Gare de Tours

Gare de Tours is a railway station serving the city of Tours, Indre-et-Loire department, western France. It is situated on the Paris–Bordeaux railway, the Tours–Saint-Nazaire railway, and the non-electrified Tours–Le Mans railway. The Gare de Tours is a terminus; most TGV trains only serve the nearby Gare de Saint-Pierre-des-Corps.

Gare de Tours SNCF
Tours 2008 PD 08.JPG
LocationPlace du Général-Leclerc
37000 Tours
France
Coordinates47°23′23″N 0°41′37″E / 47.38972°N 0.69361°E / 47.38972; 0.69361Coordinates: 47°23′23″N 0°41′37″E / 47.38972°N 0.69361°E / 47.38972; 0.69361
Owned bySNCF
Operated bySNCF
Line(s)Intercités, TER
Platforms6
Tracks12
Construction
ArchitectVictor Laloux
Other information
Station codeIATA: XJT[1]
History
Opened1846
Traffic
Passengers (2016)5 156 584

LocationEdit

Established at a terminus at 49 meters above sea level, the Tours station is the origin of the line of the Tours–Saint-Nazaire railway and of the line from Tours–Le Mans railway. Not being located on the Paris-Austerlitz to Bordeaux-Saint-Jean line, Tours station is connected by two connections. The connection from Saint-Pierre-des-Corps to Tours in the direction of Paris-Austerlitz and the connection from Tours to Monts (branches of the Bordeaux line) towards Bordeaux-Saint-Jean. Until May 5, 1970, it was the terminus station of the Sables-d'Olonne line, whose route from the terminal was abandoned from Joué-lès-Tours station, in favor of a connection created between this last station and the line from Paris-Austerlitz to Bordeaux-Saint-Jean, south of Tours.[2]

The first station in the direction of Saint-Nazaire is that of Gare Saint-Genouph. In the direction of Mans, the first station open is that of Gare de La Membrolle-sur-Choisille, after that which is now closed at Fondettes - Saint-Cyr. In the direction of Paris-Austerlitz, the first station is that of Gare de Saint-Pierre-des-Corps and in the direction of Bordeaux-Saint-Jean, that of Gare de Monts.

HistoryEdit

 
Old postcard of the station

The first railway station for Tours (called L’Embarcadère) was built in 1846 by Phidias Vestier, on the site of the current Place du Général-Leclerc, Tours, like Orléans, having accepted service rail late.[3] It is operated by the Compagnie du chemin de fer de Paris à Orléans. The Vendée station, serving Les Sables-d'Olonne, was built on behalf of the Compagnie des chemins de fer de la Vendée in 1875, west of the first station.[4]

The current passenger building was built between 1896 and 1898 under the direction of tourangeau architect Victor Laloux, with four allegorical limestone statues of cities by Jean Antoine Injalbert (Bordeaux and Toulouse) and Jean-Baptiste Hugues (Limoges and Nantes). The purpose of this project was to merge the equipment of Paris-Orléans and the State Railways (which had acquired the Chemins de fer de la Vendée). It has been listed as a monument historique since 28 December 1984.[5]

Between the end of the 19th century and the Second World War, the railways and workshops of the railway companies occupied a large area of the city of Tours; these spaces were urbanized to form the districts of Sanitas and the Rotunda.

As part of the construction of the first Tours tramway in 2013, annexes to the station were destroyed, as well as the buildings on the Rue de Nantes which linked the Rue des Aumônes to the Place du Général-Leclerc along the station. The Rue de Nantes is replaced by the tramway, while the west facade of the station is open to facilitate access to the new Gare de Tours station.

In 2018, according to SNCF estimates, the annual usage of the station was 4,690,784 passengers and if non-passengers are included, its usage rises to 5,863,480.[6]

Passenger ServicesEdit

WelcomeEdit

A SNCF station, it has a passenger building, with a ticket office, open every day and equipped with automatic ticket vending machines.[7] It is equipped with 6 platforms serving 12 lanes. The platform serving tracks D and E, and the platform serving tracks F and G are more than 443 meters, making it possible to receive two SNCF TGV Atlantique trainsets.

