The giant granadilla, barbadine (Trinidad), grenadine (Haiti), giant tumbo or badea (Spanish pronunciation: [baˈðe.a]), ටං ටිං ([ tʌŋ tIŋ]), Passiflora quadrangularis, produces the largest fruit of any species within the genus Passiflora. It is a perennial native to the Neotropics, having smooth, cordate, ovate or acuminate leaves; petioles bearing from 4 to 6 glands; an emetic and narcotic root; scented flowers; and a large, oblong fruit, containing numerous seeds, embedded in a subacid edible pulp.
|Full and longitudinally-cut badeas|
The fruit juice of the badea is used as a beverage. In some parts of Sri Lanka the fruit, where it is known as ටං ටිං ([ tʌŋ tIŋ]), රට පුහුල් or ටුං ටුං, is cooked as a vegetable curry, and the seeds are consumed as a snack or used to extract juice.
Passiflora quadrangularis is also grown as an ornamental. It is a vigorous, tender evergreen perennial climber with nodding red flowers, each surrounded by white and purple filaments. Requiring a minimum temperature of 15 °C (59 °F), in temperate zones it must be grown under glass. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.
- "Passiflora quadrangularis". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2013-01-30.
- Boning, Charles R. (2006). Florida's Best Fruiting Plants: Native and Exotic Trees, Shrubs, and Vines. Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press, Inc. p. 169.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). . Encyclopædia Britannica. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 336.
- "Ayurvedic Plants of Sri Lanka: Plants Details". www.instituteofayurveda.org. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
- Mendes (1986), p. 10.
- "RHS Plantfinder - Passiflora quadrangularis". Retrieved 18 April 2018.
- "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 72. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
- Mendes, John. (1986). Cote ce Cote la: Trinidad & Tobago Dictionary. Arima, Trinidad.