Gerhard Krüger (politician)

Gerhard Krüger (born 6 December 1908 in Mottlau, Danzig – died 22 May 1994 in Hesslingen, Hessisch Oldendorf) was a Nazi Party student leader and later a leading figure within the neo-Nazi movement.

Early yearsEdit

Krüger first came to politics as a member of the Bund Oberland and it was from this basis that he was attracted to Nazism, joining the Sturmabteilung in 1926 and the Nazi Party itself in 1928.[1] He became the leader of Nazi student groups at both the University of Leipzig and the University of Greifswald and in 1933 was appointed head of the Deutsche Studentenschaft.[1]

Nazi Party activityEdit

Krüger's profile began to rise within the Nazi Party and in 1936 he was appointed to serve under Philipp Bouhler as ministerial leader of the Investigation Committee for the Protection of National Socialist Literature, a body that sought to ensure all published books conformed to Nazi ideology, with a special remit to examine books on economics.[1] Around this time he also published two books, The Indestructible Reich and a biography of Adolf Hitler.[1]

Krüger then entered the diplomatic service, serving initially under Martin Luther before working for Otto Abetz in Paris.[2] However he was dismissed from this position due to a sexual harassment case.[3] He briefly joined the army in 1942 before serving as a history lecturer at the University of Strasbourg and a professor at Posen University.[2] He was captured by the British and held at the internment camp at Staumühle. Following his release Krüger had to find employment as a textiles sales representative due to his associations with the Nazi university system.[2]

Post-war politicsEdit

Krüger and Herbert Böhme formed their own political party in 1949 although this group was quickly absorbed into the larger Deutsche Reichspartei.[2] However this party proved too moderate for Krüger and on 21 October 1949 he left to become a founding member of the Socialist Reich Party and vice-chair of the party council.[2] He joined the Deutsche Aufbaupartei in 1953 when this group was banned.

From then on he concentrated much of his efforts on disseminating neo-Nazi propaganda, setting up his own journal, the Nationaler Buchdienst, in 1956 and adding a book club, Das Reich im Buch, the following year.[2] He also became associated with Arthur Ehrhardt's Nation Europa journal and became a regularly featured writer,[2] whilst also maintaining contacts with the Naumann-Kreis.[3] He returned to politics briefly in when he was an unsuccessful candidate for the Deutsche Reichspartei in the 1961 federal election in Hanover and the following year was named to the executive board of the Deutsche Freiheits Partei but for the most part he remained a propagandist.[2]


  1. ^ a b c d Philip Rees, Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890, 1990, p. 214
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Rees, Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right, p. 215
  3. ^ a b Ernst Klee, Das Personenlexikon zum Dritten Reich. Wer war was vor und nach 1945, Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, Zweite aktualisierte Auflage, Frankfurt am Main 2005, p. 343