| Prime Minister of Italy
| Italian Minister of the Interior|