Gürün is a town and a district of Sivas Province of Turkey. The mayor is Nami Çiftçi (MHP).

Gürün
Gurun.jpg
Gürün is located in Turkey
Gürün
Gürün
Coordinates: 38°43′21″N 37°16′39″E / 38.72250°N 37.27750°E / 38.72250; 37.27750Coordinates: 38°43′21″N 37°16′39″E / 38.72250°N 37.27750°E / 38.72250; 37.27750
CountryTurkey
ProvinceSivas
Government
 • MayorNami Çiftçi (MHP)
 • KaymakamÖmer Kalaylı
Area
 • District2,717.30 km2 (1,049.16 sq mi)
Elevation
1,334 m (4,377 ft)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • Urban
9,824
 • District
20,222
 • District density7.4/km2 (19/sq mi)
Post code
58800
Websitewww.gurun.bel.tr

HistoryEdit

ToponymyEdit

The current name Gürün is most probably a corruption of the ancient name Tegarama, a city in Anatolia during the Bronze Age. In Armenian, the town is known as Gurin or Gyurin (Armenian: Կիւրին). In Kurdish the locality is known as Girîn.[3]

Ancient historyEdit

The city was inhabited during the Old Assyrian Kingdom and Hittite Empire. Ancient rock caves dating to 2000 BC are located in the district. The caves would have been in use, possibly as a kind of apartment complex, during the Hittite period. The caves were also "used as a cold storage area, woodshed and animal feed storage area by local people until a short time ago", and are now open to visitors.[4] Nami Çiftçi, the town's mayor, told Daily Sabah that they "don't have a precise date determined by expert engineers or by people who are well-versed in this field, so I invite our historians to Gürün. Come, bring your knowledge and your tools, study these caves so that we can have the data regarding their age, and we can announce it to the world".[5]

Modern historyEdit

During the Armenian Genocide, a sizable portion of the city's Armenian population was deported and killed. According to the memoir Goodbye, Antoura, during the pre-genocide years the Armenian population had achieved a level of stability in Gürün, with at least one Armenian family owning large swathes of land and orchards. In 1915, the Ottoman government appropriated these lands, and the Armenian population was deported southward and westward into the Syrian desert, eventually reaching the cities of Homs and Hama.[6]

A student association of Armenians from Gürün was founded in Boston in 1899, which later became the Compatriotic Union of Gurin. The union's initial purpose was to assist survivors of the genocide and their families, and it established chapters across the world. The compatriotic union published two periodicals, one from 1930 to 1933 in New York and another from 1976 to 1981 in New Jersey, as well as a book titled Badmakirk' Gurini ("History Book of Gurin", 1974, Beirut). The union cooperated with Armenians from Gürün in Yerevan to found the village of Nor Kyurin in Soviet Armenia. The organization was dissolved in the late 20th century, as the last Armenians born in Gürün died of old age.[7]

In September 2018, it was announced that a dilapidated Armenian church in Gürün would be renovated.[8][9]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^ Avcýkýran, Dr. Adem (ed.). "Kürtçe Anamnez, Anamneza bi Kurmancî" (PDF). Tirsik. p. 57. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 June 2020. Retrieved 17 September 2022.
  4. ^ Datta, Debasish (2021-03-26), "Optical Local/Metropolitan and Storage-Area Networks", Optical Networks, Oxford University Press, pp. 135–160, retrieved 2021-09-21
  5. ^ SABAH, DAILY (2020-12-09). "4,000-year-old apartment complex in central Turkey awaits researchers, tourists". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 2021-09-21.
  6. ^ "CHAPTER 8. GOODBYE, ANTOURA", Goodbye, Antoura, Stanford University Press, pp. 144–166, 2020-12-31, retrieved 2022-02-19
  7. ^ Baronian, Luc Vartan. "The Former Armenian Community of Gurin". www.uqac.ca. Retrieved 2022-05-12.
  8. ^ "Պիտի վերանորոգուի Սեբաստիոյ պատմական եկեղեցին". arevelk.am (in Armenian). 2018-09-27. Retrieved 2022-05-12.
  9. ^ Aghjayan, George (2019-06-27). "The Many Lives of a Church in Gurin". The Armenian Weekly. Retrieved 2022-05-12.

External linksEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Panian, Karnig. Goodbye, Antoura: A Memoir of the Armenian Genocide. Translated by Simon Beugekian. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2015.