Gitaru Hydroelectric Power Station

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The Gitaru Hydroelectric Power Station, also known as the Gitaru Dam, is a rock and earth-filled embankment dam on the Tana River in Kenya. It straddles the border between Embu and Machakos Counties in the former Eastern Province. The primary purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power generation, and it supports a 225 megawatt power station.[1]

Gitaru Hydroelectric Power Station
Gitaru Hydroelectric Power Station is located in Kenya
Gitaru Hydroelectric Power Station
Location of Gitaru Hydroelectric Power Station in Kenya
CountryKenya
LocationEmbu County/Machakos County
Coordinates00°47′43″S 37°45′09″E / 0.79528°S 37.75250°E / -0.79528; 37.75250Coordinates: 00°47′43″S 37°45′09″E / 0.79528°S 37.75250°E / -0.79528; 37.75250
PurposePower
StatusOperational
Construction began1975
Opening date1978; 43 years ago (1978)
Owner(s)Kenya Electricity Generating Company
Dam and spillways
Type of damEmbankment
ImpoundsTana River
Height30 m (98 ft)
Length580 m (1,900 ft)
Spillway capacity4,500 m3/s (160,000 cu ft/s)
Reservoir
Total capacity16,000,000 m3 (13,000 acre⋅ft)
Normal elevation924 m (3,031 ft)
Gitaru Hydroelectric Power Station
Coordinates00°47′43″S 37°45′09″E / 0.79528°S 37.75250°E / -0.79528; 37.75250
Operator(s)Kenya Electricity Generating Company
Commission date1999 (Unit 3)
TypeRun-of-the-river
Hydraulic head136 m (446 ft)
Turbines2 x 72 MW, 1 x 81 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity225 MW (302,000 hp)

LocationEdit

The power station is located approximately 16.5 kilometres (10 mi), by road, east of the town of Mavuria in Embu County.[2] This is approximately 161 kilometres (100 mi), by road, northeast of Nairobi, Kenya's capital city.[3] The geographical coordinates of Gitaru Power Station are:00°47'43.0"S, 37°45'09.0"E (Latitude:-0.795278; Longitude:37.752500).[4]

HistoryEdit

Construction of the dam began in 1975 and was completed in 1978. The third generating set, mobilizing the full potential of the power station was not commissioned until 1999.[5] The World Bank lent US$63 million towards the development of this power station. The station is operated by the Kenya Electricity Generating Company and is part of the Seven Forks Scheme.[6]

OverviewEdit

The 30 m (98 ft) tall dam withholds a 16,000,000 m3 (13,000 acre⋅ft) reservoir. The relatively small reservoir relies on steady releases from the Masinga and Kamburu Dams upstream. The run-of-the-river power station is located underground near the left abutment. It contains two 72 megawatt and one 81 megawatt Francis turbine-generators. Water released from the station is returned to the Tana at the Kindaruma Reservoir via a 4.7 km (2.9 mi) long tailrace tunnel. The difference in elevation between the reservoir and power station affords a net hydraulic head of 136 m (446 ft).[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ KenGen (2010). "About Gitaru Hydroelectric Power Station". Nairobi: Kenya Electricity Generating Company. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  2. ^ Google (28 September 2020). "Road Distance Between Mavuria And Gitaru Hydroelectric Power Station" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  3. ^ Google (28 September 2020). "Road Distance Between Nairobi And Gitaru Hydroelectric Power Station" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  4. ^ Google (28 September 2020). "Location of Gitaru Hydroelectric Power Station" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  5. ^ KenGen (17 April 2016). "History of Gitaru Hydroelectric Power Station". Nairobi: Kenya Electricity Generating Company. Archived from the original (Archived from the original on 17 April 2016) on 17 April 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  6. ^ World Bank (1975). "Kenya - Gitaru Hydroelectric Project (English)". Washington, DC: World Bank. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  7. ^ "Kenya - Appraisal of the Gitaru Hydroelectric Project" (PDF). World Bank. 23 May 1975. pp. Annex 5. Retrieved 21 February 2015.