|President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies|
20 April 1929 – 19 January 1934
|Preceded by||Antonio Casertano|
|Succeeded by||Costanzo Ciano|
|2nd President of the Free State of Fiume|
22 March 1922 – 16 September 1923
|Preceded by||Riccardo Zanella|
|Succeeded by||Office abolished|
Gaetano Giardino (as military governor of Fiume)
|Born||4 August 1876|
Venice, Kingdom of Italy
|Died||6 May 1970 (aged 93)|
|Political party||Autonomist Association|
Italian Nationalist Association
National Fascist Party
Giuriati was born in Venice.
A law graduate and lawyer, he associated in 1903 with the irredentist group Trento e Trieste ("Trento and Trieste" – regions which it aimed to have secede from Austria-Hungary), and soon became its president. In early 1915, he channelled aid from Italians in Austria for the earthquake-hit town of Avezzano, and volunteered as a soldier in World War I. Wounded in the First Battle of the Isonzo, and again in the Third, he was twice decorated.
He returned to his legal practice as the war ended, but decided to follow the paramilitary movement of Gabriele D'Annunzio, as it attempted to seize the "unredeemed" and disputed port of Fiume (today Rijeka). When Giuriati arrived in Fiume, D’Annunzio made him his Prime Minister, but he resigned and left Fiume before it fell, having failed to persuade D’Annunzio to accept the modus vivendi proposed by the Italian government. D'Annunzio gave Giuriati command of the Carnaro legion in Zara and, in February 1920, sent him to Paris in a vain attempt to be admitted at the peace conference, as a representative of the military government of Fiume. Giuriati then worked to found the Fiume League, in opposition to the League of Nations, to represent all the peoples and interests sacrificed at Versailles.
The forces of Fiume were defeated in December 1920 by regular Italian troops, after they had ignored the provisions of the Treaty of Rapallo, and had even declared war on Italy. Nonetheless, Giuriati briefly served as provisional President of the territory after a coup d'état against the government of the Free State of Fiume in March 1922. Meanwhile, he had joined the Partito Nazionale Fascista (PNF), being elected to the Italian Chamber of Deputies in 1921.
After the March on Rome, Giovanni Giuriati became Minister of Freed Territories in the Benito Mussolini government, and took over the Ministry of Public Works in 1925. He was President of the Chamber of Deputies between 1929 and 1934, and national secretary of the PNF 1930-31. After 1934, he served as senator.
In 1943, he joined the condemnation of Italy's participation in the Axis, agreeing to the coup carried out by Dino Grandi inside the Grand Council of Fascism. The Italian Social Republic, a Fascist state recreated by Nazi Germany in Northern Italy, engineered the in absentia Verona trial against Grandi and his pro-Allies collaborators, during which Giuriati was sentenced to death. He escaped the wave of repression, and remained in liberated Italy. Charges of political corruption brought against him at the end of World War II were cleared, and Giuriati retired to a low profile life.
He died in Rome in 1970.
- Sircana, Giuseppe. "Giuriati, Giovanni Batista". treccani.it. Dizionario Biografico Degli Italiani. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
- Marco Zaganella (2013). L'Aquila e l'Abruzzo nella storia d'Italia: economia, società, dinamiche politiche : progetto della Fondazione CARISPAQ per i 150 anni dell'unità d'Italia. Edizioni Nuova Cultura. p. 97. ISBN 978-88-6812-036-8.
- Lucy Hughes-Hallett (20 August 2013). Gabriele d'Annunzio: Poet, Seducer, and Preacher of War. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. p. 589. ISBN 978-0-385-34970-3.
- "GIURIATI TAKES OVER FIUME GOVERNMENT; Italians Proclaim Him in Order to Revive the City 'Under Our Great Mother Italy.'". New York Times. 10 March 1922. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
- David Aliano (31 August 2012). Mussolini's National Project in Argentina. Fairleigh Dickinson. p. 57. ISBN 978-1-61147-577-7.
- "I Presidenti Della Camera". legislature.camera.it. Camera dei Deputati. Retrieved 12 August 2019.