Maharishi Gautama and Ahalya Temple, Pushkar
|Honors||one of the Saptarishis (Seven Great Sages Rishi)|
He was the son of Rahugana, belonging to the lineage of Angirasa. Gautama was the progenitor of the paternal Gautama gotra lineage. Gautama and Bharadvaja share a common ancestry, as they are both descended from Angirasa, and sometimes they are both bracketed together under the name Angirasa.
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The Devi Bhagavatam says that the river Godavari is so named because of its association with Gotama. He had two sons by name Vamadeva and Nodhas, both themselves discoverers of Mantras. There is a hymn called Bhadra in the Sama Veda which again is ascribed to Gotama Maharishi. The descendant of Lord Shiva as Trimbakeshvar, that constitutes the source of the Jyotirlinga nearby, happened for the sake of Gotama. The Brahmanda Purana mentions that one of the sub-branches of the Raanaayani branch of Sama Veda was initiated by this Gotama. Some famous disciples of Gotama were Praachina-yogya, Shaandilya, Gārgya, and Bharadvaja.
A Dharmasutra is known as Gautama Dharmasutra, but was not authored by Gautama Maharishi. Akṣapāda Gotama is the 2nd century CE founder of the Nyaya school of Hindu philosophy, not to be confused with Vedic Sage Gautama Maharishi. Buddhist pali canon texts traces Buddhas paternal lineage to Vedic sages Gautama and Angirasa, he is therefore known as "Gautama" Buddha. Jainism traces tirthankara Indrabhuti Gautama paternal lineage to Vedic sage Gautama.
- Inhabitants of the Worlds Mahanirvana Tantra, translated by Arthur Avalon, (Sir John Woodroffe), 1913, Introduction and Preface. The Ṛṣis are seers who know, and by their knowledge are the makers of shastra and "see" all mantras. The word comes from the root rish Rishati-prāpnoti sarvaṃ mantraṃ jñānena paśyati saṃsaraparaṃva, etc. The seven great Ṛṣis or Saptarṣis of the first manvantara are Marichi, Atri, Angiras, Pulaha, Kratu, Pulastya, and Vashishtha. In other manvantara there are other sapta-rshi. In the present manvantara the seven are Kashyapa, Atri, Vashishtha, Vishvamitra, Gotama, Jamadagni, Bharadvaja. To the Ṛṣis the Vedas were revealed. Vyasa taught the Rigveda so revealed to Paila, the Yajurveda to Vaishampayana, the Samaveda to Jaimini, Atharvaveda to Samantu, and Itihasa and Purana to Suta. The three chief classes of Ṛṣis are the Brahmarshi, born of the mind of Brahma, the Devarshi of lower rank, and Rajarshi or Kings who became Ṛṣis through their knowledge and austerities, such as Janaka, Ritaparna, etc. Thc Shrutarshi are makers of Shastras, as Suśruta. The Kandarshi are of the Karmakanda, such as Jaimini.
- Stephanie Jamison; Joel Brereton (2014). The Rigveda: 3-Volume Set. Oxford University Press. p. 1186. ISBN 978-0-19-937018-4.
- Introduction to Gautama The Sacred Laws of the Âryas, translated by Georg Bühler (1879), Part I: Âpastamba and Guatama. (Dharma-sutra).
- Christopher Bartley (2015). An Introduction to Indian Philosophy: Hindu and Buddhist Ideas from Original Sources. Bloomsbury Academic. p. 309. ISBN 978-1-4725-2437-9.
- Ganga, Bahadur, Kapoor, Gautami, Himmat, Subodh (2002). The Indian Encyclopaedia: Gautami Ganga -Himmat Bahadur (Volume 9 ed.). New Delhi: Cosmo Publication. p. 2677. ISBN 81-7755-257-0.
- Edward J. Thomas, The Life of Buddha p. 22
- Dundas, Paul (2002) , The Jains (Second ed.), Routledge, ISBN 0-415-26605-X
- Dundas 2002, p. 37.