Gipsy Kings

Gipsy Kings are a group of flamenco, salsa, and pop musicians from Arles and Montpellier in the south of France, who perform in a mixture of languages, mostly in Spanish, but also mixing southern French dialects.[1] Although the group members were born in France, their parents were mostly gitanos, Spanish Romani who fled Spain during the 1930s Spanish Civil War. They are known for bringing rumba flamenco, a pop-oriented music distantly derived from traditional flamenco music, to worldwide audiences. The group originally called itself Los Reyes.

Gipsy Kings
Gipsy Kings performing in Germany (2016)
Gipsy Kings performing in Germany (2016)
Background information
OriginArles, France
GenresRumba flamenco, pop, rock
Years active1978–present
LabelsElektra, Nonesuch, Columbia/SME
Websitegipsykings.com
MembersNicolas Reyes
Tonino Baliardo
Past membersCanut Reyes
Chico Bouchikhi
Andre Reyes
Jacques Baliardo
Maurice Baliardo
Pablo Reyes
Patchai Reyes
Jorge Trasante

CareerEdit

Gipsy Kings, born in France but brought up within Spanish culture, are largely responsible for bringing the sounds of progressive pop-oriented flamenco to a worldwide audience. The band started out in Arles, a town in southern France, during the 1970s, when brothers Nicolas and Andre Reyes, the sons of flamenco artist Jose Reyes, teamed up with their cousins Jacques, Maurice, and Tonino Baliardo.[2] At the time, Reyes and Manitas de Plata were a duo who triggered the wider popularity of rumba flamenca (also known as Spanish or gypsy rumba). When Reyes split from Manitas de Plata, he started made up of his sons, which he called Los Reyes (as well as being their family name, reyes means "kings" in Spanish).

Los Reyes started out as a gypsy band. They traveled around France, playing at weddings, festivals, and in the streets. Because they lived so much like gypsies, the band adopted the name Gipsy Kings. Later, they were hired to add color to upper-class parties in such places as St. Tropez, but their first two albums attracted little notice. At this point, the Gipsies played traditional flamenco invigorated by Tonino Baliardo's guitar playing and Nicolas Reyes' voice.

The Gipsy King lineup featured a combination of left and right-handed guitarists; three of the Reyes brothers (Nicolas, Andre', and Patchai) play guitar left-handed, and play left-hand (and sometimes right-hand) guitars that are strung for right-handers (i.e., with the low "E" string on the bottom), while Diego Baliardo plays a left-handed guitar that is strung for left hand (i.e., with the low "E" string on the top). Together with right-handers Canut and Paul Reyes, and Paco Baliardo, these guitarists focus on delivering the strong underpinning rhythms while the more complex leads are performed by the right-handed and conventionally-styled Tonino Baliardo.[citation needed]

SuccessEdit

Gipsy Kings became popular with their self-titled third album, which included the songs "Djobi Djoba", "Bamboléo", and the ballad "Un Amor".

Gipsy Kings was released in the United States in 1989 and spent 40 weeks on the charts, one of few Spanish-language albums to do so.[3] The band covered "I've Got No Strings" for the 1991 Disney video and compilation album Simply Mad About the Mouse. Their cover version of "Hotel California" was an example of fast flamenco guitar leads and rhythmic strumming; it was featured in the 1998 Coen Brothers' movie The Big Lebowski.[4] The 2010 film Toy Story 3 featured their rendition of "You've Got a Friend in Me", a Spanish-language version titled "Hay un Amigo en Mi", and performed in a recognisably flamenco style.[5] "Bamboleo" was featured in a grocery store scene in the 2016 film Sing.

The band have been criticised by flamenco purists, but Nicolas Reyes has said in an interview that the flamenco world is not in great shape itself and that the band are proud of their success. Their 1997 album Compas contains more traditional flamenco music.[6]

Solo projectsEdit

 
French-born vocalist Nicolas Reyes remains the frontman of the recording act

Some of the individual members of the band have put out their own albums. In 1988, Canut Reyes released his solo project Boléro. He has since released a second solo album, titled Gitano. André Reyes recorded a solo album in 1992, but never released it officially. Unlicensed copies were acquired by fans and released online.[citation needed] Tonino Baliardo released his own instrumental album, Essences, in 2001, re-released in 2003.

CollaborationsEdit

Gipsy Kings have collaborated with many renowned artists. These efforts include "Speaking of Dreams" with Joan Baez in 1990, "My Way" with Francis Cabrel in 1993, a version of Bob Marley's "One Love" sung with his son Ziggy Marley, and Georges Reyes' song "Donde esta el amor" with Nicolas Reyes in 2006. They also performed "Get Up!" with Captain Jack, and covered a version of the Doobie Brothers' "Long Train Running" with Bananarama on their Pop Life album, under the pseudonym Alma de Noche.[citation needed]

MembersEdit

Gipsy Kings originally consisted of two parent families: Reyes and Baliardo. The Reyes brothers, sons of Jose Reyes, are nephews of Manitas de Plata. The Baliardo brothers are his sons.[7]

  • Nicolas Reyes – founder, lead singer
  • François (Canut) Reyes – vocals, guitar
  • Andre Reyes – vocals, guitar
  • Patchai Reyes – vocal, guitar
  • Pablo (Paul) Reyes – guitar
  • Tonino Baliardo – founder, lead guitarist
  • Diego Baliardo – guitar
  • Paco Baliardo – guitar

Chico Bouchikhi, co-founder of the group, a son-in-law of Jose Reyes, was also a member but left after the 1989 album Mosaïque to create his own band, Chico & The Gypsies.

