Gasworks Clauses Act 1871

The Gasworks Clauses Act 1871 (34 & 35 Vict. Chapter 41) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which amended the law concerning the authorisation and operation of gasworks, including the keeping and publication of accounts, and testing of gas.

Gasworks Clauses Act 1871
Long titleAn Act to amend the Gasworks Clauses Act, 1847.
Citation34 & 35 Vict. Chapter 41
Territorial extent United Kingdom
Dates
Royal assent13 July 1871
Other legislation
AmendsGasworks Clauses Act 1847
Repealed byGas Act 1948
Status: Repealed

BackgroundEdit

The Gasworks Clauses Act 1847 had codified the rights and obligations of gas undertakings and regulated dividends and prices. The 1871 Act obliged gas undertakings publish formal accounts.[1] It also specified arrangements for the testing of gas.

Gasworks Clauses Act 1871Edit

The Gasworks Clauses Act 1871 received Royal Assent on 13 July 1871. Its long title is ‘An Act to amend the Gasworks Clauses Act, 1847.’

ProvisionsEdit

The Act comprises 46 Sections in 9 Parts plus 2 Schedules.[2]

  • Section 1: Construction.
  • Section 2: Short title.
  • Section 3: Application of Act.
  • Section 4: Interpretation.

General Provisions.

  • Section 5: Prohibition against erecting gasworks elsewhere than on lands specified in special Act.
  • Section 6: Sale of superfluous lands.
  • Section 7: Receipts of guardians, etc. to be sufficient discharge.
  • Section 8: For appointment of receiver.
  • Section 9: Undertakers not exempted from indictment.
  • Section 10: Power to take easements, etc. by agreement.

Supply of Gas to Owners and Occupiers of Premises.

  • Section 11: Undertakers to furnish sufficient supply of gas to owners and occupiers within the limits of the special Act.
  • Section 12: Quality of gas.
  • Section 13: Undertakers may require consumers to use meters.
  • Section 14: Undertakers to supply meters.
  • Section 15: Meters not to be connected or disconnected without notice.
  • Section 16: Nature and amount of security.
  • Section 17: Consumer to keep his meter in proper order.
  • Section 18: Power to Undertakers to let meters.
  • Section 19: Undertakers to keep meter let for hire in repair.
  • Section 20: Register of gas meters to be prima facie evidence.
  • Section 21: Power to enter buildings for ascertaining quantities of gas consumed.
  • Section 22: Power to remove meter and fittings.
  • Section 23: Recovery of charges for gas.

Supply of gas to Local Authorities.

  • Section 24: Supply and price of gas to public lamps.
  • Section 25: As to consumption of gas supplied to the public lamps.
  • Section 26: Governors for street lamps.
  • Section 27: Settlement of differences by arbitration.

Testing of Gas.

  • Section 28: Testing place.
  • Section 29: Appointment and powers of gas examiners.
  • Section 30: Two justices may appoint gas examiner.
  • Section 31: Representation of Undertakers.
  • Section 32: Mode of testing. In accordance with Part II of the Schedule A of this Act.
  • Section 33: Report of gas examiner.
  • Section 34: Access to testing place.

Accounts.

  • Section 35: Accounts, etc.

Penalties.

  • Section 36: Penalty for failure to supply gas. Penalties not cumulative.
  • Section 37: Cost of experiment to be paid according to event.
  • Section 38: Penalty for injuring meters.

Recovery of Gas Rents.

  • Section 39: Incoming tenants not liable to pay arrears of gas rents, etc.
  • Section 40: Recovery of rents, etc.
  • Section 41: Recovery of sums due to Undertakers.

Legal Proceedings.

  • Section 42: Contents of summons or warrant.
  • Section 43: Warrant of distress shall include costs.
  • Section 44: Summary proceedings.
  • Section 45: Service of notices by Undertakers.
  • Section 46: Liability to gas rent not to disqualify justices from acting.

Schedule A.

  • Part I Regulations in respect of testing apparatus.
  • Part II Rules as to mode of testing gas.
    • I Mode of testing for illuminating power.
    • II Mode of testing.

Schedule B. Form of Annual Accounts.

  • A – Statement of Share Capital,
  • B – Statement of Loan Capital,
  • C – Capital Account,
  • D – Revenue Account,
  • E – Profit and Loss Account (net revenue),
  • F – Reserved Fund Account,
  • G – Statement of Coals,
  • H – Statement of Residual Products,
  • I – General Balance Sheet,

AmendmentsEdit

The Act was repealed by the Gas Act 1948 (1948 c. 67).[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Gas Chronology: The development of the British Gas Industry (British Gas, 1981)
  2. ^ "Irish Statute Book". www.irishstatutebook.ie. Retrieved 25 February 2022.