Ganja Gate (Azerbaijani: Gəncə qapısı, Armenian: Գանձակի դարպաս, romanizedGandzaki darpas) is one of the three main gates of the Shusha fortress in Shusha, Azerbaijan, and is located on the fortress's northern side.[1] The other two gates are the Iravan Gate and the Aghoghlan Gate.

Ganja Gate
Shusha, Azerbaijan
Coordinates39°45′57″N 46°45′02″E / 39.765830°N 46.750419°E / 39.765830; 46.750419
TypeCastle walls
Site history
Built1750
MaterialsStone

Description edit

In compliance with medieval traditions in urban development of the khanate period, Shusha castle walls were built with four gates. The main gate was facing north towards the road to Ganja, Azerbaijan and was therefore named Ganja Gate. The western gate was facing western regions including the Iranian Erivan Khanate and was hence called Erivan Gate. The other two gates opened to surrounding highland villages. Shusha's internal castle was located on a peak near the Ganja Gate.[2] The Ganja Gate bears architectural importance and is often mentioned among other significant 279 attributes of Shusha State Historical and Architectural Reserve of the 18th century.[3][4]

History edit

The fortress and the city were part of the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast; they later came under the control of the self-proclaimed Republic of Artsakh, following the Battle of Shusha on 8 May 1992 until 8 November 2020, when the Azerbaijani Armed Forces retook the city after a 3-day long battle.[2][5][6]

References edit

  1. ^ "ДРЕВНИЙ ГАРАБАГ". Retrieved 9 August 2010.
  2. ^ a b "Karabakh Foundation - Shusha". Archived from the original on 4 October 2010. Retrieved 9 August 2010.
  3. ^ "Abidələrin siyahısı (Şuşa)". Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 9 August 2010.
  4. ^ "Gündəm - İctimai-siyasi təşkilatlar qara ildönümlə bağlı tədbirlər keçirəcək". Archived from the original on 9 May 2010. Retrieved 9 August 2010.
  5. ^ "Ministry of Culture - Shusha city". Retrieved 9 August 2010.
  6. ^ "INFORMATION ON HISTORICAL AND ARCHITECTURAL MONUMENTS OF OLD SHUSHA" (PDF). Retrieved 9 August 2010.[permanent dead link]