Fundamental Statute of the Kingdom of Albania (1939)

The Fundamental Statute of the Kingdom of Albania was the constitution used in the Albanian Kingdom. It was introduced by King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy after the Italian invasion of Albania. It replaced the previous constitution of the same name. It was signed by Victor Emmanuel III on 3 June 1939 and then presented to Shefqet Vërlaci in Rome, and went into effect the following day.[1]

Fundamental Statute of the Kingdom of Albania
Ratified3 June 1939
Date effective4 June 1939
Repealed15 March 1946
SignatoriesVictor Emmanuel III of Italy

The 1939 constitution proclaimed Victor Emmanuel III the King of Albania and made Albania a constitutional monarchy. It also created a "Supreme Fascist Corporation Council" to serve as the legislature of Albania, structured after Italy's Chamber of Fasces and Corporations.[2]

The 1939 constitution was replaced on 15 March 1946, after Enver Hoxha promulgated a constitution for the newly formed People's Republic of Albania.[2]

PartsEdit

  • Preamble
  • Chapter I - General Provisions
  • Chapter II - The King
  • Chapter III - The Government of the King
  • Chapter IV - Superior Corporate Fascist Council
  • Chapter V - Judicial Order
  • Chapter VI - The Rights and Duties of Citizens

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Fundamental Statute of the Kingdom of Albania-June 4, 1939. British and Foreign State Papers. Vol. 143 1939. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 1951. pp. 327–332.
  2. ^ a b Peaslee, Amos J. (1956). Constitutions of Nations. Vol. I (2nd ed.). The Hague, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 33.