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Gerald Martin (born 1944) is a critic of Latin American fiction. He is particularly known for his work on the Guatemalan author Miguel Ángel Asturias and on the Colombian Gabriel García Márquez, both of whom are winners of the Nobel Prize for Literature.
His 2008 book, Gabriel García Márquez. A Life, was the first full biography of García Márquez to be published in English.
Gerald Martin (London 1944) studied Spanish, French and Portuguese at Bristol (1965) and received his PhD in Latin American Literature from the University of Edinburgh (1970). He spent a year in Cochabamba, Bolivia, with VSO (1965-6). He also carried out postgraduate work in UNAM, Mexico (1968-9) and was a visiting scholar at Stanford University (1971-2), thanks to a Harkness Fellowship. By 1990 he had visited every country in Latin America. He taught for many years at Portsmouth Polytechnic, where he helped to organise the world’s first undergraduate degree in Latin American Studies, which pioneered the student year abroad in Latin America. In 1984 he became the first Professor of Hispanic Studies in the Polytechnic sector. He worked for 25 years as the only English-speaking member of the Colección Archivos in Paris and in Pittsburgh became President of the Instituto Internacional de Literatura Iberoamericana. During the period 1992-2007 he was the Andrew W. Mellon Professor of Modern Languages in the University of Pittsburgh.
His research and publications have focused on the Latin American novel. His PhD was devoted to Miguel Angel Asturias, who fortunately won the Nobel Prize before it was completed, and he has produced critical editions of Hombres de maíz (1981) and El Señor Presidente (2000), as well as translating the former work. (He has also translated novels by Rafael Chirbes and Max Aub.)
In the 1980s he concentrated on the history of literature and the arts, contributing three major chapters to the Cambridge History of Latin America and publishing Journeys through the Labyrinth: Latin American Fiction in the Twentieth Century (1989). Since then he has focused on biography. In 2008 he published a biography of Gabriel García Márquez with Bloomsbury and Knopf, which has appeared in twenty languages, and in 2012 an Introduction to Gabriel García Márquez for CUP. He is currently working on a biography of Mario Vargas Llosa for Bloomsbury.
- Miguel Angel Asturias (1975). Men of maize. Translated by Martin, Gerald (Paperback ed.). New York: Delacorte Press. ISBN 0440055830.
- Miguel Angel Asturias (1988). Men of maize. Translated by Martin, Gerald (Paperback ed.). London: Verso. ISBN 086091190X.
- Miguel Ángel Asturias (1981). Martin, Gerald (ed.). Hombres de maíz (Critical ed.). Madrid: Fondo de Cultura Económica - Editorial Klincksieck.
- Miguel Ángel Asturias (1988). Martin, Gerald (ed.). París 1924-1933: Periodismo y creación literaria (Critical ed.). Madrid: ALLCA XX. ISBN 8489666008.
- Martin, Gerald (1989). Journeys through the Labyrinth: Latin American Fiction in the Twentieth Century. London: Verso. ISBN 0-86091-238-8.
- Rafael Chirbes (1992). Mimoun - Masks. Translated by Martin, Gerald (Paperback ed.). London: Serpent's tail. ISBN 9781852422202.
- Miguel Ángel Asturias (1996). Martin, Gerald (ed.). Hombres de maíz (Critical ed.). Madrid: ALLCA XX. ISBN 8489666202.
- Miguel Ángel Asturias: (1990). "El Señor Presidente". In Philip Swanson (ed.). Landmarks in Modern Latin American Fiction. Translated by Martin, Gerald. London: Routledge. pp. 50–73. ISBN 0-415-01996-6.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
- Miguel Angel Asturias (1993). Men of maize. Translated by Martin, Gerald (Paperback ed.). Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0822955148.
- Miguel Ángel Asturias (2000). Martin, Gerald (ed.). El Señor Presidente (Critical ed.). Madrid: ALLCA XX. ISBN 84-89666-51-2.
- Martin, Gerald (2008). Gabriel García Márquez: A Life. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-0-7475-9476-5.
- Max Aub (2009). Field of honour. Translated by Martin, Gerald (Paperback ed.). London: Verso. ISBN 1844674002.
- Martin, Gerald (2012). The Cambridge Introduction to Gabriel García Márquez. London: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521719925.