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GWR 101 Class

GWR 101 Class
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Designer James Holden
Builder GWR Swindon Works
Build date 1901
Total produced 1 (prototype)
 • Whyte 0-4-0
Gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Fuel type Oil (Original)
Coal (Rebuilt)
Operators GWR
Numbers 101
Withdrawn 1911
Preserved None
Disposition scrapped

The GWR 101 Class consisted of a single experimental 0-4-0 side-tank locomotive. It was built at GWR Swindon Works under the direction of William Dean’s Chief Engineer, James Holden in 1901.[dubious ]

Originally built as an oil-burning locomotive to demonstrate the economies of that technology. No. 101 employed a complex firebox and valve gear. It was intended for light passenger service on the Wrington Vale Light Railway near Bristol. However, due to technical issues associated with the design, the locomotive never saw the intended service. It remained at Swindon Works until 1905, at which time GWR rebuilt the locomotive as a conventional coal burning tank engine and used it as a works shunter. As a non-standard design the locomotive appears to have been withdrawn and scrapped in 1911.[1]

Despite being a unique and short-lived loco, Hornby have been producing a very popular 00 scale model of 101 for some decades, in many prototypical and non-prototypical guises. The model is currently available (as of September 2015) in set R1180 'Postal Express' with two carriages and a loop of track;[2] in the R2670 'Railroad GWR Freight' pack complete with three wagons;[3] and in a fictional 'Rothery Industries' guise, cat no. R3359.[4]


  1. ^ "Hornby Railways Collector Guide - Class - Class 101 Holden Tank - Steam". Retrieved 16 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "Hornby R1180 Postal Express Train Set". Retrieved 16 August 2016. 
  3. ^[dead link]
  4. ^ "Hornby R3359 RailRoad BR (Ex-GWR) 0-4-0 'Rothery Industrial' 101 Class". 21 June 2015. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015. Retrieved 16 August 2016.