Gaius Ateius Capito (jurist)

Gaius Ateius Capito (about 30 BCE – 22 CE) was a Roman jurist in the time of emperors Augustus and Tiberius. He was consul suffectus in the year 5 from July to December as the colleague of Gaius Vibius Postumus.[1]

LifeEdit

Capito was a son of the tribune of the same name, and was educated as a jurist by Aulus Ofilius.[2] He was active as a jurist and a senator. Capito was a strong proponent of the principate which brought him in opposition to Marcus Antistius Labeo.[3] In the year 11, he became curator aquarum and was responsible for water supply and regulation throughout the city of Rome.[4] Four years later he and Lucius Arruntius were entrusted by Tiberius to work on a plan to confine the river Tiber after heavy floods, but the project was not carried out due to heavy resistance from the populace.[5]

Capito also was one of seven witnesses of the Senatus consultum de Cn. Pisone patre, the Roman Senate's official act concerning the trial and punishment of Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso, dated 10 December 20 CE.[6] His successor in the office of curator aquarum was Tarius Rufus.[4]

He does not appear to have any descendants. G.V. Sumner has speculated, based on the names, that Capito adopted the son of Sejanus, Capito Aelianus.[7]

WorksEdit

All of Capito's works are lost and are only known by their titles through quotes by later authors. Works known to have existed include:[8]

  • De pontificio iure ("About pontifical law"), at least six books about laws concerning the pontifices
  • De iure sacrificiorum ("About sacrificial law")
  • Coniectanea ("Miscellaneous"), at least 9 books about various themes
  • De officio senatorio ("About the senatorial office")
  • One work of unknown title about the auguries
  • Epistulae ("Letters")

InfluenceEdit

Capito had considerable reputation as a jurist and gathered a school of jurists that became known as the Sabinian school after his pupil and successor Masurius Sabinus.[9] Capito's works were read and quoted until the sixth century, although more frequently by lexicographers (especially by Sextus Pompeius Festus and Aulus Gellius) than by jurists.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ronald Syme, The Augustan Aristocracy (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989), p. 458
  2. ^ Smith, William, ed. (1880). A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. London. p. 599.
  3. ^ Tacitus, Annales III.75
  4. ^ a b Frontinus, de aquis II 102
  5. ^ Tacitus, Annales I.79
  6. ^ Werner Eck, Antonio Caballos, Fernando Fernández: Das Senatus consultum de Cn. Pisone patre. Beck, München 1996, ISBN 3-406-41400-1, S. 105−106.
  7. ^ Sumner, "The Family Connections of L. Aelius Seianus", Phoenix, 19 (1965), p. 140
  8. ^ for a list of known works, see Der kleine Pauly, article "C. Ateius Capito"
  9. ^ Der kleine Pauly, articles "C. Ateius Capito" and "Sabinus Massurius"

SourcesEdit

  • Der kleine Pauly. Lexikon der Antike. München 1979.
  • C. Atei Capitornis Fragmenta, L. Strzelecki (ed.), Wroclaw, Polska Akademia Nauk, 1960.
  • Tacitus, Annals
  • Frontinus, De aquis urbis Romae
Political offices
Preceded by
Lucius Valerius Messalla Volesus,
and Gnaeus Cornelius Cinna Magnus

as Ordinary consuls
Suffect consul of the Roman Empire
AD 5
with Gaius Vibius Postumus
Succeeded by
Marcus Aemilius Lepidus,
and Lucius Arruntius the Younger

as Ordinary consuls