StationEdit

 
Front of the station

The building brings together four materials: stone (for the facade and its statues), iron (as the supporting structure), cast iron (especially for the decoration of the interior columns) and glass (with two large canopies on the facade to provide lightness and transparency).

Four statues dominate the building. Two directed by Jean-Antoine Injalbert (allegories of Bordeaux and Toulouse), and two directed by Jean-Baptiste Hugues (allegories of Limoges and Nantes). The painted earthenware panels, produced between 1896 and 1898, are by Eugène Martial Simas.[8]

The Tours-Center station underwent a refurbishment of its interior and facade work in 2006. Gold leaf was thus laid, as the Laloux project initially planned.

The refurbishment of the building continued until 2013. Thus, the interior layout was revised and openings were made to the west of the building to create a third entrance. At the same time, the large passenger hall was being restored with the metallic elements of the frame being re-painted; likewise, the zinc cover and the translucent cover (with polycarbonate in place of polyester) were redone.

ServicesEdit

The following services currently call at Tours:

  • intercity services (Intercités) Nantes - Tours - Bourges - Lyon
  • intercity services (Intercités) Caen - Alençon - Le Mans - Tours
  • intercity services (Intercités) Paris - Orléans - Blois - Tours
Preceding station   SNCF   Following station
toward eastern France
TGVTerminus
IntercitésTerminus
toward Caen
Intercités
toward Nantes
Intercités
TER Pays de la Loire 19Terminus
toward Le Mans
TER Pays de la Loire 25
TerminusTER Centre-Val de Loire 2.1
toward Orléans
TER Centre-Val de Loire 2.2
TER Centre-Val de Loire 2.3
toward Loches
TER Centre-Val de Loire 2.5
toward Poitiers
toward Orléans
TER Centre-Val de Loire 2.6
toward Nantes
TerminusTER Centre-Val de Loire 2.7
toward Chinon
TER Centre-Val de Loire 2.9
toward Chartres

Other transport connectionsEdit

 
Tram service

The station is connected to the Fil bleu urban transport network, in particular line A of the Tours tramway, which came into service on 31 August 2013.[9] On this occasion, new access was created on the west facade of the station (Rue de Nantes) to allow direct correspondence from the Salle des Pas Perdus.

It is also in connection with line 2 Tempo which is a high level of service bus line (BHNS)[10] and bus lines 3a / b, 5, 10, 11, 14, 15, 17, 19, 34, 50, 100, 110, 112, 114, 117, 118, either directly in front of the station (Gare de Tours stop), or at the end of the forecourt, on Boulevard Heurteloup (Gare Vinci stop).[11]

Access to the Réseau de mobilité interurbaine (Rémi) is on the forecourt of the station at the rest area.[12]

School circuits organized by Communauté de communes or Syndicat intercommunal des transports scolaires (SITS) in neighboring municipalities also serve Tours station, at the rest area.

FreightEdit

This station is open to freight traffic.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Airport information for Gare de Tours at Transport Search website.
  2. ^ Revue : La Vie du rail, n° 1276 du 24 janvier 1971, pages 4 à 6, La nouvelle bifurcation de Joué-lès-Tours.
  3. ^ Jean des Cars, Dictionnaire amoureux des Trains, Plon, 2006.
  4. ^ Sanitas, quartier de mémoire, quartier d'avenir, Archives municipales de Tours, 2010.
  5. ^ "Garde de Tours — Monuments historiques" (in French). Base Mérimée. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
  6. ^ "Fréquentation en gares". ressources.data.sncf.com (in French). Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  7. ^ "Tours Gares & Connexions". www.garesetconnexions.sncf. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  8. ^ "Les tableaux en céramique de retour en Gare de Tours". Info Tours.fr (in French). Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  9. ^ "Revivez l'inauguration du tramway de Tours". lanouvellerepublique.fr. 11 October 2017. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Tempo, une ligne de bus plus rapide". lanouvellerepublique.fr. 28 April 2017. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  11. ^ "Accueil - Fil Bleu, réseau bus-tram-vélo de l'agglomération Tourangelle". www.filbleu.fr. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  12. ^ "Rémi, un réseau régional multimodal unifié - Qu'est ce que Rémi - Rémi - Région Centre-Val de Loire". Rémi- Région Centre-Val de Loire (in French). 18 February 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Gare de Tours at Wikimedia Commons