Giannitsa Lake

Giannitsa Lake (Greek: Λίμνη Γιαννιτσών), also known as Loudias Lake (Greek: Λίμνη Λουδία) is a former post-glacial lake in Central Macedonia, Greece, south of the town of Giannitsa and north of Gidas (later renamed Alexandreia). It or the surrounding marshland were sometimes called Borboros 'slime' or Borboros Limen.[1] Shallow, swampy, and variable-sized, it was drained from 1928 to 1932 and became agricultural land.

Giannitsa Lake
Loudias Lake
Map depicting the Battle of Giannitsa around the lake.
Location of Giannitsa Lake in Greece.
Location of Giannitsa Lake in Greece.
Giannitsa Lake
Location of Giannitsa Lake in Greece.
Location of Giannitsa Lake in Greece.
Giannitsa Lake
LocationMacedonia (Greece)
Coordinates40°41′17″N 22°23′20″E / 40.68806°N 22.38889°E / 40.68806; 22.38889Coordinates: 40°41′17″N 22°23′20″E / 40.68806°N 22.38889°E / 40.68806; 22.38889
TypePost-glacial lake
EtymologyNamed after the town of Giannitsa.
Primary inflowsLoudias River
Primary outflowsLoudias River
Surface areac. 40.5 km2 (15.6 sq mi)


It was fed by the Loudias River and the plain of Roumlouki stretched to its south.

In Bulgarian the lake was called Enidzhevardarsko Lake (Ениджева̀рдарското езеро) or Pazarsko Swamp (Пазарското блато).

The Lake played a major role in the Macedonian Struggle between the Greeks and Bulgarians, as it provided hiding places for the armed bands of both sides. The conflict for control of the Lake is the central historical event of Penelope Delta's 1937 novel The Secrets of the Swamp.

The lake was drained in 1928-1932 by the New York Foundation Company.[2]



  1. ^ Ghilardi; Théophile Alphonse Desdevises-du-Dezert, Géographie ancienne de la Macédoine (A. Durand, 1863)
  2. ^ Eugene N. Borza, In the shadow of Olympus: the emergence of Macedon (1992) ISBN 0-691-00880-9, p. 289; Matthieu Ghilardi et al., "Human occupation and geomorphological evolution of the Thessaloniki Plain (Greece) since mid Holocene", Journal of Archaeological Science 35:1:111-125 (January 2008)

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