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Gaius Popilius Carus Pedo was a Roman senator who held several offices in the emperor's service during the second century. He was suffect consul in succession to Tiberius Licinius Cassius Cassianus as colleague of Sextus Cocceius Severianus Honorinus until the end of 147.[1]

His cognomen has been interpreted as indicating that Carus Pedo originated in one of the Western provinces of the Empire, although some experts favor an Italian origin.[2] Ronald Syme counted 21 examples of the cognomen "Pedo" in the region of the western Alps, although his membership in the tribe "Quirina" precludes Gallia Narbonensis; however, Syme also counted 16 examples of the gentilicum Popilius in the Spanish provinces.[3]

LifeEdit

Pedo's cursus honorum is documented in an inscription from Tibur.[4] He started his senatorial career likely in his teens as a member of the decemviri stlitibus iudicandis, one of the four boards of the vigintiviri, a minor collegium young senators serve in at the start of their careers. Next he was a military tribune in Legio III Cyrenaica around 132-135,[5] which was stationed in Syria at the time; while holding this commission he received dona militaria or military decorations. This was followed by holding in succession the traditional series of republican magistracies, all as candidate of the emperor: quaestor, plebeian tribune, and at last praetor. At this point Pedo was appointed legatus or commander of Legio X Fretensis around AD 141, but he rejected the post for unknown reasons. "There is a view that he did so because of bad health," writes Edward Dabrowa. Nevertheless, "the refusal did not affect his further career."[2]

Carus Pedo held two civilian administrative posts prior to his consulship. The first was as curator of three important roads: the Via Aurelia, both the older and new sections, the Via Cornelia and the Via Triumphalis. His next post was prefect of the aerarium Saturni, which Mireille Corbier dates to 144-146.[6] Following his consulship, Pedo was admitted to the collegium of the Septemviri epulonum; Dabrowa estimates this happened between the years 147 and 152.[7] Also after his consulship Pedo was appointed curator of the operum publicorum, one of the overseers of the public works of Rome; an inscription attests he was curator on 19 September 150.[8] Then he was appointed governor of Germania Superior from circa 151 to circa 155. Upon returning to Rome, Pedo was admitted to another priesthood, the sodales Hadrianales, circa 159/160. In 161/162 Pedo was appointed governor and censor over Gallia Lugdunensis, and upon returning to Rome the sortition immediately allotted to him Asia, over which he was again proconsular governor 162/163.[5]

His life after his governorship of Asia is unknown, as well as the date of his death.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Werner Eck, "Die Fasti consulares der Regungszeit des Antoninus Pius, eine Bestandsaufnahme seit Géza Alföldys Konsulat und Senatorenstand" in Studia epigraphica in memoriam Géza Alföldy, hg. W. Eck, B. Feher, and P. Kovács (Bonn, 2013), p. 75
  2. ^ a b Edward Dabrowa, Legio X Fretensis: A Prosopographical Study of its Officers (I-III c. A.D.) (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 1993), p. 44
  3. ^ Syme, "Spaniards at Tivoli", Ancient Society, 13/14 (1982/1983), p. 252
  4. ^ CIL XIV, 3610
  5. ^ a b Dabrowa, Legio X Fretensis, p. 45
  6. ^ Corbier, L'aerarium saturni et l'aerarium militare; Administration et prosopographie sénatoriale, Publications de l'École française de Rome, 24 (Rome: École Française de Rome, 1974), p. 229
  7. ^ Dabrowa, Legio X Fretensis, p. 45 n. 197
  8. ^ CIL VI, 855
Political offices
Preceded by
Sextus Cocceius Severianus,and
Tiberius Licinius Cassius Cassianus

as suffect consuls
Suffect consul of the Roman Empire
147
with Sextus Cocceius Severianus
Succeeded by
Lucius Octavius Cornelius Publius Salvius Julianus Aemilianus,
and Gaius Bellicius Calpurnius Torquatus

as ordinary consuls