Open main menu

George Buchanan (30 November 1890 – 28 June 1955) was a Scottish patternmaker, trade union activist, and Member of Parliament.


George Buchanan
George Buchanan.jpg
Buchanan in 1921
Minister of Pensions
In office
7 October 1947 – 2 July 1948
MonarchGeorge VI
Prime MinisterClement Attlee
Preceded byJohn Burns Hynd
Succeeded byHilary Marquand
Under-Secretary of State for Scotland
In office
4 August 1945 – 7 October 1947
Served with Tom Fraser
MonarchGeorge VI
Prime MinisterClement Attlee
Sec. of StateJoseph Westwood
Chairman of the National Assistance Board
In office
1948–1953
Member of Parliament
for Glasgow Gorbals
In office
15 November 1922 – 2 July 1948
Preceded byGeorge Barnes
Succeeded byAlice Cullen
Personal details
Born30 November 1890 (1890-11-30)
Cairo, Egypt
Died28 June 1955 (1955-06-29) (aged 64)
Glasgow, Scotland, UK
Political partyLabour
Other political
affiliations
Independent Labour Party

Buchanan was born in Glasgow, Scotland. A committed socialist, he joined the Independent Labour Party (ILP).

Buchanan was Vice-Chairman of Glasgow Trades Council and sat on the City Council from 1919-1923. At the 1922 general election he was elected to the House of Commons as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Glasgow Gorbals.

In 1932, Buchanan became Chairman of the United Patternmakers Association of Great Britain, a position he held for sixteen years. He initially agreed with James Maxton's moving the ILP out of the mainstream Labour Party, but decided to leave them to rejoin Labour in 1939.

Following the 1945 general election, the new Prime Minister, Clement Attlee, appointed Buchanan as Under-Secretary of State for Scotland. He also later served as Minister of Pensions.

Buchanan resigned from Parliament in 1948 to take up the position of Chairman of the National Assistance Board, and was succeeded by Alice Cullen.

He died in 1955, aged 64.

ReferencesEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
George Barnes
Member of Parliament for Glasgow Gorbals
1922–1948
Succeeded by
Alice Cullen
Preceded by
John Hynd
Minister of Pensions
7 October 1947 to 2 July 1948
Succeeded by
Hilary Marquand
Trade union offices
Preceded by
Albert E. Wardale
President of the United Patternmakers' Association
1932–1946
Succeeded by
Ellis Smith