Gallerie dell'Accademia

The Gallerie dell'Accademia is a museum gallery of pre-19th-century art in Venice, northern Italy. It is housed in the Scuola della Carità on the south bank of the Grand Canal, within the sestiere of Dorsoduro. It was originally the gallery of the Accademia di Belle Arti di Venezia, the art academy of Venice, from which it became independent in 1879, and for which the Ponte dell'Accademia and the Accademia boat landing station for the vaporetto water bus are named. The two institutions remained in the same building until 2004, when the art school moved to the Ospedale degli Incurabili.

Gallerie dell'Accademia
Façade of the gallery on Campo della Carità
Click the map for an interactive, fullscreen view.
LocationCampo della Carità, Dorsoduro 1050, Venice, Italy
Coordinates45°25′53″N 12°19′41″E / 45.43139°N 12.32806°E / 45.43139; 12.32806
TypeArt Museum
DirectorPaola Marini
  • Roberta Battaglia
  • Giulio Manieri Elia
  • Valeria Poletto
Public transit accessvaporetto

History edit

Early history edit

The Accademia di Belle Arti di Venezia was founded on 24 September 1750; the statute dates from 1756.[1] The first director was Giovanni Battista Piazzetta; Gianbattista Tiepolo became the first president after his return from Würzburg.[2]

It was one of the first institutions to study art restoration starting in 1777 with Pietro Edwards, and formalised by 1819 as a course.

In 1807 the academy was re-founded by Napoleonic decree. The name was changed from Veneta Academia di Pittura, Scultura e Architettura to Accademia Reale di Belle Arti, "royal academy of fine arts", and the academy was moved to the Palladian complex of the Scuola della Carità, where the Gallerie dell'Accademia are still housed. The collections of the Accademia were first opened to the public on 10 August 1817.[1][3]

Later history edit

The Gallerie dell'Accademia became independent from the Accademia di Belle Arti di Venezia in 1879. Like other state museums in Italy, it falls under the Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali, the Italian Ministry of Culture and Heritage.

Building edit

The Napoleonic administration had disbanded many institutions in Venice including some churches, convents and Scuole. The Scuola della Carità, the Convento dei Canonici Lateranensi and the church of Santa Maria della Carità thus became the home of the Accademia. The Scuola della Carità was the oldest of the six Scuole Grandi and the building dates back to 1343, though the scuola was formed in 1260. The Convento dei Canonici Lateranensi was started in 1561 by Andrea Palladio, though it was never fully completed. The facade of Santa Maria della Carità was completed in 1441 by Bartolomeo Bon.

Collection edit

Leonardo da Vinci's Vitruvian Man, the most famous work of the Gallery, is not displayed for visitors, except on very rare occasions.

The Gallerie dell’Accademia contains masterpieces of Venetian painting up to the 18th century, generally arranged chronologically though some thematic displays are evident.

Artists represented include: Antonello da Messina, Lazzaro Bastiani, Gentile and Giovanni Bellini, Bernardo Bellotto, Pacino di Bonaguida,[4] Canaletto, Vittore Carpaccio, Giulio Carpioni, Rosalba Carriera, Cima da Conegliano, Domenico Fetti, Pietro Gaspari, Michele Giambono, Luca Giordano, Francesco Guardi, Giorgione, Johann Liss, Charles Le Brun, Leonardo da Vinci, Pietro Longhi, Lorenzo Lotto, Andrea Mantegna, Rocco Marconi, Michele Marieschi, Giambattista Piazzetta, Giambattista Pittoni, Mattia Preti, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, Tintoretto, Titian, Paolo Veronese, Giorgio Vasari, Alvise Vivarini, and Giuseppe Zais.

The collection includes Leonardo da Vinci's drawing of the Vitruvian Man, which is displayed only rarely as the work, being on paper, is fragile and sensitive to light. In 2019, the Musée du Louvre in Paris requested the loan of the drawing for its exhibition of works by Leonardo. The request was refused by a cultural heritage group. A court tribunal in Venice, however, decided that the work would suffer no ill effects if shipped with great care and displayed under controlled conditions.[5] The work was, therefore, part of the Louvre's exhibition from 24 October 2019 to 24 February 2020.[6]

Highlights edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b Accademia di belle arti di Venezia, 1750–2010. Cenni storici Archived 2013-11-13 at the Wayback Machine (in Italian). Accademia di belle arti di Venezia. Accessed July 2013.
  2. ^ Elisa Viola (2005). L'Accademia di Venezia: i maestri, le collezioni, le sedi (in Italian). Venezia: Marsilio. ISBN 9788831786553. p. 17.
  3. ^ Gallerie dell'Accademia: Storia delle collezioni Archived 2014-10-19 at the Wayback Machine (in Italian). Soprintendenza Speciale per il Patrimonio storico, artistico ed etnoantropologico e per il Polo Museale della città di Venezia e dei comuni della Gronda lagunare, 7 October 2009. Accessed July 2013.
  4. ^ Pacino di Bonaguida Archived 2010-07-13 at the Wayback Machine, J. Paul Getty Museum, US.
  5. ^ "Leonardo's 'Vitruvian Man' Is Headed to the Louvre Despite Italian Scholars' Protests". Smithsonian. 21 October 2019. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  6. ^ "Louvre exhibit has most da Vinci paintings ever assembled". The Atlantic. 1 December 2019. Retrieved 2 December 2019.

External links edit

Preceded by
Doge's Palace
Venice landmarks
Gallerie dell'Accademia
Succeeded by
Grand Canal