G-15 (Eritrea)

G-15 is a name given to a group in Eritrea that opposes the policy of President Isaias Afewerki postponing elections and the failure in implementing the constitution. The membership of this group consists of former members of the President's ruling People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ) which has ruled the country since its independence in 1993. In May 2001 the group issued an open letter raising criticism against Isayas Afeworki's actions calling them "illegal and unconstitutional."[1]

Detentions and exileEdit

As of 2001, of the 15 members of the group, 11 were imprisoned, three were living in the United States and one, Muhammad Berhan Belata, had left the group and rejoined the government. The 11 members who were imprisoned are thought to be charged with treason. The Central Office of the PFDJ believes that they share, "...a common guilt: at the minimum, abdication of responsibility during Eritrea's difficult hours, at the maximum, grave conspiracy."[2]

In 2010, a former prison guard claimed that six of the 11 prisoners had died: Ogbe from asthma in 2002, Mahmoud from a neck infection in 2003, and Astier, Germano, Hamid and Salih from "illness and heat exhaustion". Five remained alive but very ill; Haile Woldetensae had lost his sight.[3]

Amnesty International named the imprisoned 11 prisoners of conscience and repeatedly called for their release.[4][5]


The list of the G-15[6] includes:


  1. ^ "Service for Life". Human Rights Watch. 16 April 2009. p. 6 of 12. Retrieved 2 January 2009.
  2. ^ Charles Cobb, Jr. (26 September 2001). "Eritrea: Party Puts its Case Against Dissidents". allAfrica.com. Retrieved 2006-09-02.
  3. ^ "Six Eritrean political leaders have died in prison: ex-guard". Asmarino. 2010-05-07. Archived from the original on 2021-07-02. Retrieved 2021-07-03.
  4. ^ "Eritrea: Prisoners of conscience held for a decade must be released". Amnesty International. 15 September 2011. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
  5. ^ "General Ogbe Abraha". Amnesty International. 2019-09-27. Archived from the original on 2021-07-02. Retrieved 2021-07-03.
  6. ^ Dorman, Sara. "Born powerful? Post-Liberation Politics in Eritrea and Zimbabwe" (PDF). UNHCR. Retrieved 2006-06-11.

External linksEdit