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Tours tramway refers to tram networks of the city of Tours, in Indre-et-Loire, in the French region of Centre-Val de Loire, at different times:

  1. A network that functioned from 1877 to 1949.
  2. A new network called RBD, designed from the 1990s, which was inaugurated on 31 August 2013, and is part of Fil Bleu (literally, blue wire), the transit network of the Touraine agglomeration. It consists of a 15 km line with 29 stations.[1]
Tours tramway
Citadis n°64 sur le Pont Wilson de Tours par Cramos.JPG
A tram in Tours
Operation
LocaleTours, France
Open31 August 2013
Lines1
Owner(s)Agglomeration Community Tours
Operator(s)Keolis Tours
Infrastructure
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Statistics
Stops29
Passengers (2014)55,000/per day
Old network era: 1877–1949
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
RBD era: 2013
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Route length 15km
Stops 29
Overview
Tracé Tramway de Tours.jpg

A second line could be built in the future, by installing rails on part of existing network TCSP Bus with High Level of Service, as was the case for the first line.

First-generation tram network (1877-1949)Edit

 
Bond of the Compagnie des Tramways de Tours from the 27. July 1907

Municipality Tours proposed the creation of a tramway in the city in 1874. Tours had spoken to a Belgian entrepreneur, Frederick the Hault, founder of the French General Tramways Company and with that the company commissioned the first network of public transport in the city, pulled by horses on 8 July 1877.

Another operator extended the network in 1889 to Vouvray along the Loire, on 7.6 km, with trams hauled by steam locomotives.

A new company, the Tramways Company Tours was founded in 1898 to electrify and expand the urban network, which reaches 20 km in 1900. During the First World War in 1916 some sections were abandoned. Suburban lines closed in 1932 before road competition from private buses.

The tram network was seriously damaged during the Second World War, particularly during the bombing of the tramway facilities in Tours on 20 May 1944, which destroyed the depot. Facilities were repaired as much as possible and the network operated until 14 September 1949, when the last tram was replaced by buses.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Communauté d'agglomération Tour(s)plus". mobilite.agglo-tours.fr. Retrieved 2014-12-26.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Trams in Tours at Wikimedia Commons