As of 2015, only founding members Nicolas Reyes and Tonino Baliardo remain in the current Gipsy Kings lineup; current tour promotional notices bill them as "The Gipsy Kings (featuring Nicolas Reyes and Tonino Baliardo)"

DiscographyEdit

AlbumsEdit

Live albums
  • 1992: Live – Nominated for a Grammy Award for Best World Music Album
  • 2014: Gipsy Kings Live
Compilation albums

SinglesEdit

Year Single Charts Certification Album
  FRA   ITA   NED   BEL   GER   AUT    SWI   IRL   UK   AUS   US   US
SNEP
[9]
FIMI Dutch Singles Chart Ultratop Media Control Charts Austrian Singles Chart Swiss Singles Chart Irish Singles Chart UK Singles Chart Australian Singles Chart Hot Dance Club Songs Hot Latin Songs
1987 "Djobi, Djoba" 15 Gipsy Kings
"Bamboléo" 7
"Djobi, Djoba / Bamboléo" (double A side) 3
1988 "Bamboléo" (US/EUR) 3 5 23 18 12 6
"Djobi, Djoba" (US/NED) 34
"Bem Bem Maria"
1989 "A Mi Manera (My Way)"
"Bamboléo" (UK/AUS) 19
"Vamos A Bailar" 3 Mosaique
"Soy" 20 43 25
"Volare" 16 31 26 24 90 1
1990 "Caminando Por La Calle"
1991 "Hotel California" Rubáiyát: Elektra's 40th Anniversary
"Baila Me" 36 5 7 16 10 27 9 Este Mundo
"Sin Ella" 80 12
1992 "Pida Me La" 28 22 39 68 22 Greatest Hits
"Quiero Saber" 25 Live
1993 "La Quiero" Love & Liberté
"Escucha Me" 61
1994 "No Viviré" 29
"Summer Mixes - Hits Medley" 13 34 18 53 Greatest Hits
1995 "La Rumba De Nicolas" Estrellas
"A Ti A Ti"
1997 "Solo Por Ti (Amiwawa)" 22 Compas
"Lo Mal Y Lo Bien"
1998 "Oh Eh Oh Eh / La Fiesta Comenza" Various Artists - Allez! Ola! Olé!
1999 "Hotel California & Hit Mix '99" single only
"—" denotes a title that did not chart, or was not released in that territory.

DVDsEdit

ConcertsEdit

  • 1989: Live at the Royal Albert Hall – concert filmed for world tour of album Gipsy Kings
  • 1991: US Tour 1990 – filmed by Freddy Hauser, a concert in July 1990 at the Greek Theatre in Los Angeles during the tour for album Mosaïque
  • 2005: Live at the Kenwood House of London – concert during the album Roots

OtherEdit

  • 1990: Fuego! The videos – compilation of Gipsy Kings videos
  • 2004: Roots: The Recordings - Bonus DVD with the special edition of the album Roots

Other appearancesEdit

  • 1999: Captain Jack feat. The Gipsy Kings - Get Up! (single)
  • 2009: Zorro - A New West End Musical by The Gipsy Kings (soundtrack)
  • 2020: Takagi & Ketra feat. Elodie, Mariah and Gipsy Kings - "Ciclone"

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.radio.cz/es/rubrica/notas/gipsy-kings-presentaron-en-praga-su-ultimo-album-roots
  2. ^ Sullivan, Steve (2013). Encyclopedia of Great Popular Song Recordings. Scarecrow Press. pp. 143–145. ISBN 978-0-8108-8296-6.
  3. ^ Gray, Louise (2009). The No-Nonsense Guide to World Music. New Internationalist. pp. 23–25. ISBN 978-1-906523-70-1.
  4. ^ Jones, Jenny M. (2012). The Big Lebowski: An Illustrated, Annotated History of the Greatest Cult Film of All Time. Voyageur Press. p. 136. ISBN 978-0-7603-4279-4.
  5. ^ "Los Gipsy Kings graban un tema para 'Toy Story 3'" [The Gipsy Kings record the theme for 'Toy Story 3']. Demasiado Cine (in Spanish). May 5, 2010.
  6. ^ Wald, Elijah (2007). Global Minstrels: Voices of World Music. Routledge. pp. 192–194. ISBN 978-0-415-97929-0.
  7. ^ Walters, John L. (November 9, 2014). "Manitas de Plata obituary". The Guardian.
  8. ^ "Grammys 2014: The complete list of nominees and winners". Los Angeles Times. January 26, 2014. Retrieved 2015-01-28.
  9. ^ "Gypsy Kings discography page". LesCharts.com. Retrieved 2015-01-28.

External linksEdit