Sir George Newnes, 1st Baronet (13 March 1851 – 9 June 1910) was an English publisher and editor and a founding father of popular journalism. His company, George Newnes Ltd, continued publishing ground-breaking consumer magazines such as Nova long after his death.
Sir George Newnes, Bt
Portrait of George Newnes, no later than 1897
|Died||9 June 1910 (aged 59)|
|Occupation||Newspaper Proprietor, Publisher, Editor & Politician|
Background and educationEdit
His father, Thomas Mold Newnes, was a Congregational church minister at the Glenorchy Chapel, Matlock. George Newnes was born in Matlock Bath, Derbyshire, and educated at Silcoates School and then at Shireland Hall, Warwickshire, and the City of London School. In 1875, he married Priscilla Hillyard.
He began his career in publishing in 1881 when he founded Tit-Bits as a direct response to the Elementary Education Act 1870 which introduced education for children aged 5–12 and hence produced a new young generation able to read.
The magazine was initially published in Manchester like a mini-encyclopedia, containing extracts from books and other publications, but principally a diverse range of tit-bits of information presented in an easy-to-read format. He funded the magazine by opening a vegetarian restaurant in Manchester. The addition of competitions increased the readership of the periodical, and in 1884 Newnes moved publication to London. He began to work with W. T. Stead, with whom he founded the Review of Reviews in 1890. Tit-Bits reached a circulation of 700,000 by the end of the 19th century. It paved the way for popular journalism – most significantly, the Daily Mail was founded by Alfred Harmsworth, a contributor to Tit-Bits, and the Daily Express was launched by Arthur Pearson, who worked at Tit-Bits for five years after winning a competition to get a job on the magazine.
Arguably his best known publication was The Strand Magazine, begun in 1891, in which Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was first able to publish his Sherlock Holmes mystery series. He also founded other magazine titles, including The Westminster Gazette (1873), The Wide World Magazine (1888), and Country Life (1897). In 1891 his publishing business was formed into a company that bore his name, George Newnes Ltd. The company was reconstructed in 1897 with a capital of 1,000,000 pounds, and began the publication of books. In 1896 Newnes founded the book series, The Penny Library of Famous Books.
Politically, Newnes was Liberal, and he refounded the Westminster Gazette to support the party when the Pall Mall Gazette became a Unionist paper. In 1885 he was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for the newly created constituency of Eastern Cambridgeshire or Newmarket. He held the seat for ten years, before his defeat by the Conservative millionaire horse-breeder, Harry McCalmont in 1895. In 1895 he was created a baronet "of Wildcroft, in the parish of Putney, in the county of London; of Hollerday Hill, in the parish of Lynton, and Hesketh House, in the borough of Torquay, both in the county of Devon." He paid for the new Putney Library, built in 1899. Around this time he became the main sponsor of the Southern Cross Expedition to Antarctica; ; part of his contribution was the purchase of a movie camera from Arthur S. Newman, who would later supply similar cameras to Herbert Ponting of Captain Scott's 1910-3 Terra Nova Expedition and John Baptist Lucius Noel, photographer on the 1924 Mount Everest expedition.
Newnes built a large home called Hollerday House in Lynton, North Devon. It was destroyed by fire in 1913. He played a major part in the development of the twin towns of Lynton and Lynmouth. He built an innovative cliff railway to join the two towns, and also provided the town hall and other amenities. Largely as a result of Sir George's efforts, the 19-mile Lynton and Barnstaple Railway opened in 1898 ostensibly to bring visitors from the mainline railways at Barnstaple.
Sir George Newnes died at his Lynton home in June 1910 aged 59, having suffered ill health from diabetes for some time. He was succeeded in the baronetcy by his son, Frank Newnes, who had served as MP for Bassetlaw, Nottinghamshire from 1906 to 1910.
Decades after the proprietor's death George Newnes Ltd continued into the 1960s as one of London's four leading magazine publishers – along with Odhams Press Ltd, C. Arthur Pearson and the Hulton Press – producing a diverse range of titles from Lady's Companion, Woman’s Own, Nova, Rave and Flair, to Practical Mechanics and Practical Television. In 1963, the company became part of the International Publishing Corporation. Today books under the Newnes imprint continue to be published by Elsevier. An example of a home economics book published by Newnes is Housekeeping Made Easy: a handbook of household management appealing chiefly to the middle-class housekeeper; by Mrs. Waldemar Leverton [c. 1910]; a more comprehensive manual called Home Management was edited by Alison Barnes and published in the 1950s in 2 vols.
- "Obituary: Sir George Newnes". The Times. 10 June 1910. p. 13.
- "Biographies of Candidates". The Times. 26 November 1885. p. 3.
- Sir George at Biography.com accessed June 2007
- john adcock. "Yesterday's Papers: Sir George Newnes, Bart.(1851–1910)".
- "The 1870 Education Act". Parliament UK, Retrieved 21 Jan 2017.
- Friederichs, Hulda (1911). George Newnes. London: Hodder & Stoughton (1911) Kessinger Publishing (2008). ISBN 978-0-548-88777-6. (republished 2008)
- Penny Library of Famous Books, oac.cdlib.org, Online Archive of California. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
- "No. 26598". The London Gazette. 15 February 1895. p. 911.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 January 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Golombek, Harry, ed. (1977), "Cable Matches", Golombek's Encyclopedia of Chess, Crown Publishing, p. 53, ISBN 0-517-53146-1
- "Newnes - Elsevier - Store".
- "Newnes (Elsevier Inc) - Publisher Contact Information".
- Jackson, Kate. George Newnes and the New Journalism in Britain, 1880-1910. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001. ISBN 978-0-7546-0317-7
- Pugh, Brian W., Spiring, Paul R. & Bhanji, Sadru. Arthur Conan Doyle, Sherlock Holmes & Devon. London: MX Publishing Ltd, 2010. ISBN 978-1-904312-86-4
- Welch, Charles (1912). Dictionary of National Biography (2nd supplement). London: Smith, Elder & Co. .
- Morris, A. J. A. "Newnes, Sir George, first baronet (1851–1910)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/35218. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to George Newnes.|
- The Story of The Strand Magazine
- Works by George Newnes at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about George Newnes at Internet Archive
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by George Newnes
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|New constituency|| Member of Parliament for Newmarket
1885 – 1895
Sir John Dillwyn Llewellyn
| Member of Parliament for Swansea
1900 – Jan. 1910
Sir Alfred Mond
|Baronetage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation|| Baronet
Frank Hillyard Newnes