The Gaza Railway is a 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow gauge railway operating in southern Mozambique from Xai-Xai (former Villa de João Belo) via Manjacaze junction (53 km) with branches to Chicomo (37 km) and Mauela (50 km). It was constructed in the early 1900s for the transportation of passengers and cashew nuts. With branches, its total length was 140 km (87 mi). The railway operated several small American steam locomotives, including a Baldwin 2-8-0 built in 1925, a Baldwin 0-6-2 and an Alco 2-6-0. In 2000, parts of the railway line were washed away by floods and the railway hasn't been used since then.
- Travel Guide to Maputo and Southern Mozambique - by Bridget Hilton-Barber
- Steam in Mocambique, August/September 1999
- Durrant, A.E., A.A. Jorgensen, C.P. Lewis. Steam in Africa, London, 1981, Hamlyn.
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